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DESCRIPTIVE 
SOUVENIR, 

MMOUNTPARK 





Ex LlBRIS 

The Pennsylvania 

Horticultural Society 



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! 

i descriptive Souvenir 

OF 



Fairtnount 
Park 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 




1919 



I 
Presented by j 

Fairmount Park Guard Tension Fund 

cAssociation, Incorporated \ 



Reichert & Ce,, Manayunk, Phila. 



17816 
EEHoa 



COMMISSIONERS 

OF FAIRMOUNT PARK 

Rooms 127 and 129, East Corridor, City Hall 

President 

E. T. Stotesbury 

Vice-President 

Eli Kirk Price 

Treasurer 

Sidney W. Keith 

Secretary 
Thomas S. Martin 

Appointed by the Court of Common Pleas 
E. T. Stotesbury James Elverson 
Eli Kirk Price Theodore Justice 

Sidney W. Keith Joseph E. Widener 
T. DeWitt Cuyler W. Finley Brown 
Dr. Charles B. Penrose 
Charles Emory McMichael 

By Virtue of Their Respective Offices 
Hon. Thomas B. Smith, Mayor 
James E. Lennon, 

President of Select Council 
Edward B. Gleason, M. D., 

President of Common Council 
Carlton Davis, Chief of Bureau of Water, 
Chief City Property Bureau 
Chester E. Albright, 

Chief of Survey Bureau 
Alan Corson, 

Chief Engineer of Fair mount Park 
George W. Pepper, Park Solicitor 



FAIRMOUNT PARK GUARD PENSION 

FUND ASSOCIATION, Incorporated 

Organized September, 1909 

President 

Captain Hayes H. Duncan 

Vice-President 

Lieutenant W. A. Stackhouse 

Secretary 

Lieutenant T. A. Koch 

Treasurer 

Thomas S. Martin 

Directors 

H. A. Haldeman 

Harry Hahn 

Charles T. McGarvey 

A. Magnin 

J. Nailsmith 

Solicitor 
G. Douglass Bartlett 

Real Estate Officer 
Wm. J. Benham 



FAIRMOUNT PARK GUARD PENSION 
FUND ASSOCIATION, Incorporated 

(Continued) 

Committee on Entertainment 

Captain Hayes H. Duncan, Chairman 

Lieutenant J. A. Koch 

Lieutenant W. A. Stackhouse 

Sergeant H. Hahn 

Sergeant J. Nailsmith 

Sergeant F. F. Rommel 

House Sergeant C. F. Knoll 

House Sergeant A. Magnin 

House Sergeant Charles T. McGarvey 

Guard Harry A. Haldeman 

Guard George C. Zesinger 

USHERS 
Sergeant Harry Hahn, Chairman 
House Sergeant Charles T. McGarvey 
Sergeant G. W. Anderson 
House Sergeant Charles K. Johnson 
House Sergeant C. F. Knoll 
Guard Harry A. Haldeman 

DOOR TENDERS 
House Sergeant A. Magnin 
Guard Edward Patterson 

SUPERVISOR OF ENTERTAINMENT 
Lieutenant J. A. Koch 



HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS 



Adler, Dr. L. H., Jr. 
Alter, Louise. 
Amenson, F. S. 
Ammonson, L. S. 
Baer, George F. 
Bailey, Charles W. 
Ballard, E. A. 
Bartlett, G. Douglass. 
Baugh, Daniel. 
Beale, H. A. 
Beary, Dr. Eli S. 
Benson, E. N., Jr. 
Bent, Stedman. 
Bergdoll, Louis J. 
Bergdoll, L., Brewing 

Co. 
Berkowitz, Adolph. 
Betz, John F., 3d. 
Biddle, W. F. 
Bird, John B. 
Bishop, Daniel J. 
Bodine, Samuel I. 
Bornot, A. F. 
Bournonville, Antoine. 
Bracken, F. B. 
Braun, W. F. Harold. 
Braun. William P. M. 
Braun. Francis J. 
Brawn, Chas. A. 
Brooks, William. 
Brooke, Hunter. 
Brocklehurst, H. 
Brown, John A., Jr. 
Burnham, William. 
Burk, Louis. 
Campbell, E. Ross. 



Lassatt, Robert K. 
Cadwalader, John. 
Carstairs, J. H. 
Chandler Bros. & Co. 
Chandler, F. T. 
Chandler, Frederick T., 

3d. 
Chevalier & Krouse. 
Childs, Calvin G. 
Child, George W., Mrs. 
Christ, Toseph. 
Clark, E. W. 
Clark, C. H., Jr. 
Clyde, Caroline B. 
Cochran, Travis. 
Cooke, Jay, 3d. 
Colton, J. Milton. 
Converse, John H. 
Coxe, Miss Rebecca. 
Coxe, H. B. 
Coyle, Robert M. 
Cresson Boat Club. 
Croft & Allen. 
Cuyler, Thomas DeWitt. 
Darlington, H. S. 
Dannenbaum, H. 
Davidson, John W. 
Davis. Charles D. 
DeKraft, William. 
Dentzell, William H. 
Devlin, E. A. 
Dick, W. A. 
Disston, J. S. 
Dixon, T. H. 
Dolan, H. Yale. 
Dolan, Thomas. 



HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS 

(Continued) 



Douglass, C. A. 
Dougherty, Charles H. 
Drayton, R. C. 
Drexel, G. W. Childs. 
Drysdale, Dr. W. A. 
Earle, E. W. 
Earnshaw, Warner G. 
Eckert, Samuel. 
Eisenlohr, Otto. 
Eisenlohr, Charles J. 
Electric Storage Battery 

Co. 
Ellison, William R. 
Ellis, Frank H. 
Erdrich, Andrew, & 

Son. 
Filbert, R. Y. 
Firth, J. F. 

Fitzgerald, J. J. 

Fletcher. A. E. B. 

Fotterall, S. B. 

Fox, Alex. M., Jr. 

Frazier, George H. 

Frazier, W. W. 

Freihofer, W. 

Galey, Eleanor Chandler 

Galey, Helen Fairie. 

Galey, Marion Allison. 

Gallagher, Chris. 

Gandy, George S. 

Gilfillan, Joseph. 

Godfrey, W. S. 

Godfrey, Lincoln. 

Gratz, H. M. 

Greer. Joseph. 



Grove, H. S. 
Hall, Albert 
Harrison, Kate DeF. 
Harvey, R. M. & A. E. 
Hay & Son. 
Hohenadel, John. 
Howell, Mrs. S. H. 
Hirst, A. A. 
Harrison, George L. 
Harris, W. J. 
Hayes, Nicholas J. 
Helmee, William C. 
Henry, John J. 
Henson, Edward F. 
Holton, John H. W. 
Hope, James F. 
Houston, S. F., Mr. 

and Mrs. 
Howe, Charlton V. 
Huey & Christ. 
Humphreys, James A. 
Huston, Joseph M. 
Huhn, George A. 
Isman, Felix. 
Janny, Robert M. 
Jenks, John Story. 
Jenkins, J. H. 
Jessup, H. J., M. D. 
Johnson, S. Winder, 
Keith, Sidney W. 
Keystone Automobile 

Co. 
Kille, John T. 
Kobler, Dr. H. B. 
Kuehl, Henry. 



HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS 

(Continued) 



Kuhn, C. Hartman. 
Lane, Cornelius A. 
Latta, John S. 
Lea, Langdon. 
Lifter, Morris. 
Linnard, George B. 
Liebrandt, Frederick. 
Lloyd, C. W. 
Longstreth, C. 
Magee, J. R. 
Martin, Hon. J. Willis. 
Mahn, Godfrey S. 
Mann, William, The, 

Co. 
Megear, Alter. 
Melloy, George G. 
Meirs, R. W. 
Merrick, J. Vaughan. 
Merrick, J. Hartley. 
Michaelson. F. C. 
Morgan, F. C. 
Morris, E. B. 
Morris, L. I. 
Morris, Herbert. 
McAllister, J. R. 
McClary, W. J. 
McCahan, William J., 

Jr. 
McCrea, C. 
McFadden, George H., 

& Bro. 
Mcllhenny, John H. 
McLean, W. L. 
Neff, Joseph S., M. D. 
Newbold, Arthur E. 



Xewbold, Arthur E., Jr. 

Nicholson, William B. 

Nixon, Samuel D. 

Norris, Alfred. 

Partridge, Charles H. 

Passmore, Lincoln K. 

Patton, E. W. 

Patton, Robert. 

Patterson, Frank T. 

Penrose Dr. C. B. 

People's Regatta Com- 
mittee. 

Pettie, N. A. 

Physicians' Motor Club. 

Pollock, James. 

Poth, F. A., & Son. 

Prevost, Harriet C. 

Price, Eli K. 
Quaker City Motor 
Club. 

Raff, A. Raymond. 
Reilly, Thomas. 
Robinson, E. M. 
Ross. J. Anderson. 
Samuel, Mary B. 
Schmidheiser, Edw. C. 
Serrill, John B. 
Sherwood A. C. Club 
Shibe, Thos. S. 
Shoemaker, Samuel. 
Siter, Dr. E. H. 
Smith, Charles K., & Co. 
Smith, Edward B. 
Smyth, Harriet C. 
Snellenburg, N., & Co. 



10 



HONORARY LIFE MEMBERS 

(Continued) 



Snowden, A % Loudon. 
Spear, James. 
Stafford, John. 
Strawbridge, F. H. 
Sterling, Robert B. 
Steltz, S. A. 
Stimson, Samuel B. 
Stotesbury, E. T. 
Taylor, N. A. 
Thomson. Dr. A. C. 
Townsend, C. C. 
Truitt, S. H. 
Turner, William J. 
Undine Barge Club. 



Valentine, John R. 
Van Rensselaer, A. 
Vauclain, S. M. 
Warden, W. G. 
Weeks, S. M. 
Welsh, Charles K. 
Welsbach St. Light Co. 
Welsh, Edward Lowber. 
Weightman, A. H. 
Wheeler, Charles. 
White, J. C. 
White, S. S,. Jr. 
Wiggins, John H. 
Wood, Howard. 




HEADQUARTERS OF FAIRMOUNT PARK 
GUARD 

WOODFORD GUARD HOUSE, 

Thirty-third and Dauphin Streets. 

Hayes H. Duncan, Captain Park Guard. 

Lieut, j. A. Koch, Duty Sergeant. 

Geo. W. Anderson, Duty Sergeant. 

John W. Glenx. Duty Sergeant. 

C. F. Knoll, Day House Sergeant. 

J. L. Claus, Night House Sergeant. 



SEDGELEY GUARD HOUSE. 
Thirtv-third and Girard Avenue. 

Harry Hah\, Duty Sergeant. 

A. R. Cronrath, Duty Sergeant. 

F. F. Rommel, All Night Duty Sergeant. 

A. Magnin, Day House Sergeant. 
EUGENE Miller, Night House Sergeant. 



WEST PARK GUARD HOUSE, 

Fifty-second Street Drive, northeast of Fifty 

second Street Entrance. 

W. A. Stack ho use, Lieutenant. 

W. L. Margerum, Duty Sergeant. 

\\. P. Hazlett, Duty Sergeant. 

Chas. Schmich, Day House Sergeant. 

T. W. Trvtn. Night House Sergeant. 



WISSAHICKOX HALL. 

Wissahickon Drive, above Ridge Avenue. 

John Nailsmith, Duty Sergeant. 

W. Long, Duty Sergeant. 



HUNTING PARK, 

Old York Road and Hunting Park Avenue. 

C. W. Rogers, Duty Sergeant. 
Chas. K. Johnson, House Sergeant. 



COBBS' CREEK PARK, 
Sixty-fourth and Catharine Streets. 
Geo. H. Eldredge, House Sergeant. 

W. L. Scott, Duty Sergeant. 
Thos. J. Cahill, House Sergeant. 



PARKS AND THEIR LOCATION 

Fairmount Park. 

Area 3,569 Acres 

Hunting Park. 

Area 86 Acres 

Boundary : York road, Lycoming street, Ninth 
street, Wingohocking street. 

Burholme Park. 

Area 69 Acres 

Boundary: County Line, Central avenue, Shel- 
mire avenue and Fillmore avenue (County Line). 

Clifford Park. 

Area 15 Acres 

Boundary : Wissahickon avenue, Johnson 
street, Washington lane and Lincoln Drive. 

13 



Cobb's Creek Park. 

Area 527 Acres 

Boundary : City Line, Arch street to Lans- 
downe avenue, Lansdowne avenue to Race street, 
Race street to Gross street, Cobb's Creek drive 
(Sixty-third street), following drive to Woodland 
avenue and Creek to City Line. 

Pennypack Park. 

Area ■ 1,097 Acres 

Boundary : Fillmore street, Welsh road, Kews- 
town avenue to Strahle street, Bustleton avenue 
to Welsh road. Willets road to Ashton road, to 
Holme avenue, to Bustleton avenue. 

Fisher Park. 

Area 23 Acres 

Boundary : New York Line Philadelphia and 
Reading Railway. Winchester avenue to Clark 
street. 

Wistkk's Woods. 

Area 44 Acres 

Boundary : Fisher's lane, or East Logan street, 
on line 349 feet west of Germantown Branch of 
Philadelphia and Reading Railway, Wister street 
to Bellfield avenue and Summerville avenue to 
Nineteenth street. 

Morris Park. 

,Area 22 Acres 

Boundary : Citv Line, Sixty-sixth street. 
li 



Fern hill Park. 

Area 53 Acres 

Boundary : Wissahickon avenue, Abbottsford 
avenue, Morris street, Pulaski avenue and Roberts 
avenue. 

Cloverly. 

Area 2 Acres 

Boundary: School House lane and Wissa- 
hickon avenue. 

Pastorius Park. 

Area 15 Acres 

Boundary : Millman street, Southampton ave- 
nue. Roanoke street and Abington avenue. 

Logan Square. 
Area 8 Acres 

RlTTEN HOUSE SQUARE. 

Area 6 Acres 

Washington Square. 

Area 7 Acres 

Independence Square. 

Area 5 Acres 

Franklin Square. 

A rea 7 Acres 

The Parkway. 
Area 55 Acres 

15 



Palmer Park. 

Area 1 Acre 

Boundary: Frankford avenue, Palmer street, 
Sepviva street and East Columbia avenue. 

Tacony Creek Park. 

Area 16 Acres 

Boundary: Between Frankford Creek and 
Tacony Creek, Courtland street, L street, Frank- 
ford Creek to Wingohocking Creek, Frankford 
and Tacony Creek to Wyoming avenue, to Ra- 
mona avenue, to Courtland street. 

Northeast Boulevard. 

Area 250 Acres 

Broad street to Sollv avenue. 



Places of Interest in 
Fairmount Park 

BEIDGES CROSSING SCHUYLKILL RIVER 
WITHIN PARK BOUNDARY 

The following data concerning all the bridges 
across the Schuylkill River within the limits of 
Fairmount Park was largely furnished by the 
Bridge Division, Bureau of Surveys, Department 
of Public Works. 

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BRIDGES CROSSING WISSAHICKON CREEK 
WITHIN PARK LIMITS 

Reading Railway Co. Bridge crosses Wissa- 
hickon drive and creek at intersection of Ridge 
avenue and Wissahickon drive. 

Footbridge crossing Wissahickon Creek to foot- 
path on west side of creek below Hermit lane. 

Hermit Lane Bridge, Hermit lane and Wissa- 
hickon drive, below Rittenhouse street. 

Blue Stone Bridge on site of former Red 
Bridge, short distance below Walnut lane (for- 
merly called Shur's lane), and one-quarter mile 
north of Rittenhouse street and Wissahickon 
drive. 

Walnut Lane Bridge crosses over Lincoln drive 
below Morris street to Blue Bell Hill. 

Kitchen's Lane Bridge, Kitchen's lane and Wis- 
sahickon drive. 

Concrete Bridge crosses Wissahickon creek 
from Tohnston street, Germantown, to Walnut 
lane, Roxborough. 

Allen's Lane Bridge, Allen's lane and Wissa- 
hickon drive. 

Springfield Avenue Bridge, Springfield avenue, 
a short distance above Valley Green Inn, Wissa- 
hickon drive. 

Hartwell Avenue Bridge, Hartwell avenue and 
Wissahickon drive. 

Thomas Mill Road Bridge, Thomas Mill road 
and Wissahickon drive. 

Thorp's Lane Bridge, Thorp's lane and Wissa- 
hickon drive. 

18 



LOCATION OF BUILDINGS IN FAIRMOUNT 
PARK 

Aquarium, on east shore of Schuylkill River, 
150 yards north of Spring Garden Street Bridge 
and one-half mile southwest from Green street 
entrance. 

Arnest House, on lawn, 50 yards west of Thirty- 
third and Susquehanna avenue. 

Belmont Auxiliary Pumping Station, between 
George's Hill Reservoir and north of Belmont 
drive, near Belmont avenue. 

Belmont Mansion, facing Belmont drive, one- 
eighth mile east of Belmont avenue, opposite 
Belmont Park Trolley Station. 

Belmont Offices (Chief Engineer, Assistant 
Chief Engineer, Chief Clerk), storehouse, shops 
and stables, west river drive, about 300 yards 
north of Columbia Bridge. 

Belmont Pumping Station, west river drive, 
just south of Columbia Bridge. 

British Building, on Fifty-second street drive, 
about 1,000 yards northeast of Fifty-second street 
entrance. 

Butter Cud Cottage, Cresheim Valky, near 
Allen's Lane Station, Pennsylvania Railroad. 

Carousel, on Lemon Hill, 500 yards southwest 
from Poplar street entrance. 

Carousel on Strawberry Hill, north side of 
Park Trolley Road, between York street entrance 
and Strawberry Mansion. 

Carousel, on South Concourse, West Park, 
about 100 yards west of Belmont and Parkside 
avenues. 

Cedar Park Driving Club, on lawn, north of 
Junction Station, Park Trolley Road, a short dis- 
tance northeast of Belmont avenue, near Metho- 
dist Home. 

19 



Clifford Park Mansion, west side of Lincoln 
drive, near Johnson street. 

Chamounix Mansion, northeast from north end 
of Speedway, top of Chamounix Hill and south- 
east of Chamounix Park Trolley Station. 

Chamounix Cottage, northwest from north end 
of Speedway, on top of Chamounix Hill, and 
southwest of Chamounix Park Trolley Station. 

Fulmer Mansion, west side of Falls road, cor- 
ner of Falls road and Johnson's lane, about a 
quarter mile southwest from Falls Bridge. 

Grant's Cabin, south side of main drive, south- 
east from east end of Girard Avenue Bridge. 

Greenland Mansion, on lawn, south side of 
Greenland drive, near west end of Park Trolley 
Bridge. 

Horticultural Hall, about one-third mile north- 
east from Belmont and Parkside avenues, and 
about 500 yards east of Belmont avenue. Open 
daily from 9 A. M. to sunset. 

Japanese Temple Gate, north side of Lans- 
downe drive, 250 yards east of Belmont avenue. 

The Lauriston House, on hill, southwest from 
pathside of Wissahickon Creek below Hermit lane. 

Lemon "Hill Mansion, on Lemon Hill, 500 yards 
southwest from Poplar street entrance. 

Livezey House, east side of Wissahickon Creek, 
north of Livezey's lane. 

Memorial Hall, on North Concourse, about 400 
yards north of Forty-second street and Parkside 
avenue. Open on Sundays, 1 P. M. Mondays, 
12 noon. Other days, 9.30 A. M. Close on Sun- 
days, 6 P. M., from April 6th to September 10th, 
and from September 11th to April 5th, one-half 
hour before sunset. Week-days, close at 5 P. M., 
from February 10th to September 6th. Balance 
of year, one-half hour before sunset. 



Mount Pleasant Mansion, southwest corner of 
Dairy ball held, two-thirds of a mile west ot 
Columbia avenue entrance. 

Megargee House, north side of Thomas Mill 
road, east side of Wissahickon Creek. 

Tom Moore's Cottage, west side of west river 
drive, 300 yards north of Columbia Bridge. 

Old Monastery, east side of Wissahickon Creek, 
on top of hill, north of Kitchen's lane. 

Ormiston Mansion, on lawn, opposite north- 
west corner of East Park Reservoir, one-ftiird 
of a mile west of Diamond street entrance. 

Ohio Building, northwest corner of Belmont 
avenue and Montgomery avenue drives, about 
one-half mile north of Parkside avenue. 

Prowattain House, south side of Hermit lane, 
about quarter mile west of pathside of Wissa- 
hickon Creek and about one-quarter mile east 
of Ridge avenue, Roxborough. 

Public Comfort, on lawn, northeast corner of 
Belmont and Parkside avenues. 

Philadelphia Road Drivers' Club House, west 
side of Speedway, about three-quarters of a mile 
north of south entrance to Speedway, opposite 
Road Drivers' Park Trolley Station. 

Philadelphia Canoe Club, mouth of Wissahickon 
Creek, south of Ridge avenue and Wissahickon 
drive. 

Queen Lane Pumping Station, on east side of 
east river drive, opposite School Lane, and east 
of south approach to City Avenue Bridge. 

Ridgeland Mansion, on ridge east of Return 
drive and about 250 yards north of Belmont Park 
Trolley Station. 

Rockland Mansion, west side of Dairy ball field, 
between Mt. Pleasant and Ormiston Mansions. 



David Rittenhouse House, west side of Lincoln 
drive, 200 yards north of Rittenhouse street. 

Randolph Mansion, west side of Edgeley ball 
field, on bluffs overlooking Schuylkill River, one- 
half mile west of Diamond or Dauphin streets en- 
trances. 

Spring Garden Pumping Station, east side of 
east river drive, about 100 feet north of Girard 
Avenue Bridge. 

Smith Playhouse, on lawn, overlooking Reading 
Railroad, fronting on drive leading from Colum- 
bia avenue and Oxford street entrances, about 
one-third of a mile west of the above entrances. 

Strawberry Mansion, on bluffs overlooking 
Schuylkill River, about 400 yards west of York 
street entrance. 

Strawberry Music Pavilion, on lawn, about 150 
yards west of Cumberland street entrance. 

Strawberry Quoit Club, south of South Laurel 
Hill Cemetery, just opposite Huntingdon street 
and Ridge avenue. 

Strawberry Roque Club, south of South Laurel 
Hill Cemetery, just opposite Huntingdon street 
and Ridge avenue. 

Solitude, in the Zoological Garden, southwest 
corner of Thirty-fourth and Girard avenue. 

Sweet Briar Mansion, on lawn, north side oi 
Lansdowne drive, opposite Thirty-eighth and 
Girard avenue, one-quarter mile west of Lans- 
downe entrance. 

Sheep Barn, on lawn, about 100 yards east of 
Return drive, 250 yards north of Belmont Park 
Trolley Station. 

Valley Green Canoe Club, east side of Wissa- 
hickon Creek, about one-eighth mile south of 
Devil's Pool. 

22 



\ alley Green Inn. west side of Wissahickon 
Creek, short distance south of Springlield avenue. 

William Penn House, on lawn, north side of 
Girard avenue, east of Thirty-eighth street. 

Wissahickon Hall, on east side of Wissahickon 
drive, one-quarter of a mile north of Ridge ave- 
nue. 

Woodford Mansion, headquarters of Fair- 
mount Park Guard, west of Park Trolley Road, 
northwest of Dauphin street entrance. 

Zoological Garden, southwest corner Thirty- 
fourth and Girard avenue. 



FOUNTAINS 

East Side of Schuylkill River. 

2 Rond Point Fountains, south side of east 
river drive, between Public Boat House and Fair- 
mount avenue. 

2 Rond Point Fountains, west side of east river 
drive, opposite Garfield Monument and south of 
Girard Avenue Bridge. 

1 Rond Point Fountain, foot of Flat Iron Hill, 
east of main drive, opposite Lincoln Monument. 

Fish Pond Fountain, west of main drive, oppo- 
site to Twenty-ninth and Brown streets. 

Ornamental Fountain, Dauphin street entrance. 

West Side of Schuylkill River. 

Welsh Memorial Fountain, opposite to Forty- 
second and Parkside avenue. 

Catholic T. A. B. Fountain, northeast of Fifty- 
second street entrance. 

Harriett S. French Fountain, east side of Bel- 
mont avenue, about 50 yards north of Belmont 
Drive. 



LAKES IN FAIRMOUNT PARK 

Gustine Lake is situated east of east river 
drive, north of Queen Lane Pumping Station and 
south of Ridge avenue and Wissahickon drive. 
Manayunk division trolley cars, Philadelphia 
Rapid Transit Company, pass the lake. It is 
also accessible by Philadelphia and Reading Rail- 
way Company. Norristown Branch, to Wissa- 
hickon Station which is about a quarter mile 
distant from the lake. 

Upper and Lower Lincoln Lakes are on the 
west side of Lincoln drive, near Harvey street. 
Accessible by Chelten avenue trolley cars, Phila- 
delphia Rapid Transit Company, and Pennsyl- 
vania and Reading Railroads to Germantown. 

Cresheim Valley Lake, about one-half mile 
west of Mt. Airy Division depot, Philadelphia 
Rapid Transit Company and east of Devil's Pool, 
east side of Wissahickon Creek, about a mile 
north of Allen's Lane Bridge. 

Concourse Lake is 100 yards northwest of 
Belmont and Parkside avenues. 

Centennial Lake, on west side of Belmont ave- 
nue, one-eighth mile north of Belmont and Park- 
side avenue entrance. 

Chamounix Lakes are situated in vicinity of 
Chamounix Park Trollev Station, west of Read- 
ing Railroad and southwest from west end of 
Falls Bridge. 



LOCATION OF MONUMENTS AND 
STATUARY 

Abraham Lincoln Monument, junction of main 
and east river drives, half mile northwest of 
Green street entrance. 

24 



Cow Boy Statue, on bluff, east side of east 
river drive, north of Pennsylvania Railroad 
Bridge. 

Columbus Monument, Belmont avenue, on a 
direct line west of Horticultural Hall. 

Catholic T. A. B. Monument, northeast of Fif- 
ty-second street entrance. 

Dying Lioness, in front of main entrance to 
Zoological Garden, Thirty-fourth street and 
Girard avenue. 

Anthony J. Drexel Monument, north side of 
Lansdowne drive, about 75 yards east of Belmont 
avenue. 

Florentine Lions, east and west side of Welsh 
Memorial Fountain, opposite to Forty-second 
street and Parkside avenue entrance. 

Bust of President James A. Garfield, east side 
of east river drive, below Girard Avenue Bridge 
and near Rond Point Fountains. 

Giant's Causeway, quarter mile east of Fifty- 
second street entrance, between Catholic T. A. B. 
Fountain and West Park guard house. 

General U. S. Grant Monument, intersection of 
east river and Fountain Green drives, quarter 
mile above Girard Avenue Bridge. 

Goethe Monument, Horticultural Hall lawn, 
north of Sunken Gardens. 

Hayden Monument, on lawn, east of Horti- 
cultural Hall. 

Humboldt Monument, on hill overlooking 
Jeanne D'Arc Monument, southeast from east end 
of Girard Avenue Bridge. 

Hudson Bay W^olves, east side of Lansdowne 
drive, near Lansdowne entrance, west end of 
Girard Avenue Bridge. 

Houston Monument, Lincoln drive and Harvey 
street. 

85 



II Penserosa, in Horticultural Hall, east end of 
Building. 

Japanese Stone Lantern, near spring in Lans- 
downe valley. 

Japanese Temple Gate, north side of Lans- 
downe drive, about 100 yards east of Belmont 
avenue. 

Jeanne D'Arc Monument, southeast corner of 
main drive and Girard avenue, near east end of 
Girard Avenue Bridge. 

Lion Fighter Monument, on natural jutting 
rock, east river drive, below Girard Avenue 
Bridge. 

Small Lions on Stone Pedestals, on terrace, 
east side of Horticultural Hall. 

Lioness Carrying to Her Young a Wild Boar, 
foot of Lemon Hill, near Lincoln Monument. 

Major-General George Gordon Meade, west 
side of Lansdowne drive, north of Memorial Hall. 

Morton Michael Monument, south side of main 
drive, southeast from east end of Girard Avenue 
Bridge. 

Medicine Man Monument, head of Strawberry 
Hill drive, west of Dauphin street entrance. 

Night Monument, on George's Hill, west of 
Music Pavilion. 

Orestes & Pylades Monument, junction of 
Columbia avenue and Oxford street drives, west 
of Thirty-third street. 

William Penn, on cliff, east side of Wissa- 
hickon Creek, between Concrete Bridge and 
Kitchen's lane. 

Pegassus, Flying Horse, each side of south en- 
trance to Memorial Hall. 

Religious Liberty, opposite east entrance to 
Horticultural Hall. 

Silenus and Infant Bacchus, east side of main 

26 



drive, half wav between Fairmount avenue and 
Brown street entrances. 

Schiller, Horticultural Hall lawn, south of 
Sunken Gardens. 

Schubert, on lawn, east of Horticultural Hall. 

Stone .Age in America, on hill west side of 
Lansdowne drive, opposite Sweet Briar Mansion. 

Sun Dial and Marble Pedestal, centre of Sunken 
Gardens, west of Horticultural Hall. 

Smith Memorial Arches, about one square 
north from Forty-first street and Parkside ave- 
nue entrance. 

Soldier Monument, northwest corner of Bel- 
mont avenue and George's Hill drive, about half 
mile north of Parkside avenue. 

Tarn O'Shanter, group of four figures, in red 
sandstone, under shelter, on east' river drive, 
north of Lincoln Monument, opposite Boat House 
Row. 

Bronze Tablet, Camp Stokley, east side of east 
river drive, near Queen Lane Pumping Station, 
below Ridge avenue. 

Revolutionary- Tablet, on side of rocks near 
Guard Box at junction of Wissahickon Drive 
and Lincoln Drive. 

Teddvscung, on Indian Council Rock, east side 
of Wissahickon Creek, 100 yards north of Rex 
avenue. 

Verdi, on lawn, southeast of Horticultural Hall. 

The Wrestlers, west side of main drive, foot 
of Lemon Hill, near Brown street entrance. 

Witherspoon, on lawn, northeast of Horticul- 
tural Hall. 

Washington Monument, Green street entrance. 

27 



LOCATION OF ATHLETIC GROUNDS IN 
FAIRMOUNT PARK 

East of Schuylkill River. 

Dairy Athletic Field, opposite west side of 
East Park Reservoir, about two-thirds pf a mile 
west of Columbia avenue entrance. 

Edgeley Athletic Field, west of Edgeley drive, 
about 400 vards west of Diamond or Dauphin 
strets entrances. 

West of Schuylkill River. 

Belmont Athletic Field, on Belmont Plateau, 
south of Belmont Mansion, east of Belmont drive 
and north of Montgomery avenue drive. 



LAWN TENNIS COURTS 

East of Schuylkill River. 

East Park Tennis Courts, on lawn, west of 
Thirty-third street, east of Edgeley drive, between 
Diamond and Dauphin streets drives. 

West of Schuylkill River. 

West Park Tennis Courts, on east and west 
side of British Building, located on Fifty-second 
street drive, about 500 yards northeast of Fifty- 
second street entrance. 



PICNIC GROUNDS 

East of Schuylkill River. 

Lemon Hill picnic grounds, situated southwest 
from Poplar street entrance, are well shaded with 
trees, with a spring on east side of hill near Fish 

28 



Pond to add to the comfort of the thirsty. The 
goat carriages and carousels afford amusement 
for the young. Picnic grounds can also be found 
on hill northwest from Poplar street entrance, 
extending to Girard avenue. In front of Sedgeley 
Guard House, a fountain containing ice water, 
during the summer months, materially adds to 
the comfort of picnickers in this vicinity. 

The Smith Memorial Playhouse for Children, 
in East Park, above Columbia avenue entrance, 
under the supervision of Superintendent H. M. 
Shipe and Matron Mrs. Catharine E. Shipe, af- 
fords a series of amusements for children under 
10 years of age. The playhouse is open every 
day from Mav 1st to October 31st, 9 o'clock A. M. 
to 7 o'clock P. M., and from November 1st to 
April 30th, 9 o'clock A. M. to 5 o'clock P. M. 

The picnic grounds in East Park extend from 
line of Pennsylvania Railroad, west of Thirty- 
third and Oxford streets, north to line of Dia- 
mond street, including the Dairy (Mount Pleas- 
ant). Rockland and Ormiston. Many shaded 
groves can be found between Diamond street and 
York street, west of Thirty-third street, well 
adapted for picnic purposes. Strawberry Hill is 
the mecca for church and society outings, sup- 
pers, etc. On the hill will be found swings and 
carousel. Tuesdays and Fridays, during the sum- 
mer months, the Fairmount Park Band, 40 pieces, 
gives concerts in the Strawberry Music Pavilion. 

Quite a number of picnickers assemble on the 
lawns, between the east river drive and river 
front, Fountain Green to Strawberry Landing, 
where a beautiful view of the river, dotted with 
numerous rowing shells, canoes, launches, and 
row boats, is obtained. 

Picnic grounds on west pathside of Wissa- 



hickon Creek, extend from Ridge avenue, north 
to above Hermit lane. Allen's lane, Valley Green 
and Devil's Pool are inviting for picnic purposes. 
Boating is quite a favorite pastime along the 
Wissahickon Creek. 

West of Schuylkill River. 

George's Hill offers many commodious places 
for picnic parties. A stretch of woods along the 
George's Hill drive, on west side, with tables 
and benches will accommodate about 2,000 people. 
A spring will be found in the valley, a refresh- 
ment stand is located near the woods and there 
are public comfort places for men, women and 
children. The music pavilion on top of George's 
Hill and shelter at northwest end of woods, oppo- 
site Wynnefield Park Trolley Station, offer shel- 
ter in case of storm. On east side of George's 
Hill drive, well shaded grounds will accommo- 
date about 1,000 persons, which is close to all the 
accommodations afforded on the grounds on west 
side of the drive. 

Small picnic parties can be accommodated in 
the vicinity of the British Building (West Park 
Guard House) near the tennis courts. There are 
benches and tables that will accommodate about 
1,000 persons. Men's retiring rooms can be found 
in the British Building and the Rhode Island 
Building affords facilities for women and chil- 
dren. A soring and pump are situated at west 
end of Centennial Lake and Fountain avenue. 
The British Building affords shelter in case of 
storm. 

A large stretch of picnic grounds, between 
North Concourse drive and Lansdowne drive, east 
of Belmont avenue and west of Memorial Hall, 
are well patronized by picnickers. A refreshment 

30 



stand is located in the woods at Michaux avenue 
and Lansdowne drive. A spring will be found in 
Lansdowne valley and at Memorial Hall and 
Horticultural Hall, there are public comforts 
for men, women and children. 

On the north and west sides of Belmont Man- 
sion the grounds are very attractive and the ac- 
commodations are good. In addition to a refresh- 
ment stand at the east end of the building, there 
is also a cafe in the Mansion. There is a pump 
in the yard and a spring south of the building. 
In case of storm, the porches of the Mansion 
and the sheds on west side of building offer 
ample protection. Public comforts for men, 
women and children will be found in the imme- 
diate vicinity of the building. The tables and 
benches in the groves will accommodate about 
3,000 persons. 

The grounds at the junction of Belmont and 
Speedway drives, near Junction Park Trolley 
Station and about five minutes' walk from Bel- 
mont Mansion, will accommodate about 250 per- 
sons. A pump and shelter are on the grounds. 

In Seven Spring woods, east of Ridgeland, will 
be found a spring and shelter, with tables and 
benches to accommodate 500 people. 

Chamounix picnic grounds are the largest in 
the Park and extend from the Road Drivers' 
Club House on the west to the circle, east of 
Chamounix Mansion and will accommodate 5,000 
people. In addition to a refreshment stand and 
public comfort for men, women and children at 
the Mansion, a public comfort for men will be 
found at Chamounix Barn. There is a spring 
at western end of woods and another spring in 
Johnson's woods, south of Chamounix Mansion. 
A room in the Mansion, besides the porches of 

31 



the Mansion and barn, are a protection from 
storm. The eastern end of the grounds offers a 
beautiful view of the Schuylkill River and the 
villages of Queen Lane Manor, Falls of Schuyl- 
kill, Wissahickon and Roxborough, Laurel Hill 
Cemetery and Strawberry Mansion. 

The grounds north of Greenland Mansion will 
accommodate 300 people. There is a spring in 
the woods near Reading Railroad and a public 
comfort for women and children in Greenland 
Mansion. 

The grounds near Beechwood Park Trolley 
Station are well shaded and will accommodate 
about 1,000 persons. Two springs will be found 
in Reading thicket east of the Park trolley road. 
Those north of Glenside Park Trolley Station 
will accommodate about the same number of per- 
sons, with a spring, shelter and public comfort 
for women in Belmont Glen. 

The Children's Playground in the vicinity of 
Sweet Briar Mansion is well patronized by pic- 
nickers. Refreshments can be procured at the 
mansion and the swings are located in grove op- 
posite. There are two pumps on the grounds, 
one at the mansion and another north • of the 
mansion, with two springs in the valley west 
of the mansion. Public comforts for men, women 
and children are southwest of the mansion. Girard 
avenue, Baring street and Lombard street cars 
are within five minutes' walk to Sweet Briar. 



PUMPS 

East Side of Schuylkill River. 
Pump, about 300 yards west of Oxford street 
entrance. 

32 



Pump, southwest corner of Dairy ball field in 
front of Mt. Pleasant Mansion. 

Pump, west side of Dairy ball field, north of 
Rockland Mansion. 

Pump, on walk opposite side of East Park 
Reservoir, near Ormiston Mansion, quarter mile 
from Diamond street entrance. 

Pump, west side of Edgeley ball field, opposite 
Randolph Mansion, a half mile west of Dauphin 
street entrance. 

Pump, on lawn, between Strawberry Mansion 
and Music Pavilion, 400 yards from York street 
entrance. 

West Side of Schuylkill River. 

Pump, on lawn, east side of William Penn 
House, near Thirty-seventh and Girard avenue, 
between Lansdowne and Girard avenue drives. 

Pump, east side of Sweet Briar Mansion, north 
of Lansdowne drive, opposite Thirty-eighth street 
and Girard avenue. 

Pump, on lawn, west of Sweet Briar Mansion 
and north of Lansdowne drive, a quarter mile 
northeast of Fortieth street entrance. 

Pump, on lawn, centre of Fountain avenue, 
between Belmont avenue and Fifty-second street 
drive, near west end of Centennial Lake. 

Pump, on lawn, southeast corner of Concourse 
Lake, 100 yards northwest of Belmont avenue en- 
trance. 

Pump, on sidewalk, north side of Belmont 
Mansion. 

Pump, on lawn, in grove, north side of Bel- 
mont drive, 150 yards east of Belmont avenue, 
near shelter shed. 



REFRESHMENT STANDS WHERE CAKES, 

CANDIES, ICE CREAM, CIGARS, TOBACCO, 

ETC., CAN BE PURCHASED 

East of Schuylkill River. 

Refreshment Stand, north of Public Aquarium, 
south of Lincoln Monument, one-third mile south- 
west from Fairmount avenue entrance. 

Refreshment Stand, Public Boat House, east of 
Boat House Row. 

Refreshment Stand, Columbia avenue entrance 
and Thirty-third street. 

Refreshment Stand at Mt. Pleasant Mansion, 
southwest corner of Dairy ball field. 

Refreshment Stand, in grove, 150 yards north- 
west from Dauphin street entrance and southwest 
of Woodford Guard House. 

West of Schuylkill River. 

Refreshment Stand, north side of Girard ave- 
nue, west of Lansdowne entrance, opposite Zoo- 
logical Garden. 

Refreshment Stand at Sweeft Briar Mansion, 
north side of Lansdowne drive, opposite Thirty- 
eighth street and Girard avenue. 

Refreshment Stand, south side of Lansdowne 
drive, 300 yards east of Belmont avenue, between 
Parkside avenue and Horticultural Hall, known 
as West Park Little Dairy. 

Refreshment Stand, on lawn, east of Return 
drive and Road Drivers' Club House. 

Refreshment Stand, Chamounix Mansion, 
northeast from north end of Speedway, top of 
Chamounix Hill and southeast from Chamounix 
Park Trolley Station. 

Refreshment Stand, top of George's Hill, short 

34 



distance northwest of Fifty-second street en- 
trance. 

Refreshment Stand, west side of Belmont 
Plateau, east of Belmont drive and north of 
Montgomery avenue. 



RESTAURANTS WHERE MEALS AND 

REFRESHMENTS CAN BE HAD AT 

ALL TIMES 

East Side of Schuylkill River. 

Lemon Hill Mansion, on hill, 500 yards south- 
west from Poplar street entrance. 

Strawberry Mansion, on bluff overlooking 
Schulkill River, opposite York street entrance. 

West Side of Schuylkill River. 

Public Comfort, on lawn, northeast corner of 
Belmont avenue and Parkside avenue. 

Belmont Mansion, facing Belmont Drive, one- 
eighth mile east of Belmont avenue, opposite to 
Belmont Park Trolley Station. 

Zoological Garden, southwest corner of Thirty- 
fourth and Girard avenue. 



LOCATION OF SHELTER SHEDS IN FAIR- 
MOUNT PARK, WHERE VISITORS CAN 
FIND SHELTER IN CASE OF STORM 

East of Schuylkill River. 

Lemon Hill, south of Girard Avenue Bridge 
and southwest of Poplar street entrance. Also a 
small shelter on west terrace of Lemon Hill, over- 
looking east river drive at lighthouse. 

36 



Old Fairmount Steamboat Landing, a short 
distance above Fairmount avenue. 

On lawn, southwest of east river drive, near 
Fairmount Water Works Forebay. 

Rustic shelter on lawn, south of east river 
drive, near Fairmount avenue entrance. 

Small shelter on terrace, west side of Fairmount 
Water Works Reservoir. 

Small shelter overlooking Fairmount Dam, near 
Public Aquarium. 

Lemon Hill Music Pavilion, southwest from 
Poplar street entrance. 

Lemon Hill Corousel, southwest from Poplar 
street entrance. 

Sedgeley Guard House, on hill south side of 
Girard avenue, opposite to Thirty-third street. 

P. R. T. Company Trolley Station, Thirty- 
third and Columbia avenue. 

About 100 yards west of the junction of Colum- 
bia avenue and Oxford street drives. 

Southwest corner of Dairy ball field, near Mt. 
Pleasant Mansion. 

Room on first floor of Ormiston Mansion, op- 
posite to northwest corner of East Park Reser- 



voir. 



Strawberrv Music Pavilion, vicinity of Straw- 
berry Mansion. 

Carousel, vicinity of Strawberry Mansion. 
West of Schuylkill River. 

Horse shed at Zoological Garden, west side 
of Thirty-fourth street drive, south of Girard 
avenue, for carriages and motor vehicles. 

West Park Guard House, northeast of Fifty- 
second street entrance, near Catholic T. A. B. 
Fountain. 



Music Pavilion, top of George's Hill, north- 
west of Fifty-second street entrance. 

West side of George's Hill drive, about 400 
yards northwest of George's Hill Music Pavilion.. 

Near junction of Belmont drive and Greenland 
drive, east of Belmont avenue and south of 
Junction Station on Park Trolley Road. 

East side of Greenland drive, about 400 yards 
north of the south entrance of the Speedway. 

Porch at Chamounix Barn, north end of Speed- 
way and south of Chamounix Park Trolley Sta- 
tion on top of Chamounix Hill. 

Porch at Chamounix Mansion, northeast of 
Chamounix Barn. 

South side of Belmont Plateau, north of Mont- 
gomery avenue drive. 

Rear of Belmont Mansion, between Belmont 
avenue and Belmont Mansion and south of Bel- 
mont drive. 

Belmont Glen, west of Park Trolley Barn and 
northeast on walk from Belmont Mansion. 

West Side of Wissahickon Creek. 

On pathside of Wissahickon Creek, picnic 
grounds, south of Hermit Lane Bridge. 

Wissahickon Hall, Wissahickon drive, one- 
quarter mile north of Ridge avenue. 

Small pavilions, Harvey street and Lincoln 
drive. 

Small pavilion, Walnut Lane and Lincoln 
drive. 

Small pavilion on hillside opposite Rittenhouse 
street. 

Small pavilion. Devil's Pool, east pathside of 
Wissahickon Creek, above Livezey's lane. 
37 



SPRINGS AND DRINKING FOUNTAINS 

East Side of Schuylkill River. 

Spring opposite Public Aquarium, Fairmount 
Water Works. 

Fountain under shelter, west side of main drive, 
opposite to Twenty-ninth and Brown streets. 

Lion's Head Fountain, foot of east end of 
Lemon Hill, opposite to Twenty-ninth and Brown 
streets. 

Spring on west side of main drive, near Fish 
Pond, opposite to Twenty-ninth and Brown 
streets. 

Spring, east side of east river drive, near statue 
of Lion Fighter, south of Girard avenue Bridge. 

Spring, east side of east river drive, in front 
of Spring Garden Pumping Station. 

Spring in rear of east end of Spring Garden 
Pumping Station, Thirty-third and Thompson 
streets. 

Ice Water Drinking Fountain, north side of 
Sedgeley Guard House, opposite Thirty-third and 
Girard avenue. 

Castle Spring, on bridle path, south of Smith 
Memorial Playhouse, a short distance southwest 
Columbia avenue and Oxford street drives. 

Lithia Spring, on bridle path, south of Smith 
Memorial Playhouse, a short distance southwest 
of Castle Spring. 

The Harrison Memorial Lithia Spring and 
Water Trough, east side of east river drive, be- 
tween Grant's Monument and Girard Avenue 
Bridge. 

Spring on Fountain Green drive, about 150 
yards in rear of Grant's Monument. 

Six Oaks Spring, head of Ormiston Valley, 



I 

one-quarter mile on direct line from Diamond 
street entrance. 

Edgeley Spring, on Edgeley Hill, about 200 
feet north of Dauphin street drive and about 400 
yards from Dauphin street entrance. 

Spring on east side of east river drive, about 
200 feet north of Columbia Bridge. 

Spring on east river drive, near west end of 
Ormiston Valley, between Columbia and Trolley 
Bridges. 

Spring, west end of Ormiston Valley, about 200 
feet east of east river drive. 

Iron Spring, east side of east river drive, about 
100 yards south of Trolley Bridge. 

Spring in rocks, east side of east river drive, 
near Strawberry Landing, about 50 yards north 
of Trolley Bridge. 

WlSSAHICKOX. 

Spring on footpath side of Wissahickon Creek, 
just north of Ridge avenue and south of 100 
steps leading to Freeland avenue. 

Spring on footpath side of Wissahickon Creek 
opposite Wissahickon Hall. 

Spring and water trough in front of Wissa- 
hickon Hall, one-quarter mile north of Ridge 
avenue. 

Two Springs on footpath side of Wissahickon 
Creek, near Log Cabin, south of Hermit lane. 

Spring, east side of Wissahickon drive, top of 
Greenwood Hill, above Hermit Lane Bridge. 

William Leonaidas Spring and Water Trough, 
east side of Wissahickon drive at Log Cabin. 

Indian Arrow Spring, east side of Wissahickon 
drive, near six mile stone below Rittenhouse 
street. 

Spring, footpath, east side of Wissahickon 

39 



Creek, between Blue Stone Bridge and Concrete 
Bridge. 

Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive, near 
Kidd's Hollow, between Concrete Bridge and 
Kitchen's lane. 

Pipe Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive, 
above Kitchen's lane, north of seven mile stone. 

Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive at 
Monastery avenue. 

Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive, north 
of Allen's lane. 

Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive, Valley 
Green Inn. 

Pro Bono Publico Spring, west side of Wissa- 
hickon drive, below Rex avenue. 

Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive, Rex 
avenue, opposite Indian Council Rock. 

Spring, west side of Wissahickon drive, just 
south of Thomas Mill road. 

Ornamental Spring, Cresheim Valley entrance. 

Spring in Cresheim Valley between Old Town- 
ship line and McCallum street. 

West Side of Schuylkill River. 

Spring, in valley west of Sweet Briar Man- 
sion. 

Spring, foot of steps, opposite Thirty-ninth 
street and Girard avenue. 

Two springs in Sweet Briar Valley, one at 
junction of Forty-first street and Lansdowne drive 
and one in valley further east, near connecting 
railroad bridge. 

Spring on Forty-first street drive (Old River 
Road) near Junction Railroad, north of Lans- 
downe drive. 

Spring, west side of west river drive, south of 
Old River Road, one-quarter mile south of Bel- 
mont Pumping Station. 

40 



Spring, east end of Lansdowne Valley, near Old 
River Road, short distance west of west river 
drive. 

Drinking fountain and water trough, east side 
of Belmont avenue, opposite Sunken Garden, 
one-eighth mile north of Parkside avenue. 

Harriet S. French Drinking Fountain, east side 
of Belmont avenue, south of Wynnefield drive. 

Spring, west end of Lansdowne Valley, east of 
Belmont avenue, on walk leading from Lansdowne 
drive to Horticultural Hall. 

Spring, Belmont Valley, east of Belmont ave- 
nue, just north of north side of Horticultural 
Hall. 

Spring, Belmont Plateau, near refreshment 
stand, just east of Belmont drive. 

Spring, north end of Centennial Lake, west of 
Belmont avenue, one-eighth mile north of Park- 
side avenue. 

Spring, west side of George's Hill, near Park 
Trolley Station, short distance northwest of Fifty- 
third and Parkside avenue. 

Spring, short distance south of Wynnefield 
drive and west of Belmont avenue. 

Spring, on lawn, west of Belmont avenue, south 
of George's Hill drive, short distance south of 
North Guard Box on Belmont avenue. 

Spring, east side of Belmont avenue, north of 
bridle path, short distance southwest of Belmont 
Mansion. 

Iron Spring, east side of Belmont avenue, south 
of bridle path, short distance southwest of Bel- 
mont Mansion. 

Spring, on cement walk, south of Belmont 
Mansion. 

Spring, Belmont Glen, near ladies' retiring 

41 



room, between Fairmount Park Trolley Station 
and Reading Railroad. 

Two springs, west side of bridle path, Reading 
thickets, near Beachwood Park Trolley Station. 

Spring, in valley, south of Park Sheep Barn 
and east of Return drive. 

Spring, in hollow, north of Park Sheep Barn, 
east of Return drive. 

Spring, Greenland drive, 300 yards southeast 
from junction of Greenland and Return drives. 

Spring, in woods, south of Chamounix Mansion, 
east of north end of Speedway. 

Spring, in woods, near Country Club Park Trol- 
ley Station. 

Spring and water trough, south side of City 
avenue, west end of City Avenue Bridge and east 
of Neil drive. 

Spring, Midvale avenue and Johnson's lane, 
north of Country Club Park Trolley Station. 

Spring, near lower Chamounix Lake, Chamou- 
nix Park Trolley Station. 

Spring, Ford road and Midvale avenue, about 
400 yards east of east end of Woodside Park. 

Drinking fountain and water trough, west side 
of west river drive, just south of Falls Bridge. 

Drinking fountain and water trough, west side 
of west river drive, just south of Columbia 
Bridge. 



LOCATION OF MEN'S RETIRING ROOMS 

Aquarium, east shore of Schuylkill River, 150 
yards north of Spring Garden Street Bridge and 
one-half mile west from Green street entrance. 

Andorra Nurseries, Wissahickon drive 75 yards 
below office of nurseries. 

Belmont Mansion, facing Belmont drive, one- 

42 



eighth mile east of Belmont avenue and opposite 
to Belmont Park Trolley Station. 

Belmont Mansion Grove, in rear of Belmont 
Mansion. 

Belmont Storehouse, west river drive, above 
Columbia Bridge. 

British Building, on Fifty-second street drive, 
about 1,000 yards northeast of Fifty-second street 
entrance. 

Chamounix Mansion, northeast from north end 
of Speedway, top of Chamounix Hill and south- 
west of Chamounix Park Trolley Station. 

Chamounix Barn, opposite to Chamounix Man- 
sion. 

East Park Public Canoe House, east river drive, 
south of Fairmount Park Trolley Bridge. 

George's Hill, north of Fifty-second street en- 
trance. 

Gorgas lane, south side of Gorgas lane, west 
of Wissahickon drive. 

Horticultural Hall, about one-third mile north- 
east from Belmont and Parkside avenues and 
about 500 yards east of Belmont avenue. 

Kitchen's Lane, west side of Wissahickon 
Creek, near west end of Kitchen's Lane Bridge. 

Lansdowne entrance, on hill northwest of west 
end of Girard Avenue Bridge. 

Lemon Hill, 500 yards southwest from Poplar 
street entrance. 

Mount Pleasant, southwest corner of Dairy 
ball field, two-thirds mile west of Columbia ave- 
nue entrance. 

Ormiston Mansion, on lawn, opposite northwest 
corner of East Park Reservoir, one-third mile 
west of Diamond street entrance. 

Old Fairmount Steamboat Landing, one-eighth 
mile southwest from Lincoln Monument. 

43 



Public Comfort, northeast corner of Belmont 
and Parkside avenues. 

Randolph Mansion, west side of Edgeley ball 
field on bluffs overlooking Schuylkill River, one- 
half mile west of Dauphin and Diamond street 
entrances. 

Strawberry Mansion, on bluffs overlooking 
Schuylkill River, about 400 yards west of Cumber- 
land street entrance. 

Sweet Briar, north side of Lansdowne drive, 
opposite to Fortieth and Girard avenue, one- 
quarter mile west of Lansdowne entrance. 

Tennis House, short distance southwest from 
Dauphin street entrance. 

Thomas Mill Road, east bank of Wissahickon 
drive, south of Thomas Mill road. 

Valley Green Inn, west side of Wissahickon 
drive, south of Springfield avenue. 

Walnut Lane, west side of Wissahickon Creek, 
opposite Morris street. 

Wissahickon Hall, east side of Wissahickon 
drive, one-quarter mile north of Ridge avenue. 

Woodford, about 100 yards northwest from 
Thirty-third and Dauphin streets. 



LOCATION OF WOMEN'S RETIRING ROOMS 

Aquarium, east shore of Schuylkill River, 150 
yards north of Spring Garden Street Bridge and 
one-half mile west from Green street entrance. 

Andorra Nurseries, Wissahickon drive, 75 yards 
below office of nurseries. 

Belmont Mansion, facing Belmont drive, one- 
eighth mile east of Belmont avenue and opposite 
to Belmont Park Trolley Station. 

Belmont Mansion Grove, in rear of Belmont 
Mansion. 

44 



British Building, on Fifty-second street drive,, 
about 1,000 yards northeast of Fifty-second street 
entrance. 

Chamounix Mansion, northeast from north end 
of Speedway, top of Chamounix Hill and south- 
west of Chamounix Park Trolley Station. 

Dauphin Street Entrance, Thirty-third and 
Dauphin streets. 

East Park Public Canoe House, east river drive, 
south of Fairmount Park Trolley Bridge. 

Fairmount avenue, on hill, east side of east 
river drive, above Fairmount avenue. 

Top of George's Hill, north of Fifty-second 
street entrance. 

Greenland, west end of Park Trolley Bridge. 

Gorgas lane, south side of Gorgas lane, west of 
YVissahickon drive. 

Horticultural Hall, about one-third mile north- 
east from Belmont and Parkside avenues entrance 
and about 500 yards east of Belmont avenue. 

Kitchen's Lane, west side of Wissahickon 
Creek, near west end of Kitchen's Lane Bridge. 

Lemon Hill, 500 yards southwest from Poplar 
street entrance. 

Lemon Hill Mansion, west porch of mansion, 
500 yards southwest of Poplar street entrance. 

Mount Pleasant, southwest corner of Dairy 
ball field, two-thirds mile west of Columbia ave- 
nue entrance. 

Ormiston Mansion, on lawn, opposite northwest 
corner of East Park Reservoir. 

Old Fairmount Steamboat Landing, one-eighth 
mile southwest from Lincoln Monument. 

Public Comfort Building, northeast corner of 
Belmont and Parkside avenues. 

Randolph Mansion, west side of Edgeley ball 
field on bluffs overlooking Schuylkill River, one- 

45 



half mile west of Dauphin and Diamond street 
entrances. 

Rockland, west side of Dairy ball field, between 
Mount Pleasant and Ormiston Mansions. 

Rhode Island Building, 500 yards north of line 
of Fifty-second street entrance. 

Strawberrv Mansion, on bluffs overlooking 
Schuylkill River, about 400 yards west of Cum- 
berland street entrance. 

Sweet Briar, north side of Lansdowne entrance, 
opposite to Fortieth and Girard avenue, one- 
quarter mile west of Lansdowne entrance. 

Sedgeley, 50 yards west of Sedgeley Guard 
House, Thirty-third and Girard avenue. 

Tennis House, short distance southwest from 
Dauphin street entrance. 

Thomas Mill Road, east bank of Wissahickon 
drive, south of Thomas Mill road. 

Thirty-seventh street, 100 yards north of Thir- 
ty-seventh and Girard avenue. 

Valley Green Inn, west side of Wissahickon 
Creek, south of Springfield avenue. 

Wissahickon Hall, east side of Wissahickon 
drive, one-quarter mile north of Ridge avenue. 



WILSTACH GALLERIES 

Wilstach Gallery, located in Memorial Hall, 
West Fairmount Park, was opened to the public 
July 4, 1893. Private ceremonies preliminary 
thereto were conducted the preceding day, the 
address of welcome being delivered by the late 
Justice Samuel Gustine Thompson, Chairman of 
Committee on Wilstach Gallery. 

By will dated July 31st, 1873, Anna H. Wilstach. 
widow of William P. Wilstach, bequeathed to 



the City of Philadelphia, under the control of the 
Commissioners of Fairmount Park, one hundred 
and forty paintings; also all her books on Art, 
Statuary, and the one-fourth part of her residuary 
estate, amounting to approximately $600,000. 

This bequest was accepted by the Commission- 
ers of Fairmount Park and in accordance with 
the will of Mrs. Wilstach was placed in Memorial 
Hall, Fairmount Park. 

In compliance with the desire of the testatrix, 
the collection is known as the W. P. Wilstach 
Collection, in memory of her husband. Only the 
interest of the money is used for the mainten- 
ance of the Gallery and the purchase of such 
paintings as the Committee shall deem advisable. 

Since the Fund has been at the disposal of 
the Committee, there have been acquired by pur- 
chase and gift three hundred and seventy-eight 
paintings, making a total of more than five hun- 
dred painting at the present time. 



FAIRMOUNT PARK AQUARIUM 

There are only five municipal aquaria open to 
the public in the United States, although there 
are others projected or under construction in 
some of the other progressive cities. Philadel- 
phia is one of the five municipalities that has this 
important and popular free educational and at- 
tractive institution, and is visited by nearly half 
a million people annually. 

Although only one room of the several de- 
signed for the display of live fishes and one for 
the hatching of fish eggs is finished, the Fair- 
mount Park Aquarium, as the institution is call- 
ed, is the second largest in point of glass surface 

47 



of the other existing aquaria. When finished, it 
will be at least equal in size to the famous aquar- 
ium, the largest in the world, in Battery Park, 
New York City. 

The Fairmount Park Aquarium is located near 
the Green and Spring Garden street entrances to 
the Park in the buildings formerly known as the 
Fairmount Water Works. 

No location more beautiful or better suited for 
acquarium purposes could have been selected. 
The rocky promontory of old Faire-Mount front- 
ing the east side of the buildings, the Schuylkill, 
which laps the walls on the west, and the wind- 
ing, hill-bound river to the northward, combine a 
picturesque scene as lovely as may be found in 
any other part of Pennsylvania. The buildings 
themselves, although when turned over to the 
Commissioners of Fairmount Park, were dilapi- 
dated from long neglect, are justly famed as ex- 
ceptionally fine American examples of Grecian 
architecture, and make a perfect picture in the 
setting of the surounding scenery. 

The forebay from a beautiful stone bridge to 
the lower end, has ben fitted up as a pool more 
than 200 feet long and over 75 feet wide as a 
seal pool, and here summer and winter a herd of 
sea lions give a vociferous and noisy welcome to 
the thousands that come weekly to see them fed 
and disport themselves in the water and on the 
rocks of the pool. 

The one room completed for the display of 
live fishes is the smaller of the two rooms for- 
merly containing the big turbine pumps that at 
one time supplied water for a great part of Phila- 
delphia. It is one hundred feet long and fifty 
feet wide, and contains 33 tanks, not counting a 
dozen in a hall that connects the main room with 

48 



another yet to be completed for aquarium pur- 
poses. 

Eventually the room now completed and open 
to the public during week-days from April to 
October from 9 A. M. until 5 P. M. and on Sun- 
days from 9 A. M. until 6 P. M., and from 
October until April on week-days from 9 A. M. 
until 4.30 P. M. and on Sunday from 9 A. M. 
until 5 P. M., is to be used exclusively for trop- 
ical sea water fishes. At present all types are 
on display. One side is devoted to fresh water 
fishes, and six of the eight centre tanks to sea 
water fishes. Here are displayed from eighty to 
nearly one hundred species of fish, from Key 
West, the Bermudas and West India Islands and 
from Pennsylvania, New Jersey and other States. 

Twenty-four of the twenty-five tanks around 
the sides are each seven feet long, five feet high 
and five feet deep and hold over 1,300 gallons of 
water. The twenty-fifth tank is twelve feet long, 
six feet high and six feet deep. The centre 
tanks are all about five feet long and two and 
one-half feet wide and deep. 

The sea water used in the Fairmount Park 
Aquarium is brought from far out in the ocean 
and is used over and over again, being filtered 
and aerated each time by ingenious processes 
behind the scenes. 

The incubator room is in a small building on 
the plaza, and is only open to the public from 
November to June, when the eggs of different 
fishes are available. The large hall in . what is 
known as the Groff Mansion is designed to be 
used in time for free lecture purposes. At pres- 
ent it is used to display the model of the new 
Art Gallery, which is to be placed on the summit 

49 



of old Faire-Mount where the water reservoirs 
used to be. 



COBB'S CREEK GOLF LINKS 

Public Course Under the Jurisdiction of the Com- 
missioners of Fairmount Park. 

The Public Golf Course offers an excellent 
opportunity for physical exercise and recreation, 
but no less an opportunity for the practice of 
self-control and self-government. The measure 
of self-control and self-government displayed by 
patrons of the links is the measure of excellence 
to be found in the service which the links offer. 

Rules. 

1. No player shall begin play except from the 
first Tee, and each player is limited to the use of 
one ball. 

2. Two players are not permitted to play with 
a single set of clubs. 

3. A single player must give way to a properly 
constituted match. 

4. No player shall play from the Tee until the 
players in front have played the second stroke 
and are out of range (200 yards), nor play up 
to the putting green, until the match in front 
have holed out and moved away. 

5. If a match fails to keep its place on the 
green and loses in distance more than one clear 
hole on those in front, it may be passed on 
request being made. 

6. Turf cut or misplaced must be carefully 
replaced and holes in bunkers filled up. 

7. Players wearing high heeled shoes will not 
be permitted to play on the course. 

8. Flag sticks must not 'be stuck in the ground, 

50 



but must be laid down and not thrown down or 
carelessly dropped. 

9. The rules of the United States Golf Asso- 
ciation will govern all competition and all players 
are requested to familiarize themselves with such 
rules. 

10. All trees on the course are hazards. Pen- 
alty for lifting the ball; medal play, two strokes; 
match play, loss of hole. 

11. Water stops are not hazards. The ball 
may be lifted and dropped without penalty within 
one club's length and not nearer the hole. 

12. Players must not touch the ground with 
the club in addressing the ball in a hazard. See 
Rule 11 of the U. S. G. A. 

Any person sixteen (16) years of age or over 
may play on the Public Golf Course in Cobb's 
Creek Park, if he or she has registered his or 
her name and address and paid a registration fee 
of One Dollar. Every person so doing shall 
receive a permit tag bearing a number good for 
one year, which must be exhibited each time the 
golf course is used by the player. Any person 
not having a permit tag will be required to pay 
fifty cents for the use of the golf course and 
club house accommodations for one day or part 
thereof. 

Every player shall exhibit the permit tag to 
the Caddie Master, who will keep a record of the 
player's number and issue him a score card, the 
number of which will govern the order of start- 
ing. 

On Saturdays, Sundays and holidays a bag line 
can be formed at the first tee up to 7.30 A. M., 
and score cards will be furnished these players 
by the Caddie Master, in the order of the bag 

51 



line. After 7.30 A. M. every player must reg- 
ister with the Caddie Master at his office. 

Any holder of a permit may obtain the use of 
a locker on payment of Ten Dollars per year. 



PLEASURE BOATS AND CANOES TO HIRE 

Public Boat House, east river drive, about one- 
half mile northwest of Green street entrance and 
opposite to Lincoln Monument. 

Strawberry Landing, east side of Schuylkill 
River, short distance north of the Trolley Bridge. 

Wissahickon Creek, opposite Wissahickon Hall. 

Wissahickon Creek, opposite to Log Cabin. 

Wissahickon Creek, at Valley Green Inn, south 
of Springfield avenue. 

Chamounix Lake, West Park, near Chamounix 
Park Trollev Station. 



THE ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN 

The Philadelphia Zoological Garden is the old- 
est institution of its kind in America; since it 
was opened to the public in 1874 it has been one 
of the principal attractions of the city. It is 
situated on the west bank of the Schuylkill River, 
fronting on Girard avenue, and is easily reached 
by way of the cars on this avenue and intersect- 
ing lines. 

The forty-one acres occupied by the Garden 
are part of Fairmount Park, but, since 1873, by 
agreement with the Commissioners, have been 
under the management of the Zoological Society 
of Philadelphia. 

This Society was incorporated in 1859 for the 

52 



purpose of public exhibition of living animals for 
the instruction and recreation of the people. 

The grounds are well laid out, the walks are 
comparatively dry in wet weather and shaded by 
many fine native and foreign trees. 

The animal houses and other enclosures are 
close together, making it an easy matter for 
those who desire to see the collections without 
loss of time. 

The buildings are substantial and well lighted 
and, at all times, are filled with typical specimens 
of the mammals, birds, reptiles and batrachians 
of the world, all of which are suitably labeled 
with their common and scientific names and 
habitats. 

In its effort to make the collections as educa- 
tional as possible, the Society has endeavored to 
exhibit representative species rather than series 
of those closely related to each other. 

Of particular interest among the American 
fauna are two magnificent specimens of the large 
Alaskan brown bears, five grizzlies from the 
Rocky Mountains, otter and California sea lions 
in large pools, mountain lions, bison, wapiti, white 
tail and other deer. 

The collection of monkeys is extensive and 
contains many rare species, including, at present, 
an unusuallv large chimpanzee and two rare 
gibbons. 

The Lion House contains all the larger cats 
as well as a number of smaller species not com- 
monly seen. 

The chief attractions in the Elephant House 
are an African rhinoceros, a pair of hippopota- 
muses and a Malayan tapir. 

In the Antelope House are to be found the 

53 



giraffe and many other species belonging to this 
wonderfully varied group. 

Among the other buildings may be mentioned 
the Small Mammal House, the Ostrich, Bird and 
Reptile Houses. There are also many small en- 
closures for raccoons, parcupines, prairie dogs, 
opposums, etc. 

The Aviaries contain good collections of native 
and foreign birds, which are supplemented by the 
many species of water and other birds found on 
the large lake and smaller ponds scattered 
through the Garden. 

The reptile collection, while comprehensive, 
is particularly rich in North American forms; 
here are the various species of rattlesnake as well 
as specimens of all the other poisonous snakes of 
this country; the gila monster of the deserts of 
the southwest, which, with the exception of a 
closely allied species in Mexico, is the one poison- 
ous lizard of the world. 

The Laboratory of the Garden, occupying a 
large two floor building, is the first of its kind 
in the world devoted exclusively to the study of 
wild animal pathology. Its objects are: first, 
for assistance in hygienic control of the Garden ; 
second, for the collection of statistics upon dis- 
ease in wild animals, and, third, for research. 

Anyone who is interested in the subject will 
be gladly welcomed at the Laboratory. 

The centrally located restaurant has a good 
reputation for well cooked meals at moderate 
prices. 

The Garden is open every day in the week, 
including Sunday, and as a place of recreation 
and study is not surpassed by anything our city 
has to offer. 

The renewal and extension of the collections 

54 



are mainly dependent on the receipts from ad- 
missions, which are 25 cents for adults and 10 
cents for children between 5 and 12 years of age. 



GENERAL ULYSSES S. GRANT 

The equestrian statue of General Ulysses S. 
Grant is of heroic size, was cast in bronze by 
Bureau Bros., at Philadelphia, and is placed on 
a pedestal of pale pink Jonesboro granite, design- 
ed by Frank Miles & Bro., in consultation with 
the sculptors. Its total height to the bronze plinth 
supporting the statue is 15 feet ZY\ inches. The 
pedestal is supported on a step, which supports 
a seat entirely surrounding the moulded base of 
the monument. On this rests the die, a plain 
mass of granite, diminishing towards the top 
with considerable' entasis, and crowned with a 
moulded cornice and neck mouldings. The die 
carries on its front a bronze wreath "surrounding 
the word "Grant." The height of the statue from 
bottom of plinth to top of rider's hat is 15 feet 
1 inch; the size of the plinth is 5 feet 6 inches, 
and the total weight of the statue is five tons. 

The total cost of the statue and pedestal was 
$32,675.35. Of this amount $9,000.00 was ex- 
pended for the construction of the pedestal, this 
sum having been voted by the City Councils of 
Philadelphia, and constituting a very generous 
contribution from the Municipal Government. 

The artists chose for their motive a moment 
when General Grant was surveying a battlefield 
from an eminence, intent upon the operation of 
the forces before him. The horse is merely obedi- 
ent to the will of the rider. In the figure of 
Grant has been given something of the latent 



force of the man, manifesting itself through per- 
fect passivity, and the sphinx-like character which 
has mystified all who have studied him has been 
portrayed. General Grant's costume and its ar- 
rangement were chosen from the few collections 
available, with a view to carrying out the im- 
pression as forcible as possible. General Fred- 
erick D. Grant is the authority for the long cape 
to the overcoat ; his father wore one much longer 
than was usual. The hat was also made on his 
authority. 

The model selected for the horse was the gray 
gelding, "General Grant," nineteen years old, 
whose sire was "Leopard," an Arabian stallion, 
presented to General U. S. Grant bv the Sultan 
of Turkey, in 1878. 

The unveiling took place in Fairmount Park, 
on Thursday, April 27th, 1899, and the cere- 
monies were participated in by His Excellency, 
William McKinley, President of the United 
States, members of his Cabinet, Mrs. U. S. Grant, 
the widow of General Grant, and members of her 
family, Major-General Miles and many distin- 
guished guests both in military and civic life. 



GRANT'S LOG CABIN 

The log cabin, now located on west side of 
main drive below Fairmount Park entrance, east 
end of Girard Avenue Bridge, near Thirty-third 
street, occupied by General U. S. Grant at City 
Point, Va., during the siege of Richmond, was 
the scene of the hospitable entertainments of 
many distinguished visitors, but none were more 
warmly welcomed than President George H. 
Stuart, of Philadelphia, then at the head of the 
56 



Christian Commission. At his disposal General 
Grant placed the famous log cabin, and left to 
him the choice of its future location, as will ap- 
pear from the following letter : 

Headquarters Armies of the United States, 
Washington, D. C, July 21, 1865. George H. 
Stuart, Esq., Philadelphia. My Dear Sir: Lieu- 
tenant-General Grant directs me to acknowledge 
the receipt of yours of the 20th inst. and to state 
that he is perfectly willing for the cabin in which 
he lived at City Point to be placed wherever you 
or the citizens of Philadelphia may prefer. 

He also directs me to state, in reply to your 
communication for a history of the cabin, and 
especially to your reference to a supposed council 
of war between President Lincoln, General Sher- 
man and himself, that he held no council of war 
at City Point, or any other place at any time ; 
that the interviews between Mr. Lincoln, General 
Sherman and himself, to which you allude, were 
rather insignificant than "momentous," and that 
the only conversation of any importance which 
did occur between them took place in a steam- 
boat. It consisted of General Grant's announce- 
ment that he intended to move out against Gen- 
eral Lee at a certain time, with his directions to 
General Sherman to co-operate in North Caro- 
lina. 

The cabin, however, you will permit me to 
say, has an interest beyond that to which, in 
General Grant's eyes, it seems entitled. It was 
built in November, 1864, so that the last four 
months of the rebellion, immediately prior to the 
great movements which resulted m its overthrow, 
were passed by him within its walls. Here he 
received the reports of his great subordinates al- 
most daily, and sent them each their orders and 



their rewards. There he watched Sherman's 
route as he came across the continent to the sea, 
and afterwards along his memorable march 
through the Carolinas; from here he despatched 
his instructions to Thomas, which resulted in the 
battle of Nashville and the discomfiture of Hood, 
so that concentration of any great force in front 
of Sherman was impossible. From here he 
directed Terrv in the operations which culminat- 
ed in the fall of Fort Fisher. From here he 
directed Sherman and Schofield, bringing one 
northward through the Carolinas, and the other 
eastward in dead winter across the north, and 
then sending him by sea to meet his great captain 
at Goldsboro, the co-operation being so complete 
that the two arrived, one from Nashville and the 
other from Savannah, on the same day. Here he 
received the rebel commissioners on their way 
to meet President Lincoln ; here he ordered Sheri- 
dan's glorious movements, whose importance in 
producing the last great result can hardly be 
overestimated ; from here he directed Canby in 
the campaign whose conclusion was the fall of 
Mobile ; from here he despatched Wilson and 
Stoneman on their final raids; here he received 
the President. General Sherman, General Sheri- 
dan, General Meade, and Admiral Porter, in an 
interview interesting beyond comparison in the 
meeting at the one time and place of so many 
men of such importance by their talents and their 
positions, and here the lamented Lincoln passed 
many of the latest hours of his life before its 
crowning success had been achieved; here the 
last orders for all these generals were penned 
before the commencement of the great campaign 
which terminated the war. 

These are reminiscenes which I have ventured 
58 



to recall, conscious that they must always be of 
transcending interest to the patriot and the his- 
torical student, although to the appreciation of 
my chief they seem, as he directs me to style 
them — insignificant. 

I am, my dear sir, with great respect, 
Your obedient servant, 

Adam Badeau, 
Brevet Colonel and Military Secretary. 



LOCATION OF BOAT HOUSES IN FAIR- 
MOUNT PARK 

The boat houses in Old Park, familiarly known 
as Boat House Row, are situated about one-half 
mile northwest of Green street entrance, com- 
mencing at Lincoln Monument, and extend north 
along the east bank of Schuylkill River to a 
point about one-half mile south of Girard Avenue 
Bridge, in following rotation : 

Public Boat House (under direction of Com- 
missioners of Fairmount Park). 

Fairmount Rowing Club. 

Quaker City Barge Club. 

Pennsylvania Barge Club. 

Crescent Boat Club. 

Bachelors' Barge Club. 

Philadelphia Barge Club. 

Universitv Barge Club. 

Malta Boat Club. 

Vesper Boat Club. 

College Boat Club (University of Pennsylva- 
nia). 

West Philadelphia Barge Club. 

Undine Barge Club. 

Philadelphia Skating Club. 

59 



Sedgeley Club. 

Philadelphia Barge Club (Anchorage), East 
River Drive, about 150 yards north of Falls 
Bridge. 

Undine Barge Club (Ringstetten), East River 
Drive, southwest from Ridge Avenue and School 
Lane. 

Bachelor's Barge Club (Button), East River 
Drive, southwest from Ridge Avenue and School 
Lane. 

Philadelphia Canoe Club, mouth of Wissa- 
hickon Creek, south of Ridge Avenue and Wissa- 
hickon Drive. 

Valley Green Canoe Club, east bank of Wissa- 
hickon Creek at Livezey's Lane. 

University Barge Club (Lilacs), northwest from 
west end of Park Trolley Bridge, near Lilacs 
Station of Park Trolley. 

Malta Boat Club (Willows), west of west River 
Drive, south of Baltimore & Ohio Railroad 
Bridge, at West Falls of Schuylkill. 

Montrose Boat Club, west bank of Schuylkill 
River, just north of west end of Falls Bridge. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS 

For the Government of Fairmount Park, Hunting 
Park, Burholme Park, Clifford Park, Cobb's 
Creek Park, Pennypack Park, Wisters's 
Woods, Morris Park, Fisher Park, Fernhill 
Park, Cloverly and Pastorious Park. 

RIDING AND DRIVING. 

1. No person shall drive or ride in the Parks 
at a rate exceeding seven miles an hour, except 
on the Speedway. 

2. No person shall ride or drive therein upon 

60 



any other part of the Parks than the avenues and 
roads. 

3. No vehicle of burden or traffic shall pass 
through the Parks except as hereinafter desig- 
nated. 

4. No dangerous horse or animal shall be al- 
lowed to enter or be within the limits of the 
Parks. 

5. No person shall lead a horse within the 
limits of the Parks that is not harnessed and 
attached to a vehicle or mounted by an equestrian, 
unless bridled and saddled and in charge of a 
mounted groom. 

6. No person shall ride or drive an animal not 
well broken and under proper control of the 
rider or driver, and. if such animal shall enter 
the Parks, it shall be removed promptly by the 
Guard. 

7. No person shall drive, ride, lead or bring 
into the Parks any horse without a bridle or re- 
move the same from the animal's head whilst in 
the Parks. 

8. No person shall bring into the Parks a horse 
or other animal with a card or sign, on which 
are the words "For Sale," attached to the har- 
ness or elsewhere. 

9. No person shall graze a horse or any other 
animal within the limits of the Parks. 

10. All horse-drawn vehicles in the Parks shall 
carry, between sunset and sunrise, a light on each 
side in a conspicuous position, so as to be readily 
seen, showing white in front, and red in the rear, 
at a distance of at least two hundred feet. 

11. No vehicle shall stand in any part of the 
Parks for the purpose of hire. 

12. No driver or operator of any vehicle shall 
solicit passengers in the Parks. 

61 



13. No wagon or vehicle of an undertaker hav- 
ing his name or business thereon shall pass 
through the Parks. 

14. No vehicle shall stand upon a drive or any 
part thereof, if by so doing it congests traffic or 
obstructs the road. 

15. No vehicle shall remain on a drive without 
a driver or attendant in charge of it. 

16. No horse or other animal, or a second horse 
and vehicle, shall be led on the roadways. 

17. No cattle, horses, sheep or hogs shall be 
driven over any bridge across the Schuylkill 
River within Fairmount Park, except Girard 
Avenue Bridge, nor over that bridge between 
the hours of 10 A. M. and 10 P. M. ; nor during 
the remaining hours in greater numbers than ten 
cattle or horses, or twenty sheep or hogs, at any 
one time. 

18. No vehicle shall stand on a drive at or near 
Belmont or Strawberry Mansion during the pro- 
gress of the concerts. 

19. No vehicle within the Parks shall display 
any flag, banner, or other device, that in any 
way may frighten horses. 

20. No person shall turn cattle, goats, swine, 
dogs, horses or other animals loose in the Parks. 

21. No person shall tie or hitch a horse or 
other animal in the Parks except at places desig- 
nated and set apart for such purpose. 

22. Belmont avenue within the Park limits may 
be used by vehicles of burden and funerals, as 
well as for general Park riding and driving. 

23. Until 2 o'clock P. M. funerals may pass 
over Thirty-fourth street drive northwardly to 
Girard avenue and thence eastwardly, but not 
westwardly. 

24. Every rider, driver, or operator of a vehicle 

62 



shall come to a full stop at the signal of a Guard 
or Ranger. 

MOTOR VEHICLES. 

Motor vehicles for the conveyance of passen- 
gers may use all the drives in the Parks, except 
Wissahickon drive north of its intersection with 
Lincoln drive, subject to the following regula- 
tions : 

1. Operators in charge of motor vehicles must 
be skilled in the management of such vehicles, 
and learners will not be permitted to operate on 
the Park drives. 

2. When horses become restive or frightened 
at the approach of a motor vehicle, the operator 
shall bring it to a full stop. 

3. Operators of motor vehicles must not sound 
the horn, bell or other signal device except on ap- 
proaching the intersection of drives or in order 
to avoid danger. 

4. Operators of motor vehicles must conform 
to the rules governing other vehicles in the Parks 
as well as all laws relating to motor vehicles. 

5. Motor cycles in the Parks, between sunset 
and sunrise, shall display one white light, and all 
other motor vehicles at least one white light on 
each side, visible for two hundred feet, in front, 
and one red light in the rear, but no motor 
vehicle shall display any light whose rays are 
concentrated by a reflector or condensing lense, 
unless it is so adjusted that no part of the re- 
flected or condensed beam of light shall strike 
the ground, when the car is on a level surface, 
at a distance of over two hundred feet from the 
car. 

6. No motor vehicle shall be used in the Parks 

63 



unless the registered number is conspicuously 
displayed on the back of the vehicle. 

7. Any motor vehicle for pleasure purposes, 
conspicuously displaying from the rear a motor 
vehicle registration tag of any State granting sim- 
ilar privileges to Pennsylvania motor vehicles, 
may pass through the Parks, subject to the gen- 
eral regulations applying to motor vehicles. 

8. No person shall operate a motor vehicle in 
the Parks, which emits from the exhaust or muf- 
fler offensive quantities of smoke or disagreeable 
odors. 

9. No vehicle, to whose wheels chains are at- 
tached, shall use any of the Park roads, except 
those covered with a bituminous or concrete sur- 
face. 

10. Operators of motor vehicles in passing ve- 
hicles or horses in the Parks shall leave an inter- 
vening space of not less than two feet between 
them and such vehicles or horses. 

BICYCLES AND TRICYCLES. 
Riders of bicycles and tricycles shall comply 
with all rules of the road, and, in addition there- 
to, shall be subject to the following regulations : 

1. Every machine must be provided with a bell, 
so arranged that it shall be under the complete 
control of the person riding the wheel and shall 
be distinctly heard at a distance of thirty (30) 
yards, sleigh bells, large gong bells and continu- 
ously ringing bells being prohibited. 

2. Every machine, while in motion after dark, 
must have a lighted lamp attached to the axle 
of the front wheel. The lamp must show a white 
light in front and a red light in the rear. Chinese 
lanterns are not permitted. 

3. Machines must not be stacked within twenty 
(20) feet of the driveways. 

64 



4. Not more than two machines shall be ridden 
abreast. 

5. Riding crosswise and curving to and fro is 
strictly prohibited. 

6. Children riding small machines may use the 
footwalks. 

7. Coasting within the limits of any Park is 
prohibited, and the rider must not take his hands 
off the handles. 

8. When a wheelman is unable to ride a hill 
or roadway in any Park, he must dismount and 
push his machine up the adjoining footpath, if 
one is available, until a suitable level is reached, 
where he may remount and proceed. 

9. In any case, where a bicycle or tricycle meets 
or overtakes any horse which may become restive, 
the wheelman shall take every precaution, by dis- 
mounting or otherwise, to avoid danger. 

10. In case of an accident, which cannot be re- 
paired at the time, the rider must leave the Park 
by the nearest exit. 

11. Blowing of horns, playing of musical in- 
struments of any kind, or having musical instru- 
ments, shades or awnings attached in any way to 
a bicycle or tricycle, is forbidden. 

12. Infants or children shall not be carried on 
bicycles in any manner whatever. 

13. A bicycle or tricycle shall not be towed by 
rope or otherwise. 

14. No person shall be permitted to learn to 
ride on the Park drives. 

SPEEDWAY. 

1. The use of the Speedway is restricted to 
light vehicles, known as buggies, runabouts, sur- 
reys, road carts, etc., seating not more than two 
persons and drawn by one or two horses. 

2. Fast driving shall be in one direction only. 

65 



from the southwestern or Belmont end to the 
northeastern or Chamounix end, from which 
point vehicles may return on the Speedway at 
not over seven miles an hour. 

3. The speed limit of seven miles an hour shall 
not apply to the Speedway, when used in con- 
formity with these regulations. 

4. Pedestrians must not cross the Speedway. 

5. Runniner horses, loud shouting or other bois- 
terous conduct is forbidden. 

6. No person shall sit or stand upon the fence 
at the side of the Speedway. 

7. No person on foot, excepting those officially 
engaged in the exhibition of speed, shall be al- 
lowed on the Speedway. 

ATHLETIC SPORTS. 

The portions of the Parks set apart for ball, 
croquet or other games are under the following 
regulations : 

1. No person shall engage in any play at base 
ball, cricket, shinney, foot ball, croquet or at any 
other game with ball and bat, nor shall any foot 
race or horse race be permitted within the limits 
of the Parks except on such ground, as shall be 
specially designated for such purpose, and the 
playing of games within twenty feet of any drive 
is orohibited. 

2. No person shall join in any game without 
the consent of the persons, of whom the game is 
composed, or in any manner disturb or interfere 
with the same. 

3. No person shall erect tennis nets or occupy 
any ground set apart for tennis, base ball, cro- 
quet, or other games for the purpose of holding 
the ground. 

4. No nerson shall play tennis unless wearing 
rubber-soled shoes. 



5. No person shall erect a net or play on a 
court until the flag is displayed from the flag- 
staff. The flag will not be displayed when the 
courts are not in condition. 

6. All games must start within thirty minutes 
after the tennis net has been erected or the play- 
ers shall forfeit the court. 

7. No person shall bat balls on any court. Only 
the regular game of tennis will be permitted. 

8. No person shall lounge in or around the 
locker houses or eat lunch therein. All persons 
must be out of the locker house within one-half 
hour after the flag has been lowered for the 
night. 

9. Clubs must pay a dollar per month for the 
use of a tennis locker. This fee is payable in ad- 
vance to the Captain of the Park Guard on the 
first day of the month. No locker will be given 
to any club unless it consists of eight or more 
members, all of the same sex. 

BOATING. 

1. No person shall use the shores of the river 
Schuylkill within the boundaries of Fairmount 
Park as a landing place for boats or keep thereat 
boats or floating boathouses for private use or 
hire, except by license or lease granted by the 
Commission, and only at places designated and 
under restrictions determined by said Commis- 
sion. 

2. All steamers, launches, row boats, canoes or 
barges going up the river shall keep to the east 
shore and those coming down the river to the 
west shore, except in the portion of the river 
immediately adjoining the tow-path along the 
west shore and between that and Belmont Island, 
where the Schuylkill Navigation Company law 
prevails. 

67 



3. No regatta or boat race shall take place 
within the boundaries of Fairmount Park without 
permission granted by the Commission. 

4. No person shall remove any of his clothing 
whilst on the Schuylkill river that may cause im- 
proper exposure. 

5. The carrying capacity of boats and canoes 
within the Park limits shall be as follows : 
Boats : 

12 feet long. 4 feet beam, two persons. 
14 feet long, 4 feet beam, three persons. 

14 feet long, 4 feet 6 inches beam, six persons 
(family boat). 

18 feet long, 3 feet beam, two persons (gig). 
Canoes : 

15 feet long, 30-inch beam, two persons. 

16 feet long, 30-inch beam, three persons. 

17 feet long, 31-inch beam, four persons. 

18 feet long, 31K>-inch beam, five persons. 

6. All launches, barges, row boats, sail boats. 
motor boats and canoes shall display a light from 
the bow after sunset, while in the stream with 
passengers on board, and shall in all other re- 
spects comply with the laws relating to such ves- 
sels. 

7. No boat or canoe shall be kept or used in 
Fairmount Park without a license from the Com- 
missioners, except boats of clubs belonging to the 
Schuylkill Navy or other recognized boat clubs 
holding leases or licenses from the Commission- 
ers. All such boats shall, when under way, be- 
tween sunrise and sunset, display the flags of 
their clubs. 

8. All boats and canoes, for which individual 



licenses are required, shall for identification pur- 
poses display the number inserted in the license 
on each side of the bow in figures at least 2 l / 2 
inches high. All persons violating this rule shall,' 
in addition to the usual line, forfeit permission 
to keep a boat or canoe within Park limits. 

All boats are subject to inspection at all times 
by an officer designated by the Captain of the 
Guard. 

All water closets or urinals must be kept sealed 
while in the Park limits. 

The depositing of cinders or refuse matter of 
any kind in the river is prohibited. 

The anchorage for boats will be designated by 
the officer in charge of the Guard Boat "Rescue." 

All boats and canoes for which licenses are 
required shall for identification purposes, display 
the number inserted in the license on each side 
of the bow of the boat in figures at least two and 
a half inches high. 

All steamers, launches, row-boats, canoes or 
barges going up the river shall keep to the east 
shore, and those Coming down the river to the 
west shore, except in the portion of the river 
immediately adjoining the tow-path along the 
west shore and between that and Belmont Island, 
where the Schuylkill Navigation Company law 
prevails. 

All persons violating these rules shall, in addi- 
tion to the usual fine, forfeit permit to keep a 
boat within Park limits. 

All boats must be equipped with exhaust muf- 
fler, and also with safety clutch if over two 
horse-power. 

69 



All permits granted by the Secretary or Chief 
Engineer shall be subject to Park rules and regu- 
lations, and the persons to whom such permits 
may be granted shall be bound by said rules and 
regulations as fully as though the same were in- 
serted in said permits, and any person or persons 
to whom such permits may be granted shall be 
liable for any loss, damages or injury sustained 
by any person whatsoever by reason of the negli- 
gence of the person or persons to whom such 
oermits may be granted, their servants or agents. 

ZOOLOGICAL GARDEN. 

1. No person shall injure, molest or disturb 
any animal under the care and control of the 
Zoological Society of Philadelphia within the 
Park limits. 

2. No person shall give or offer or attempt to 
give to any animal under the care of the Zoologi- 
cal Society of Philadelphia within the Park limits 
any tobacco or other noxious article or anything 
prohibited to be given to animals by printed 
notices conspicuously posted within the Zoological 
Garden. 



For the Government of Logan Square, Ritten- 
house Square, Washington Square, Independ- 
ence Square, Franklin Square, The 
Parkway, Palmer Park, Tacony 
Creek Park and The Boulevard. 

These Rules and Regulations also apply to all 
other parks under the control of the Fairmount 
Park Commission, in addition to the preceding 
Rules and Regulations contained on pages 11, 15, 
19, inclusive. 



PERSONAL REGULATIONS. 

1. No person shall enter or leave the Parks ex- 
cept by the entrances provided for the purpose. 

2. No oerson shall stand or lie down on a 
bench or seat in the Parks. 

3. No person shall enter a retiring house set 
apart for the use of the opposite sex. 

4. No person shall climb any tree or break, cut 
down, trample upon or remove or in any manner 
injure or deface any statue, ornament, tree, plant, 
shrub, fern, flower, flower bed, turf or any of 
the buildings, fences, bridges, or other construc- 
tion within the Parks ; nor shall any persons write 
on any building, structure, fence, rock or stone 
within the Parks. 

5. No person shall remove, disturb, interfere 
with or take any of the blossoms or fruit growing 
upon any tree, shrub or bush in the Parks. 

6. No person shall in anywise injure or foul 
any fountain or spring within the Parks. 

7. No person shall carry firearms or shoot 
birds in the Parks, or within fifty yards thereof, 
or throw stones or other missiles therein. 

8. No person shall annoy, strike, injure, maim 
or kill any animal either running at large or con- 
fined in a close in the Parks. 

9. No person shall disturb the fish or water 
fowl in the pools or ponds or birds, nests or 
eggs in any part of the Parks. 

10. No person shall go in to bathe within the 
Parks except at such places as may be designated 
by the Commissioners. 

11. When ice on the river or lakes becomes un- 
safe, the Park Guards shall warn all persons 
thereon to leave by sounding their whistles, or 

71 



otherwise, and all persons shall promptly leave 
the ice. 

12. No person shall sell or expose for sale any 
tickets of any kind in the Parks. 

13. No persons shall solicit alms or subscrip- 
tions in the Parks. 

14. No person shall solicit permission to photo- 
graph visitors, nor take the photograph of any 
person or persons without their consent. 

15. No gathering or meeting of any kind, as- 
sembled through advertisement, shall be permit- 
ted in the Parks without the previous permission 
of the Commission ; nor shall any gathering or 
meeting for political purposes be permitted under 
any circumstances. 

16. No person shall have any musical, theatri- 
cal or other entertainment therein, without the 
license of the Commission. 

17. No person shall sell or expose any article 
tor sale within the Parks without the previous 
license of the commission. 

18. No person shall take ice from any stream 
or lake within any Park without the previous 
license of the Commission. 

19. No carrousel, swing, or like amusement de- 
vice, shall be operated in the Parks on Sunday. 

20. No threatening, abusive, insulting or inde- 
cent language or anv conduct that may annoy 
others shall be allowed in the Parks. 

21. No gaming or any obscene or indecent act 
shall be allowed in the Parks. 

22. No intoxicating liquors shall be sold in the 
Parks. 

23. No person shall discharge any fireworks in 
the Parks without the previous license of the 
Commission. 

24. No persons shall throw any dead animal or 

iz 



offensive matter or substance of any kind into 
the river Schuylkill or other waters within the 
boundaries of any Park. 

25. No person shall scatter, drop or leave in 
any portion of the Parks, execpt in the receptacles 
provided for the purpose, any piece of paper, rag, 
garbage, dead flower, or other rubbish. 

26. No person shall injure, deface or destroy 
any notices, rules or regulations for the govern- 
ment of the Parks posted or in any other man- 
ner permanentlv fixed within the limits of the 
same. 

27. No placard, advertisement, public notice or 
personal card except Park notices, rules and 
regulations shall be distributed, posted or affixed 
in any manner in the Parks. 

28. No military or other parade or procession 
or funeral shall take place in or pass through the 
limits of the Parks without the license of the 
Commission. 

29. No street railway car shall come within the 
limits of the Parks without the license of the 
Commission. 

30. No person, without the authority of the 
Commissioners, shall light or permit a fire to 
burn in any of the Parks, and any one who dis- 
covers a fire in any Park shall at once notify the 
nearest Guard or Ranger. 

ARRESTS. 
The Park Guards and Rangers shall without 
warrant forthwith arrest any offender whom they 
may detect in the violation of any of the preced- 
ing rules and regulations, and take the person so 
arrested forthwith before a magistrate having 
competent jurisdiction, and they shall have at all 
times the right to enter the premises of the boat 
73 



houses or other buildings in the Parks for the 
purpose of arresting violators of Park rules and 
may use all necessary means to attain that end. 

PUNISHMENT. 
Any person who shall violate any of the fore- 
going rules or regulations shall be guilty of a mis- 
demeanor and for each and every such offense 
shall pay a fine of five dollars, to be recovered 
before any magistrate of the City of Philadelphia 
as debts of that amount are recoverable, which 
fine shall be paid into the City Treasury for Park 
purposes. 

PERMITS. 

All permits issued by the Secretary or Chief 
Engineer shall be subject to Park rules and regu- 
lations and the persons to whom such permits 
may be granted shall be bound by said rules and 
regulations as fully as though the same were in- 
serted in said permits, and any person or persons 
to whom such permits may be granted shall be 
liable for any loss, damage or injury sustained 
by any person by reason of the negligence of the 
person or persons to whom such permits may be 
granted, their servants or agents. 

CROSS COUNTRY RUNNING. 

Permits for cross country running are granted 
upon application at office of Commission under 
the following rules : 

1. Cross country running is permitted from 
sunrise to sunset on every day except Sunday. 

2. Cross country meets may be held upon the 
securing of a special permit designating the time 
and route. 

3. The sleeves of running costumes shall reach 

74 



to the elbows, and the legs of breeches to the - 
knees. 

Provideds That there be no interference with* 
the rights of pedestrians and others. 

By order of the Commissioners of Fairmount 
Park. 

E. T. STOTESBURY, President. 
Attest : 
Thomas S. Martin, Secretary. 



REGULATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF 
STREET TREES 

1. No tree shall be pruned, sprayed, planted 
in, cut down or removed from any highway in 
the City of Philadelphia without authority from 
the Commissioners of Fairmount Park. 

2. No person shall climb upon, cut, break, bark 
or otherwise injure or disturb any tree, tree- 
guard or support thereof on any highway in the 
City without authority from said Commissioners. 

3. No person shall fasten any horse or other 
animal to any tree, tree-guard or support thereof, 
or leave anv animal, fastened or unfastened, 
within reach of any tree, tree-guard or support 
thereof on any highway in the City. 

4. No person shall attach any guy-rope, cable, 
wire or other fixture to any tree, tree-guard or 
support thereof on any highway in the City. 

5. No person shall fasten or maintain any 
placard, sign, advertisement or other notice on 
any tree, tree-guard or support thereof on any 
highway in the City. 

6. No person shall deface, injure or remove 
any copy of the Regulations for the Protection 

75 



of Street Trees or other notice posted on any 
highway or other public place in the Citv by 
authority of the Commissioners of Fairmount 
Park. 

7. No pavement of any kind shall be laid within 
a space of three feet by four feet around any 
street tree, and no stone, gravel, cement, lumber 
or other material shall be deposited upon such un- 
paved area. Such unpaved space must be main- 
tained permanently and continuously about the 
base of the trunk of each street tree. 

8. Every nerson or corporation violating any 
of the foregoing regulations shall pay a fine or 
penalty of five dollars for each and every of- 
fense, to be recovered before any Magistrate of 
the City of Philadelphia as debts of that amount 
are recoverable, and said fine or penalty, if not 
paid to said Magistrate, shall become a lien on 
the real property of the offender and be col- 
lectable as provided by law. 

These regulations, having been approved by the 
Select and Common Councils of the City of Phila- 
delphia and duly published, have now the force 
of law. 



AN ORDINANCE 

To approve regulations for the location, size and 

use of buildings along the Parkway. 

Approved March 21. 1917, as amended by ordi- 
nance approved July 10, 1917. 

Section 1. The Select and Common Councils 
of the City of Philadelphia do ordain, That the 
following "regulations, made by the Fairmount 
Park Commission, for the location, size and use 
of buildings along the Parkway, a public place 

76 



under its care and management, are hereby ap- 
proved : 

BUILDING REGULATIONS. 
For the Parkway between Broad street and 
Eighteenth street. 
No building, any portion of which may come 
within the boundary lines of the Parkway between 
Broad street and Eighteenth street, or within 
two hundred feet therefrom, shall hereafter be 
erected, altered or used except in conformity with 
the following regulations : 

1. The main cornice line of every such build- 
ing, except a church, fronting on or facing toward 
the Parkway shall not exceed in height above the 
street level three times the width of its facade 
fronting on or visible from any point within the 
boundaries of the Parkway or in any event two 
hundred feet and no other portion of said build- 
ing, except pediment or attic wall, shall exceed the 
height of said cornice, unless the portion or por- 
tions above said cornice line shall recede from 
the plane of each facade of said building at 
least as far as said portion or portions extend 
above said line. No portion of such building, 
except a church, shall in any case exceed two 
hundred and forty-five feet in height above the 
street level. 

2. No such building erected on a lot abutting on 
the Parkway shall be used for a stable, a garage 
or for any manufacturing purpose or for the dis- 
play of a bill-board or roof sign. 

3. No such building shall be erected or altered, 
until the plans therefor have been approved by 
the Art Jury, and no sign, notice or advertise- 
ment of any kind, visible from any point within 
the boundaries of the Parkway, shall be displayed 

77 



thereon, unless the design and location of said 
sign, notice or advertisement have been similarly 
approved. No permit for such erection or altera- 
tion shall be issued, until the approval of the 
Art Jury has been obtained, and the erection or 
alteration shall conform to the design, location 
and plans approved. 

BUILDING REGULATIONS 
For the Parkway and Logan Square between 
Fair mount Park and Eighteenth street 
No building, any portion of which may come 
within the boundary lines of the Parkway or 
Logan Square between Fairmount Park and 
Eighteenth street or within two hundred feet 
therefrom, shall hereafter be erected, altered or 
used except in conformity with the following 
regulations : 

1. The main cornice line of every such building, 
except a church, shall not exceed in height above 
the street level width of its facade fronting on 
the Parkway Drive or facing toward the Park- 
way or Square or in any event eighty feet, and no 
other portion of said building, except pediment 
or attic wall, shall exceed the height of said 
cornice, unless the portion or portions above said 
cornice line shall recede from the plane of each 
facade of said building at least as far as said 
portion or uortions extend above said line. No 
portion of such building, except a church, shall 
in any case exceed one hundred feet in height 
between Fairmount Park and the Crescent or one 
hundred and sixty feet in height between the 
Crescent and Eighteenth street. 

2. No such building erected within the boundary 
lines of the Parkway or Square or on a lot 
abutting thereon shall be used for a stable, a 

78 



garage or for any manufacturing, industrial or 
commercial purpose or for the display of a bill- 
board or roof sign. 

3. No such building shall be erected or altered, 
until the plans therefor have been approved by 
the Art Jury, and no sign, notice or advertisement 
of any kind, visible from any point within the 
boundaries of said Parkway or Square, shall be 
displayed thereon, unless the design and location 
of said sign, notice or advertisement have been 
similarly approved. No permit for such erection 
or alteration shall be issued, until the approval 
of the Art Jurv has been obtained, and the erec- 
tion or alteration shall conform to the design, 
location and plans approved. 

Sect. 2. The Fairmount Park Commission may. 
in its discretion, pending the completion of the 
Parkway, extend the time within which any such 
building, now actually used for a stable, a garage, 
or for any manufacturing, industrial or commer- 
cial purpose, may continue to be so used. 

Sect. 3. Any owner, tenant or occupant of a 
building, responsible for its erection, alteration 
or use in violation of any of the foregoing regula- 
tions, shall be liable to a penalty of not less than 
five dollars nor more than twenty-five dollars, to 
be recovered for the use of the City before any 
magistrate as debts of like amount are now recov- 
erable, and, if the portion of such building erect- 
ed, altered or used or the sign, notice or adver- 
tisement displayed in violation of any of said 
regulations is not removed within five days after 
the imposition of the penalty, the person offend- 
ing shall be liable to a further penalty of twentv- 
five dollars a day, to be recovered as aforesaid, 
for every dav after the expiration of said period 
of five days, during which such portion of the 

79 



building, sign, notice or advertisement remain: 
unremoved. 



RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING 
STREET TRAFFIC 



Traffic Regulation Effective August 7, 1916 
DEFINITIONS 

(a) The term street shall apply to that part 
of a public highway intended for vehicles. 

(b) The term curb shall mean the lateral 
boundary of that portion of the street designated 
for the use of vehicles, whether marked by curb- 
stone or not. 

(c) The term horse includes all domestic ani- 
mals. 

(d) The term driver includes the rider, driver 
or leader of a horse, and the operator of a motor 
vehicle or street car. 

(e) The term vehicle includes equestrians, 
horses hitched to a vehicle, and everything, in- 
cluding gasoline and electric cars, on wheels or 
runners, except street cars, invalid chairs and 
baby carriages. 

CAUTION PEDESTRIANS. DRIVERS OR 
OPERATORS OF VEHICLES 

The roadbeds of highways and streets are pri- 
marily intended for the use of vehicles, but the 
pedestrians have the right to cross them. Pedes- 
trians should, on their part, never step from the 
sidewalk to the roadbed without first looking to 
see what is approaching, and should cross the 
street at right angles, and only at street intersec- 
80 



tions. Drivers or operators of vehicles should 
drive slowly and cautiously when crossing street 
intersections or making turns. 

TRAFFIC SIGNS 
Drivers and operators of vehicles are cautioned 
to observe the instructions on the official traffic 
signs. These signs designate parking spaces, one 
way traffic streets, safety zones, and the different 
traffic lanes where congestion makes it necessary 
to use rope guides. 

RULES AND REGULATIONS GOVERNING 
STREET TRAFFIC 

Keep to the Right. — A vehicle, except when 
passing a vehicle going in the same direction, shall 
keep to the right and as near the right-hand curb 
as possible (except on streets where traffic is 
only in one direction). 

Vehicles Passing Each Other. — All vehicles, 
overtaken by others, which latter are traveling at 
the legal rate of speed, must, when signalled to do 
so, turn to the right of the center of the street, 
leaving a free passage to the left for the more 
swiftly moving vehicles, and the operator of the 
faster vehicle must pass to the left. 

Pass to the Right. — A vehicle passing another 
coming from opposite direction, shall pass to the 
right. 

Hauling or Trailing Vehicles. — No person 
or persons shall attach more than one vehicle to 
be trailed after or propelled by any other vehicle 
operated by any form of engine, motor, mechan- 
ical or animal power, and no greater distance than 
20 feet shall exist between the vehicle towed or 
propelled and the towing or propelled vehicle. 

Right-Hand Turn.— A vehicle turning into 

81 



another street to the right shall turn the corner 
as near the right-hand curb as practicable. 

Left-Hand Turn. — A vehicle turning into an- 
other street to the left shall turn around the in- 
tersection of the center lines of the two streets. 

Turning in Street. — A vehicle crossing from 
one side of the street to the other on streets where 
there is two-way traffic shall head in the same 
direction as the traffic on that side of the street. 

Note. — Such turn should not be made at the 
street intersections. 

Divided Streets. — Vehicles shall keep to the 
right on all avenues and streets divided by a park- 
way, rope guides, walk, sunken-way or viaduct, 
such as the Parkway and City Hall Square. 

Stopping.; — No vehicle shall stop with its left 
side to the curb, except it be on a one-way traffic 
street. 

Stop at White Lines. — Where streets are 
marked with white lines from curb to curb, all 
vehicles must stop on the near side of white 
lines when travel at right angles has right of way. 

Stop at Signal. — All vehicles must stop at 
signal of police officer who is in uniform, or ex- 
hibits badge, or other sign of authority. 

Stop Only at Curb. — No vehicle snail stop in 
any public street, except close to the curb (or 
in the place designated for parking), except in an 
emergency or to allow another vehicle or a pedes- 
trian to cross its path. 

Don't Back to Turn. — No vehicle shall back to 
make a turn in any street, if by so doing it inter- 
feres with other vehicles, but shall go around the 
block or to a street sufficiently wide to turn with- 
out backing. 

Slow Vehicles to Curb Line. — On two-way 

82 



streets the heavy and slow vehicles shall keep 
close to the right-hand curb. 

Passing Trolley Cars. — On all streets having 
a single track, vehicles desiring to pass a street 
car stopped on the near side of street intersec- 
tion must move to the left of said street car 
(except where the traffic officer directs other- 
wise). 

No vehicle will be allowed to pass to the left 
of a street car on streets having double tracks. 

Whenever a trolley car stops at any street 
crossing in the City of Philadelphia for the pur- 
pose of taking on or discharging passengers, all 
vehicular traffic at said crossing, upon the street 
where said car is stopped, shall stop with said 
trolley car, and the vehicular traffic shall not again 
proceed until any passenger who may have alight- 
ed shall have reached the side of the road, or 
any person about to board 'the car shall have done 
so, or until the car has moved; unless officer on 
duty directing traffic gives signal for such traffic 
to proceed. 

Driving on Sidewalk. — No vehicle shall emerge 
from an alley, stable, garage or other area or 
building abutting on a sidewalk at a pace faster 
than a walk. 

Don't Stop on Crossings. — Vehicles must stop 
in such a way as not to interfere with the pass- 
age of pedestrians at the crossing ; no part of the 
horse or vehicle shall project within five feet of 
the crossing. 

Curtains on Vehicles. — No one in any street 
or highway shall drive a vehicle that is so cover- 
ed in or constructed as to prevent the driver 
thereof from having sufficient view of the traffic 
at the sides and in front of such vehicle. 

Overloaded Vehicles. — No one shall load any 

83 



vehicle with ashes, coal, mortar, snow or similar 
material so that the matter is scattered along the 
streets. Drivers of such wagons are liable to 
arrest. 

Advertising Vehicles. — Vehicles used exclu- 
sively or principally for advertising are prohibited 
in the congested districts. 

Driving Under 16 Years. — No one shall drive 
a public numbered, licensed or business vehicle 
who is less than sixteen years of age, unless 
specially licensed. 

Riding on Back of Vehicles. — No one shall 
ride on the rear end of any vehicles without the 
consent of the driver, and when riding no part 
of the person's body shall protrude beyond the 
limits of the vehicle. 

Give Name and Address. — In case of injury 
or damage to person or property, due to the 
operation of a vehicle, the operator or driver 
of the said vehicle shall stop. and. upon the re- 
quest of the person injured, or any one present, 
give his name and address and that of the owner 
of the vehicle. 

CONTROL OF HORSES AND VEHICLES 
Horse Without Bit. — No horse shall be un- 
bitted in any street or highway unless secured by 
a halter. 

Driver with Two Teams. — No person shall 
ride or drive or have the care of two or more 
horses harnessed respectively to different ve- 
hicles. 

Keep Hold of Reixs. — No one shall let go of 
reins while riding, driving or conducting a horse 
or horses, nor when not riding cease from walk- 
ing by the head or the shaft of the wheel horse, 
either holding or keeping within reach of the 
bridle or halter of the said horse or horses. 



SIGNALS AND HORNS 

Traffic Whistle Signal. — One blast of the 
police whistle indicates North and South traffic 
shall stop and the East and West traffic may 
proceed. Two blasts that East and West traffic 
shall stop and the North and South may pro- 
ceed. 

Traffic Arm Signal. — Patrolmen when halt- 
ing traffic will face the line of traffic to be halted, 
extend the arms at an angle of 90 degrees, with 
the palm of the hand outward. When the traffic 
has stopped the arms will be dropped to the side. 

To start traffic, officer shall face in the direc- 
tion in which traffic is to move, raise his arm at an 
angle of 90 degrees, swing it to the front and 
center of his body, then drop it quickly to his 
side. 

Drivers to Signal. — If a driver wishes to stop 
or change the direction of his vehicle, he must, 
at a point 10 feet from where he intends to stop 
or turn, extend his arm beyond the outside limit 
of his vehicle in a horizontal position. 

Fire Apparatus Signal. — Three or more blasts 
of the whistle are the signal of alarm and indi- 
cate the approach of a fire engine or give warn- 
ing of some danger. 

Unnecessary* Noise. — No unnecessary sound- 
ing of bells, horns or signals, must be made. 

Muffler cut-outs arc prohibited. 

Sounding Horns. — Every operator of a motor 
vehicle shall sound his horn when overtaking anv 
person, horse, vehicle or other animal thereon 
upon a highway, and also shall sound his horn 
when approaching a street crossing, when round- 
ing a curve or corner, or places where any sign 
appears, such as 

'DAXCtER— BLOW YOUR HORN." 



A visible or audible signal shall be given by all 
vehicles when turning while in motion, or in 
starting to turn from a standstill, indicating the 
direction in which the turn is to be made. 
SPEED 

Speed Limit in City. — Fifteen miles per hour 
is the speed limit throughout the City of Phila- 
delphia on all highways on which signs which 
read as follows have been placed: "Danger; Run 
Slow." "End of Fifteen Mile Limit." 

Right of Way. — Police, fire department, fire 
patrol, traffic emergency repair, United States 
mail vehicles and ambulances for persons and 
animals shall have the right of way in any street 
and through any procession. 

Fire Engines. — The driver of a vehicle, on the 
approach of a fire engine .or other fire apparatus, 
shall immediately draw said vehicle as near as 
practicable to the right-hand curb, and parallel 
thereto, and bring it to a standstill. 

Trolley Cars to Stop. — The driver of a street 
car shall immediately stop the car between inter- 
secting streets, and keep it stationary upon the 
approach of a fire engine or other apparatus. 

Turn Out of Track. — The driver of any ve- 
hicle proceeding upon the track in front of a 
street car shall turn out upon the signal by the 
motorman or driver of the car. 

Trolley Cars 10 Feet Apart. — During block- 
ades and stoppages a clear space of 10 feet shall 
be kept open between all street cars. 

Streets 12 Feet. — In all streets, lanes and al- 
leys where the cartway is less than 12 feet wide 
all vehicles must enter or pass over the same 
as follows : In those running North and South 
the direction of the traffic shall be from NORTH 
TO SOUTH exclusively, and in those running 

86 



EAST AND WEST the direction of the traffic 
shall be from EAST TO WEST exclusively. 
LIGHTS ON VEHICLES 

Blinding Lights Prohibited. — Every automo- 
bile must have two white lights visible not less 
than 200 feet away, in direction in which auto- 
mobile is proceeding. 

Every motorcycle must have one white . light 
visible not less than 200 feet away, in direction 
in which motorcycle is proceeding. 

No light must be used which blinds or dazzles 
other users of the highway. 

Vehicle and Bicycle Lights. — All vehicles and 
bicycles must carry between sunset and sunrise 
a light or lights in a conspicuous position, so as 
to be readily seen from the front. 

Rear Lights. — The light of the rear signal lamp 
must be thrown on the rear license tag; and the 
said license tag must be kept clean from oil, grit 
and mud. 

PARKING OF VEHICLES. 
(Ordinance approved July 27, 1916.) 
No vehicle is permitted to remain on the fol- 
lowing highways of the City of Philadelphia 
longer than the time actually necessary for load- 
ing and unloading passengers and merchandise 
between the hours of 9 o'clock A. M. and 6 
o'clock P. M. : On Broad street, from Race to 
Spruce street; on Walnut street, from Twelfth 
to Sixteenth street; on Chestnut street, from 
Eleventh to Sixteenth street; on Fifteenth street, 
from Filbert to Walnut street; on Juniper street, 
from Filbert to Walnut street; on Market street, 
from Broad to Fifteenth street; on Filbert streets, 
from Juniper to Fifteenth street, and on South 
Penn Square, from Juniper to Fifteenth street. 

87 



15-Minute Limit. — Vehicles must not remain 
on the following highways of the City of Phila- 
delphia longer than fifteen minutes at any time of 
the day : On Market street, from Fifteenth to 
Seventeenth street ; on Market street, from Sev^ 
enth to Juniper street; on Arch street, from Sev- 
enth to Fifteenth street ; on Chestnut street, from 
Seventh to Eleventh street; on Chestnut street, 
from Sixteenth to Seventeenth street, and on 
Walnut street, from Seventh to Twelfth. 

30-Minute Limit. — No vehicle at any time of 
day shall be permitted to remain on the follow- 
ing highways of the City of Philadelphia for a 
longer period than thirty minutes: On Market 
stredt, from Seventh street to Delaware avenue : 
on Market street, from Seventeenth to Nine- 
teenth street ; on Chestnut street, from Seventh, 
street to Delaware avenue; on Chestnut street. 
from Seventeenth to Nineteenth street: on Wal- 
nut street, from Seventh street to Delaware ave- 
nue; on Broad street, from Race to Callowhill 
street; on Twelfth street, from Walnut to Arch 
street ; on Thirteenth street, from Walnut to 
Arch street ; on Sixteenth street, from Locust 
bo Arch street; on Filbert street, from Eleventh 
to Juniper street; on Fifteenth street, from Wal- 
nut to Spruce street ; on Locust street, from 
Broad to Fifteenth street, and on Spruce street. 
from Broad to Fifteenth street. 

1-Hour Limit. — No vehicle, at any time of the 
day, shall be permitted to remain on the follow- 
ing highways of the City of Philadelphia for a 
longer period than one hour: On Filbert street. 
from Seventh to Eleventh street; on Walnut 
street, from Sixteenth to Twenty-third street ; on 
Chestnut street, from Nineteenth to Twenty-third 
street; on Market street, from Nineteenth to 



Twenty-third street; on Front street, from Arch 
to Walnut street; on Second street, from Arch 
to Walnut street; on Third street, from Arch to 
Walnut street; on Fourth street, from Arch to 
Walnut street; on Fifth street, from Arch to 
Walnut street ; on Sixth street, from Arch to 
Walnut street; on Seventh street, from Arch to 
Walnut street ; on Eighth street, from Arch to 
Walnut street ; on Ninth street, from Arch to 
Walnut street; on Tenth street, from Arch 
to Walnut street; on Eleventh street, from 
Arch to Walnut street; on Seventeenth street, 
from Arch to Walnut street ; on Eighteenth 
street, from Arch to Walnut street ; on Nineteenth 
street, from Arch to Walnut street; on Twen- 
tieth street, from Arch to Walnut street; on 
Twenty-first street, from Arch to Walnut street; 
on Twenty-second street, from Arch to Walnut 
street, and on Twenty-third street, from Arch 
to Walnut street. 

Park Close to Right Curb. — Wherever vehicu- 
lar travel moves in one direction only on any of 
the highways mentioned in the foregoing sec- 
tions of this ordinance, no vehicle shall be per- 
mitted to remain on said highway during the 
time or times mentioned in this ordinance, other- 
wise than close to the right-hand curb of said 
highway, and facing in the direction in which 
vehicular travel moves. 

The provisions of this ordinance shall not in 
any manner interfere with any regulations pre- 
scribed by any ordinances of the Councils of the 
City of Philadelphia relating to markets or to 
stands for hackney coaches or other vehicles, nor 
shall this ordinance apply to any vehicle engaged 
in loading or unloading goods, wares and mer- 
chandise on the highways mentioned herein, pro- 



vided such vehicle or vehicles remain on the said 
highways only for so long a time as may be nec- 
essary for the transacting the business in which 
they are actually engaged. 

Penalties. — Any person, firm or corporation 
violating anv of the provisions of this ordinance 
shall be subject to a fine of twenty-five (25) dol- 
lars for the first offense, fifty (50) dollars for the 
second offense, and one hundred (100) dollars 
for each subsequent offense. The said fines shall 
be levied and collected as like fines are now 
levied and collectd by law, and any police officer 
of the City of Philadelphia is hereby authorized 
to arrest the owner, driver or persons in charge 
of any said' vehicle for any violation of any of the 
provisions of this ordinance. 

Definition. — The words "any time of the day" 
will be interpreted by the department to mean the 
hours between 9 A. M. and 6 P. M. 




m 



The Motor Vehicle 
Laws of Penna. 

TOGETHER WITH THE 

TRAFFIC RULES 




INCLUDING ALL ACTS AMEN- 
DATORY THEREOF AND SUP- 
PLEMENTAL THERETO, TO 
THE END OF THE LEGISLATIVE 
SESSION OF 1919 



No. 75. 
AN ACT 

To prevent the felonious taking and stealing of 
motor vehicles, and the receiving and purchas- 
ing of stolen motor vehicles. 

Section 1. Be it enacted, etc., That if any 
person shall feloniously take or steal any motor 
vehicle, or shall be an accessory thereto before or 
after the fact, or shall receive or purchase any 
motor vehicle knowing the same to have been 
stolen, the person so offending shall be guilty of 
a felony, and upon conviction thereof shall be 
sentenced to pav a fine not exceeding Jive thou- 
sand dollars, and to undergo imprisonment by 
separate or solitary confinement at labor not ex- 
ceedings ten years. 



Xo. 107. 
AN ACT 
Relating to and regulating the use and operation 
of motor vehicles and vehicles propelled by or 
trailing after motor vehicles requiring the reg- 
istration of the same and the licensing of all 
operators thereof providing the fees therefor 
and the disposition of such fees prohibiting 
the unauthorized use of and tampering with 
motor vehicles limiting and defining the powers 



of cities, boroughs, incorporated towns, town- 
ships and counties as to the regulation of the 
use and equipment of motor vehicles and the 
taxing, registration or licensing thereof; im- 
posing certain duties on the State Highway 
Commissioner and on proprietors of public 
garages, providing procedure and penalties for 
violations thereof and the disposition of fines 
collected and regulating the service of process 
and proceedings in actions for damages arising 
from the use of any motor vehicle. 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and 
House of Representatives of the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met and it 
is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, 
That except as is hereinafter provided for non- 
residents and dealers, no motor vehicle shall be 
operated upon any public highway in this Com- 
monwealth until such motor vehicle shall have 
been registered with the State Highway Depart- 
ment of this Commonwealth. 

Section 2. The term "motor vehicle" as used 
in this act shall include all wheeled vehicles oper- 
ated or orooelled by any form of engine, motor or 
mechanical power or operated by power received 
from any source other than from engine, motor 
or mechanical power forming part of such vehicle 
except traction engines, steam shovels, road roll- 
ers, agricultural machinery and vehicles which 
move upon or are guided by a track or travel 
through the air. 

The term "motor cycle" as used in this act shall 
include all motor operated vehicles of the bicycle 



or tricycle type, whether the motive power be a 
part thereof or attached thereto. 

The term "trailer" as used in this act shall 
include all vehicles trailing after or propelled by 
a motor vehicle. 

The term "commercial vehicle" as used in this 
act shall include motor omnibuses used for the 
transportation of passengers for pay or hire and 
motor vehicles constructed or used for the trans- 
portation of goods, wares or merchandise. 

The term "owner" as used in this act shall in- 
clude the person or persons having a motor 
vehicle in his or their possession, custody or con- 
trol under a lease or contract of conditional sale 
or other like agreement. 

The term "public highway" as used in this act 
shall include all public roads, streets, avenues, 
alleys, boulevards, parks and squares, also bridges 
and approaches thereto. 

The term "Department" as used in this act 
shall refer to the State Highway Department of 
this Commonwealth. 

Section 3. Application for the registration of 
motor vehicles shall be made to the State High- 
way Department upon a blank provided for the 
purposes by the Department. The application 
shall contain the full name and residence of the 
owner or owners (not in excess of two in the 
case of joint ownership), together with a sworn 
statement that such person is more than sixteen 
(16) years of age and is mentally and physically 
qualified to operate a motor vehicle as defined in 
this act; also a brief description of the motor 
vehicle, the name, the manufacturer's number, 
the character' of the motive power and the horse 
power, and in the case of commercial vehicles, 
the chassis of which weighs more than two thou- 

94 



sand (2,000) pounds, the gross weight of the 
chassis as given and certified to by the manu- 
facturer, and shall be signed by the owner or 
owners. 

Applicants for registration who are not resi- 
dents of this Commonwealth shall in their ap- 
plication, in addition to the above requirements, 
designate the State Highway Commissioner as 
their authorized agent upon whom process may he 
served. 

The horse power of motor vehicles, except 
those propelled by steam or electricity, shall be 
computed by the following formula : Diameter 
of the bore in inches squared times the number 
of cylinders times four-tenths (.4). The ac- 
cepted horse power for the registration of motor 
vehicles propelled by steam or electricity shall be 
that given and certified to by the manufacturer. 

Upon receipt of the application and the proper 
fee, the State Highway Department shall registei 
the said motor vehicle in a book or index kept 
for that purpose, and shall issue to the owner or 
owners a registration certificate and an owner's 
license, which shall entitle the holder or holders, 
provided such oersons are more than sixteen (16) 
years of age and are not mentally or physically 
disqualified, to lawfully operate any motor vehicle. 
Said license shall not be valid until signed by the 
holder or holders thereof. The registration cer- 
tificate shall show the name and address of the 
owner or owners, the name, type, horse power 
and manufacturer's number of the motor vehicle 
and the registration number thereof. 

No motor vehicle on which the manufacturer's 
number has been omitted, obliterated or defaced 
shall be registerable without a special permit from 
the State Highway Commissioner. 
95 



Before issuing a registration certificate for any 
such motor vehicle the Highway Commissioner 
shall require information as to the date of pur- 
chase of such vehicle and the name and address 
of the person from whom it was purchased, to- 
gether with satisfactory evidence that the num- 
ber was not removed for the purpose of con- 
cealing the identity of such vehicle. He shall 
require that a special number designated by him 
shall be immediately stamped thereon. Such num- 
ber shall be preceded by the letter S and follow- 
ed 'by "Pa.," and the registration will not be valid 
until this requirement has been complied with. 

No motor vehicle or trailer, except hook and 
ladder trucks and water towers, shall be regis- 
trable that exceeds an outside over all length 
of three hundred thirty-six (336) inches, or 
width of ninety (90) inches, or that exceeds 
a gross weight, including chassis, body and load, 
of twenty-six thousand (26,000) pounds. Pro- 
vided, That the restriction as to length shall not 
apply to motor vehicles registered or contracted 
for prior to the passage of this act. 

Any person or persons knowingly making any 
misstatement of facts in his or their application 
for registration of a motor vehicle shall be 
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con- 
viction thereof, shall be subject to a fine of not 
less than two hundred ($200.00) dollars or more 
than five hundred ($500.00) dollars, or imprison- 
ment for one (1) year, or both, at the discre- 
tion of the Court, and the State Highway Com- 
missioner shall upon proper evidence of such mis- 
statement revoke the registration of the motor 
vehicle so registered. 

It s'hall be the duty of the registered owner of 
every motor vehicle to notify the State Highway 
96 



Department of any change in his place of resi- 
dence within one week after such change is made. 

Section 4. The State Highway Department 
shall issue two (2) registration plates for each 
vehicle registered, having thereon the registra- 
tion number in figures not more than five (5) 
inches in height, the year and the abbreviated 
name of the State, except that for motor cycles 
one plate only shall be issued, and on such plates 
the registration number shall be in figures not 
more than three and one-half (3H) inches in 
height. 

The plates for commercial vehicles, the chassis 
of which weigh more than two thousand (2,000) 
pounds, shall bear a prefix number indicating 
the capacity and classification of the vehicle for 
which thev are issued as provided for in Section 
Nine (9). On the plates for "Dealers" shall be 
the words "Penna. Dealer," and the number shall 
be preceded by the letter "X." On the plates for 
trailers the number shall be preceded by the let- 
ter "T." 

The registration plates shall be rigidly attach- 
ed to the motor vehicle, so that they cannot swing 
or oscillate, the one on the front, the other on the 
rear. Thev shall at all times be parallel to the 
axles and shall not be underneath any part of 
the body more than twelve (12) inches from the 
rear end thereof, nor shall they be covered, ob- 
scured, bent, altered or defaced in any manner 
and the lower ede-e of the rear plate shall be not 
less than fifteen (15) inches above the ground. 

They shall be kept free from oil, grease, dirt or 
other substance likely to impair their legibility, 
and between one hour after sunset and one hour 
before sunrise the rear plate shall be illuminated 
so that the registration number can be plainly dis- 

97 



tinguished, urovided, however, that motor cycles 
need display but one registration plate, which 
shall be attached to the rear thereof in such man- 
ner as to fully comply with the provisions of 
this section. 

No motor vehicle shall be operated under any 
other plates than those of its own registration 
and except as is provided in this act for non- 
residents no number plates shall be displayed on 
any motor vehicle other than those issued bv the 
State Highway Department, nor shall there be 
displayed upon any motor vehicle owned by a 
resident of this Commonwealth, while operated 
upon any public highway in this Commonwealth, 
any registration or number plate issued by any 
other State, Territory, Federal District or for- 
eign country. Provided, however, a resident of 
this State may exhibit in addition to the Penn- 
sylvania registration plates a set of registration 
plates of one adjoining State. 

Section 5. Upon the transfer of ownership or 
the destruction of any motor vehicle its registra- 
tion shall expire, and in the event of the sale of 
the motor vehicle the original owner shall re- 
move the registration plates therefrom and shall 
within forty-eight (48) hours notify the State 
Highway Commissioner of the name and address 
of the purchaser. 

The original owner may. however, by proper 
-worn nrmlication upon a blank to be furnished 
by the Department, register another motor 
vehicle upon payment of a fee of one ($1.00) 
dollar when such motor vehicle is of equal or less 
horse power or classification than that originally 
registered, or upon payment of a fee of one 
($1.00) dollar and the difference between the fee- 
originally paid and that due if the new motor 
98 



vehicle be properly registerable in a higher class, 
and unless the original registration plates have 
been destroyed such owner shall be assigned the 
registration number previously issued to him and 
shall receive a new registration certificate. 

Section 6. In the event of the loss of one or 
both registration plates, or should a plate or 
plates be so defaced that the number thereon is 
illegible, it shall be the duty of the owner of 
the motor vehicle for which same were issued to 
apply to the State Highway Department for new 
plates within forty-eight (48) hours of his dis- 
covery of the loss or defacement of such plate 
or plates. 

Such application shall be made upon a blank 
furnished by the Department, on which shall be 
set forth the loss, defacing or destruction of such 
plate or plates and be accompanied by a fee of 
fifty (50) cents for the plate for a motor cycle 
or motor bicycle, or one ($1.00) dollar for the 
plates for any other motor vehicle. 

Thereupon the Department shall cancel the 
original registration and shall issue to the appli- 
cant new plates of another number than that of 
the plates originally issued, also a corrected regis- 
tration certificate. 

Upon the receipt of new plates, it shall be the 
duty of the owner to immediately return to the 
State Highwav Department the old registration 
certificate and olate or plates, unless lost or de- 
stroyed. 

Xo owner or operator of a motor vehicle shall 
be subject to a fine by reason of one or both 
registration plates being missing, provided he 
make affidavit that the same was lost or stolen 
within the period of ten (10) days, and that ap- 



plication for new plates was made within forty- 
eight (48) hours, as required herein. 

Section 7. Motor vehicles owned or kept by 
manufacturers or dealers solely for the purpose 
of testing, demonstrating or selling shall be ex- 
empt from individual registration by manufac- 
turer's number, provided said manufacturer or 
dealer registers with the State Highway Depart- 
ment in the "Dealers' Class." Application for 
such registration shall be made upon a blank pro- 
vided for the purpose by the Department and 
shall set forth the full name and business ad- 
dress of the applicant and shall be verified by 
oath or affirmation. Upon receipt of the appli- 
cation, accompanied by the' proper fee for each 
certificate and pair of number plates desired, the 
Department shall issue to the applicant as many 
certificates of registration and pairs of plates as 
may have been applied for. Provided, The num- 
ber be not less than two (2) and provided that 
not more than ten (10) certificates and sets of 
tags shall be applied for on any single applica- 
tion, and where a greater number of certificates 
and tags is desired, the necessary additional ap- 
plication shall be made. No motor vehicle shall 
under anv circumstances be operated under a 
Dealers' registration unless both number plates 
are displayed, as provided in this act. 

No person or persons shall use or permit the 
use of the plates issued under a dealers' regis- 
tration on any motor vehicle Other than those 
owned bv such dealer and operated by such 
dealer or his employees, or for any purpose 
other than demonstrating said vehicle to a pros- 
pective purchase, or testing or removing same 
from storage place, shipping point or place of de- 
livery before or after sale. 

100 



Section 8. Non-residents of this State shall 
be exempt from the provisions of this act as to 
the registration of motor vehicles and the licens- 
ing of operators for the same time and to the 
same extent as like exemptions are granted resi- 
dents of this State under the law of the foreign 
country, State, Territory or Federal District of 
their residence provided that they shall have 
complied with the provisions of the law o-f the 
foreign country, State, Territory or Federal Dis- 
trict of their residence relative to the registra- 
tion of their motor vehicles, and shall conspicu- 
ously displav the number plates as required 
thereby and have in their possession the regis- 
tration certificate issued for such motor vehicle, 
but such exemption shall not apply to commercial 
vehicles owned by foreign corporations or indi- 
viduals used in this State more frequently than 
one (1) round trip in any one week, nor to the 
operators thereof. 

Section 9. The fee for the registration of a 
motor cycle shall be three ($3.00) dollars and 
for the registration of a bicycle with a motor 
attached two ($2.00) dollars. 

The fee for registration of motor vehicles ex- 
cept such as are equipped with metal tires when 
registered prior to August 1st of any year shall 
be at the rate of forty (40) cents for each horse- 
power or fractional part thereof. Provided, That 
the minimum fee shall be ten ($10.00) dollars. 

The fees for the registration of commercial 
motor vehicles the chassis of which weigh less 
than two thousand pounds shall be on the basis 
of horse power. 

Commercial vehicles the chassis of which weigh 
two thousand (2,000) pounds or more shall be 
divided into seven (7) classes. 

101 



The fees for each such vehicle in class AA, 
the chassis of which weighs two thousand (2,000) 
pounds and less than three thousand (3,000) 
pounds shall be twenty dollars ($20.00). 

The fee for each such vehicle in class A, the 
chassis of which weighs three thousand (3,000) 
pounds and less than four thousand live hundred 
(-1.500) pounds, shall lie twenty-five dollars 
(S25.00). 

The fee for each such vehicle in class B, the 
chassis of which weighs forty-five hundred 
(4,500) pounds and less than six thousand (6.000) 
pounds, shall he thirty dollars ($30.00). 

The fee for each such vehicle in class C. the 
chassis of which weighs six thousand (6,000) 
pounds and less than seven thousand (7,000) 
pounds, shall be fifty dollars ($50.00). 

The fee tor each such vehicle in class D. the 
chassis of which weighs seven thousand (7,000) 
pounds and less than eight thousand I I 
pounds, shall be seventy-five ($75.00) dollar-. 

The fee for each such vehicle in class E. the 
chassis of which weighs eight thousand (8,000) 
pound's and less than ten thousand ( 10.000) 
pounds, shall be one hundred .($100.00) dollars. 

The fee for each such vehicle in class F. the 
chassis of which weighs over ten thousand 
(10.000) pounds, shall be one hundred fifty 
($150.00) dollars. 

No registration shall be required of a trailer 
weighing less than five hundred (500) pounds. 

The fee shall be two ($2.00) dollars for each 
trailer weighing live hundred (500) pounds and 
less than seven hundred and fifty (750) pounds. 

Five ($5.00) dollars for each trailer weighing 
seven hundred and fifty (750) pounds and less 
than one thousand (1.000) pounds. 



Ten $10.00) dollars for each trailer weighing 
one thousand (1,000) pounds and less than two 
thousand (2,000) pounds. 

Fifteen ($15.00) dollars for each trailer weigh- 
ing two thousand (2,000) pounds or more. 

The fee for the registration of any motor 
vehicle equipped with metal tires shall be double 
the regular fee for such vehicle. 

The fees for registration when issued on or 
after August 1st shall be one-half those herein- 
before named. 

The fee shall be five ($5.00) dollars for each 
certificate and number plate issued to persons 
registered as Motor Cycle Dealers and ten 
($10.00) dollars for each certificate and pair of 
number plates issued Ito persons registered as 
dealers in other motor vehicles. 

The fees herein set forth for the registration 
of motor vehicles and trailers shall be in lieu of 
any other fees or taxes to be imposed by this 
Commonwealth or any subdivision thereof, and 
no city, borough, incorporated town, township or 
county shall require or collect any registration 
or license fee or tax for any motor vehicle or 
license from any operator thereof except as to 
motor vehicles transporting passengers for pay 
or hire within the limits of any city or from 
points within such city to points outside of the 
city limits. 

No fee shall be charged for the registration 
of motor vehicles owned and used by the United 
States, the State of Pennsylvania or by any city 
borough, incorporated town, township or county, 
duly authorized volunteer fire department, hos- 
pital, humane society or anti-cruelty society in 
this Commonwealth or by the American Red 
Cross, but all such vehicles shall be registered 
103 



and shall display number plates as is provided for 
privately owned vehicles. 

All registrations shall expire December 31st 
of the year issued unless sooner revoked for 
cause by the State Highway Commissioner. 

Section 10. No person whether the owner of 
a motor vehicle or not who is less than sixteen 
(16) years of age or who is mentally impaired or 
who is physically incapacitated as defined in this 
act shall operate any motor vehicle upon any 
public highway in this Commonwealth. 

No person shall operate a motor vehicle upon 
any public highway until such person shall have 
had issued to him a license or permit by the 
State Highway Department. No such license or 
permit shall be issued to any person less than 
sixteen (16) years of age or in the case of paid 
drivers less than eighteen (18) years of age, 
and who has not had at least five (5) days' ex- 
perience in the operation of a motor vehicle. 

No person who is the owner or custodian of 
any motor vehicle shall permit any person who 
is less than sixteen (16) years of age or who is 
not a licensed operator or paid driver or holder 
of a Learner's Permit to operate any such motor 
vehicle or employ or permit any person to 
operate such motor vehicle for pay or hire who 
is not eighteen (18) years of age and a licensed 
operator or paid driver. 

No person shall operate any motor vehicle as 
a paid driver without taking out a paid driver's 
license. 

Any person who has lost the use of one hand 
or both or who has lost the use of both feet or 
whose eyesight is so impaired that with the aid 
of glasses he cannot distinguish substantial ob- 
jects clearly at a distance of one hundred and 

104 



fifty (150) feet or who shall have less than 
twenty (20) per centum of normal vision or 
who shall have less than two (2) per centum 
of normal hearing shall be considered physically 
incapacitated. 

Provided, that the State Highway Commissioner 
may at his discretion issue a special license or 
permit to a person who has lost the use of one 
hand only upon the receipt of such evidence or 
demonstration as shall satisfy him that such 
person has had sufficient experience in the opera 
tion of a motor vehicle to enable him to do so 
without endangering the safety of the public. 
The fee for such special license or permit shall 
be one ($1.00) dollar in addition to the regular 
license fee except in the case of a registered 
owner, when no fee shall be charged. 

Section 11. Any person desiring to operate a 
motor vehicle as a paid driver or who is an em- 
ployee of the owner or custodian thereof shall 
first obtain a paid driver's license from the State 
Highway Department. 

Application for a paid operator or chauffeur's 
license shall be made upon a blank furnished by 
the Department and shall be signed and sworn 
to by the applicant. Such application shall con- 
tain the applicant's full name and residence and 
shall set forth that he is over eighteen (18) years 
of age and has had at least five (5) days' experi- 
ence in the operation of a motor vehicle and is 
not mentally or physically incapacitated as de- 
fined in this act. 

The applicant may also at the option of the 
State Highway Commissioner be required to sub- 
mit himself to such test of his ability and ex- 
amination as to his knowledge of the operation 
of motor vehicles as may be required by the 

105 



State Highway Commissioner, for whicli ex- 
amination no charge shall be made. 

Upon receipt of the application and a fee of 
two ($2.00) dollars the State Highway Depart- 
ment shall if the applicant fulfills the require- 
ments issue to him a paid driver's license which 
shall be carried by him at all times when operat- 
ing a motor vehicle. Such license shall be num- 
bered and shall set forth the licensee's name and 
res'idence, but shall not be valid until licensee's 
signature is attached thereto. 

Any person other than a registered owner or 
paid driver desiring to operate a motor vehicle 
shall first obtain an operator's license from the 
State Highway Department. 

Application for such license shall be made 
upon a blank furnished by the Department and 
shall be signed and sworn to by the applicant. 
Such application shall contain the applicant's 
full name and residence and set forth that he 
is over sixteen (16) years of age and has had at 
least five (5) days' experience in the operation 
of a motor vehicle and is not mentally or physi- 
cally incapacitated as defined in this act. 

Upon the receipt of the application and a fee 
of one ($1.00) dollar the State Highway Depart- 
ment shall, if the applicant fulfills the require- 
ments, issue to such applicant a license, which 
shall be carried by the licensee at all times when 
operating a motor vehicle. Such license shall 
be numbered and shall set forth the licensee's 
name and residence, but shall not be valid until 
the licensee's signature is attached thereto. 

All licenses shall expire December 31st of the 
year issued unless sooner revoked for cause by 
the State Highway Commissioner. 
106 



The State Highway Commissioner shall issue 
learners' permits to persons over sixteen (16) 
years of age not mentally or physically incapaci- 
tated as denned in this act who may desire to 
learn to operate a motor vehicle. 

Such permits shall be issued for a period of 
thirty (30) days, but shall be valid only when 
such person is accompanied by a licensed oper- 
ator. 

The fee for such permit shall be fifty (50) 
cents. 

Any person knowingly making any misstate- 
ment of facts in his application for a license or 
permit shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor 
and upon conviction thereof shall be subject to a 
fine of not less than one hundred ($100.00) dol- 
lars or more than two hundred ($200.00) dollars 
or imprisonment for six (6) months or both, at 
the discretion of the court. 

It shall be the duty of every licensee to notify 
the State Highway Department of any change in 
his place of residence within one week after such 
change is made. 

Section 12. The moneys derived under the pro- 
visions of this act from registration and license 
fees and from fines and forfeited bail and receipts 
from salt:' of printed bulletins shall be paid by 
the State Highway Department into the State 
Treasury for safe keeping and shall by the State 
Treasurer be placed in a separate fund to be 
available for the use of the State Highway De- 
partment upon requisition of the State Highway 
Commissioner. All such moneys hereafter paid 
into the State treasury are hereby specifically 
appropriated to the State Highway Department 
for the purpose of assisting in the maintenance 
and repair of the State highways of Pennsylvania 
107 



and the publication of the bulletins provided for 
in section fifteen (15) of this act. 

The Auditor General shall upon requisition of 
the State Highway Commissioner draw his war- 
rant upon the State Treasurer for the amount 
specified in such requisition not exceeding, how- 
ever, the amount in such fund at the time of 
making such requisition. 

Section 13. The State Highway Commissioner 
may refuse to issue a license to any applicant who 
is shown by proper evidence to be a reckless or 
careless operator endangering the safety of the 
public or an habitual violator of the provisions 
of this act. 

He may also revoke or suspend the license is- 
sued to any such person upon hearing before the 
Commissioner or his representative after due 
notice in writing of the proposed action and the 
grounds therefor has been mailed to the licensee 
at the address given in his application. 

The State Highway Commissioner may upon 
investigation suspend the license of any owner 
operator or paid driver who has been involved 
in an accident resulting in injury to person or 
property upon the sworn statement of two reput- 
able persons that such accident was the result 
of recklessness or carelessness on the part of 
such licensee and after a hearing before the Com- 
missioner or his representative shall annul the 
license issued to such person if the evidence justi- 
fies such action. 

Section 14. Any person whose license has 
been suspended or revoked who shall operate any 
motor vehicle upon any public highway in this 
Commonwealth, or any person owning or having 
any motor vehicle in his custody who shall know- 
ingly permit any person whose license has been 
suspended or revoked to operate any such motor 

108 



vehicle shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor 
and upon conviction thereof shall be sentenced 
to pay a fine of not less than one hundred 
($100.00) dollars nor more -than two hundred 
($200.00) dollars or undergo imprisonment for a 
period of not more than six (6) months or both, 
at the discretion of the Court. 

Section 15. The State Highway Commissioner 
shall issue monthly printed bulletins, which may 
be printed by other than the State Printer, should 
the State Highway Commissioner deem it neces- 
sary or expedient, giving the name, address and 
number of each licensee and the name and ad- 
dress of the owner of each motor vehicle regis- 
tered, together with the registration number and 
the make and manufacturer's number thereof, a 
copy of which shall upon request be furnished 
free of charge to Senators and Representatives 
in the General Assembly, Mayors, Burgesses, 
Magistrate, Chiefs of Police, Aldermen and Jus- 
tices of the Peace in this Commonwealth, and 
shall be sold at a nominal fee to all other appli- 
cants. 

He shall also cause such records of each motor 
vehicle registered to be promptly compiled and 
classified by make and numerically arranged as 
to manufacturer's number as will readily reveal 
the name and address of the owner thereof. 

It shall be the duty of the State Highway Com- 
missioner, whenever he may receive a report of 
the theft of a motor vehicle, whether the same 
has been registered or not, and whether owned in 
this or any other State, together with the make 
and manufacturer's number thereof, to make a 
distinctive record thereof and file the same in 
numerical order of the manufacturer's number 
with the* records, of the vehicles of such make 

109 



already registered. In the event of the receipt of 
an application for the registration of such motor 
vehicle he shall immediately notify the registered 
owner thereof, and unless registration .has already 
been issued, shall withhold the issuing of a reg- 
istration certificate until a proper investigation 
shall have been made. 

In the event of the recovery of a stolen vehicle 
of which the Highway Commissioner has been 
notified, it shall be the duty of the owner to 
immediately notify the Highway Commissioner, 
who shall cause the record of the theft of such 
vehicle to be removed from the files. 

The State Highway Commissioner may cause 
the original applications for registration and for 
license on file in his office to be destroyed three 
(3) years after such applications were received. 

Section 16. Any person or persons removing. 
altering or obliterating the manufacturer's plate 
number or identification mark on any motor 
vehicle, or any person or persons aiding or 
abetting in such removing, altering or obliterat- 
ing, or anv person or persons receiving, purchas- 
ing or selling, or knowingly having in his pos- 
session any motor vehicle upon which the manu- 
facturer's plate or number has been removed, al- 
tered or obliterated without being in possession 
of evidence that the said manufacturer's plate or 
number was not removed, altered or obliterated 
with the intent of concealing the identity of said 
motor vehicle, or any person who shall know- 
ingly operate a motor vehicle with altered or 
false registration plates, shall be deemed guilty 
of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof 
shall be subject to a fine of not less than one hun- 
dred ($100.00) dollars or more than five hundred 
( S 500 .00 ) dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding 
no 



one (1) year, or both, at the discretion of the 
court. 

Section 17. The proprietor of every public 
garage and motor vehicle repair shop shall cause 
a record to be kept after the manner to be pre- 
scribed by the State Highway Commissioner of 
the names of any and all persons owning or hav- 
ing charge of any motor vehicle stored, left tor 
repair or any other purpose at any such public 
garage or motor vehicle repair shop, together with 
the make, manufacturer's number, name of the 
State of registration and the registration num- 
ber of such motor vehicles. Such record shall 
be kept in ink or indelible pencil and shall be 
open to the inspection of police officers or other 
proper authorities. Such records shall be re- 
tained and be available for a period of one (1) 
year after entry, but not thereafter. He shall 
also immediately notify the local police authori- 
ties and the State Highway Commissioner of any 
such motor vehicle whereon the manufacturer's 
number or mark has apparently been altered, ob- 
literated or removed. 

Section 18. No unauthorized person shall 
sound the horn, handle the levers or set in motion, 
or in any way tamper with or damage or deface 
any motor vehicle standing upon any public high- 
way. 

Xo person shall hang on to or ride on the 
rear end of any motor vehicle, and no person on 
a bicycle, roller skates or any similar device, shall 
hold fast to or hitch on to any moving motor 
vehicle. 

No person shall throw any missile at the occu- 
pants of any motor vehicle or throw or place 
any substance upon any public highway injurious 



or damaging to a motor vehicle or the tires 
thereof. 

Section 19. No person shall operate a motor 
vehicle on the public highways of the State reck- 
lessly or at a rate of speed greater than is rea- 
sonable and proper, having regard to the width, 
traffic and use of the highway, or so as to endan- 
ger property or the life or limbs of any person. 
No person shall drive a motor vehicle at a rate 
of speed exceeding one (1) miles in two (2) 
minutes, and no commercial motor vehicle in 
class AA, as provided in section nine of this 
act, shall at any time exceed a rate of speed of 
twenty (20) miles per hour. 

In class A a rate of speed of twenty (20) 
miles per hour. 

In class B a rate of speed of eighteen (18) 
miles per hour. 

In class C a rate of speed of fifteen (15) 
miles per hour. 

In class D a rate of speed of fifteen (15) 
miles per hour. 

In class E a rate of speed of twelve (12) 
miles per hour. 

In class F a rate of speed of ten (10) miles 
per hour. 

Provided, That the authorities having charge of 
the highways may in dangerous or built-up sec- 
tions, or at school houses, churches and public 
playgrounds, place signs marked "fifteen (15) 
mile speed limit" in letters not less than five (5) 
inches in height. Said signs shall be placed on 
the right-hand side of the highway facing the 
traffic to be controlled, clearly legible therefrom, 
and at these places the speed limit shall not ex- 
ceed a rate of one (1) mile in four (4) minutes 
for a distance beyond said sign of not more than 

112 



one-eighth (%) of a mile, and if such highway is 
still in a dangerous or built-up section a second 
sign similar to the above described may be erected 
and the speed limit shall not exceed the rate of 
one (1) mile in four (4) minutes for not more 
than one-eighth (Vs) of a mile beyond said sign, 
and as many signs may be erected as may be 
necessary. At the end of said dangerous or 
built-up sections there shall be erected a= sign 
reading "end of fifteen (15) mile speed limit" 
in letters not less than five (5) inches in height, 
said signs to be placed at right angles to the 
highway and facing the traffic to be controlled. 

Section 20. Every motor vehicle on the public 
highways shall from one hour after unset until 
one hour before sunrise, or whenever it is impos- 
sible to see clearly for a distance of two hun- 
dred (200) feet, show at least two lights of ap- 
proximately equal power on the front of such 
vehicle that shall be clearly visible for a distance 
of two hundred (200) feet, provided that motor 
cycles to which no side car is attached need dis- 
play only one such light, but no brilliant light 
shall be displayed on any motor vehicle standing 
on the left-hand side of the highway. 

Every motor vehicle equipped with and using 
electric light or lights of more than four (4) 
candle power not equipped with a permanent de- 
flecting or diffusing device upon any of the pub- 
lic highways of this State shall be provided and 
equipped with some practical and efficient device 
or devices whereby the forward lights of such 
vehicle may be dimmed or lessened at the will 
of the operator to such an extent that such elec-. 
trie light or the reflection therefrom through 
said forward lights will not interfere with the 
sight of nor temporarily blind the vision of the 

113 



driver of an approaching vehicle, and it shall be 
the duty of every operator of such motor vehicle 
equipped with and using electric lights upon the 
public highways of this State to effectually ap- 
ply such dimmer to the forward lights of the 
vehicle operated by him or her and cause such 
lights to be dimmed and lessened so as not to 
interfere with the sight or temporarily blind the 
vision of the operator of any approaching vehicle. 

Every motor vehicle, including motor cycles, 
shall also, whether standing or in motion, dis- 
play one red light on the rear thereof, and if a 
trailer be attached to such motor vehicle or 
another motor vehicle is being towed so as to ob- 
scure such red light, then a red light shall be dis- 
played on the rear of such vehicle or such trailer. 

The registration plate on the rear of every 
motor vehicle, including motor cycles and trailer, 
shall also be clearly illuminated during the same 
period. 

Whenever there is not sufficient light within 
the limits of the highway to clearly reveal per- 
sons, vehicles or substantial objects at a distance 
of two hundred (200) feet the front lights shall, 
when the vehicle is in motion, clearly illuminate 
the road for a distance of at least two hundred 
(200) feet in front of such vehicle, and for five 
(5) feet to the right of such vehicle, at a point 
twenty (20) feet in front of the lamps. 

No lights of more than thirty-two (32) candle 
power shall be used on any motor vehicle, and all 
lights in excess of four (4) candle power equip- 
ped with reflectors shall be so arranged, designed, 
diffused or deflected that no dazzling rays of 
light shall at a point seventy-five (75) feet or 
more ahead of the lamps rise more than fortv- 
two (42) inches above the level surface on which 
the vehicle stands. 

114 



All additional or supplemental lights, including 
movable spotlights or searchlights, shall fully 
comply with these restrictions, and the rays of 
light from any such searchlight or spotlight 
shall at no time extend to the left of the center 
of the highway. 

No red lieht shall be displayed on the front 
of any motor vehicle. 

The State Highway Commissioner may, after 
proper road and laboratory tests, approve certain 
devices for controlling the front lights on motor 
vehicles so that they shall comply with the pro- 
visions of this section upon the payment of such 
fee as he may deem necessary to cover the actual 
cost of such tests not to exceed the sum of fifty 
($50.00) dollars, and may issue a certificate to the 
applicant describing the device and certifying 
that such tests have been made and that the de- 
vice when properly applied complies with the re- 
quirements of this act. 

Section 21. Every motor vehicle shall be pro- 
vided when in use with adequate brakes capable 
of controlling such vehicle under all normal con- 
ditions, and with an adequate horn, bell or other 
signal device, and where such vehicle is so con- 
structed or covered as to prevent the operator 
thereof from having a sufficient view of the 
traffic following it shall be equipped with a mir- 
ror or other device that will enable the operator 
to see the road to the rear. 

Section 22. Every operator of a motor vehicle 
shall sound his horn, bell or signal device, giving 
reasonable warning of his approach, whenever 
necessary to insure the safety of other users of 
the highway, and before passing any vehicle he 
may overtake or pedestrian using any part of 
the highway other than the sidewalk, also at 

115 



curves and intersecting highways where the view 
of approaching vehicles for a distance of one 
hundred (100) feet is obscured, but the horn, 
bell or other signal device shall not be sounded 
unnecessarily. 

Section 23. No person, whether an employe of 
the owner or custodian of any motor vehicle or 
not, shall tamper with or make use of or operate 
any motor vehicle without the knowledge or con- 
sent of the owner or custodian thereof. 

No person shall operate a motor vehicle while 
under the influence of intoxicating liquor or any 
narcotic or habit producing drug, or permit any 
person who may be under the influence of in- 
toxicating liquor or narcotic drugs to operate 
any motor vehicle owned by him or in his cus- 
tody or control. 

No person shall take part in any race or speed 
contest for a prize or wager, or otherwise, upon 
any public highway, or attempt to establish or 
lower any speed record upon any public highway. 

Any operator of a motor vehicle who shall have 
injured the person or property of any other user 
of the highway shall stop and render such assist- 
ance as may be necessary, and shall upon re- 
quest give his name and address to the injured 
party or his proper representative. This provis- 
ion shall apply to the owner of the motor vehicle, 
if present, whether he was operating such motor 
vehicle or not. 

No person shall turn off any or all of the lights 
on a motor vehicle for the purpose of avoiding 
identification or arrest. 

Any person violating any of the provisions of 
this section shall be deemed guilty of a misde- 
meanor and upon conviction thereof shall be sen- 
tenced to pay a fine of not less than one hundred 

116 



($100.00) dollars nor more than five hundred 
($500.00) dollars, or to undergo imprisonment 
not exceeding one (1) years, or both, at the dis- 
cretion of the Court, and the Clerk of the Court 
in which such conviction is had shall certfTy 
such conviction to the State Highway Commis- 
sioner, who shall suspend or revoke the license 
issued to such person, and no other license shall 
be issued to such person for a period of one (1*) 
year following such conviction. 

Section 24. No motor vehicle of any descrip- 
tion shall be used or operated on the public high- 
ways unless the engine is muffled so that the ex- 
plosions thereof shall not constitute a nuisance 
to the public, and no muffled cut-out shall be used 
on any public highway in any city, borough or in- 
corporated town. 

No motor vehicle shall be used upon any pub- 
lic highway with chains or other devices project- 
ing more than one (1) inch upon the tires thereof. 

No commercial motor vehicle shall be used or 
operated on any public highway the weight of 
which, including chassis, body and load, shall be 
in excess of seven thousand (7,000) pounds for 
a vehicle in class A A, eleven thousand (11,000) 
pounds for a vehicle in class A, fifteen thousand 
(15,000) pounds for vehicles in class B, twenty 
thousand (20,000) pounds for vehicles in class 
C, twenty-four thousand (24,000) pounds for 
vehicles in class D, and twenty-six (26,000) 
thousand pounds for vehicles in classes E and F. 

No motor vehicle or trailer shall be operated 
upon any public highway having a gross weight 
of vehicle and load combined in excess of twenty- 
six thousand (26,000) pounds, or in excess of 
nineteen thousand five hundred (19,500) pounds 
on any axle, or in excess of eight hundred (800) 

117 



pounds on any one wheel for each nominal inch 
of width of tire on such wheel, or that exceeds 
an over-all length of vehicle of three hundred 
and thirty-six (336) inches, except hook and 
ladder trucks and water towers, or an over all 
width of vehicle or load of ninety (90) inches. 
All commercial vehicles or trailers the chassjs of 
which weighs more than two thousand (2,000) 
pounds registered under this statute shall have 
painted on a conspicuous place on the outside 
and on both sides of said motor vehicle or trailer 
the maximum weight limit of said motor vehicle 
or trailer, including chassis, body and load, in fig- 
ures three (3) inches high. Any person or per- 
s* ins carrying on any motor vehicle or trailer a 
load in excess of the maximum carrying capacity 
as so fixed by the manufacturer, or any person 
or Dersons who remove or disfigure said signs. 
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon con- 
viction thereof shall be subject to a fine of not 
less than twenty-five ($25.00) dollars or more 
than one hundred ($100.00) dollars, or imprison- 
ment not exceeding six (6) months, or both, at 
the discretion of the Court, and the Clerk of the 
Court in which such conviction is held shall cer- 
tify such conviction to the State Highway Com- 
missioner of Pennsylvania, who may forthwith 
revoke the license of any licensee so convicted. 

Any person intending to use a truck or trailer 
for special hauling, gross weight of vehicle and 
load combined or of length in excess of the speci- 
fications hereinbefore mentioned shall apply to the 
State Highway Commissioner for permission so 
to do upon a blank in such form as the State 
Highway Department shall prescribe. Such ap- 
plication shall set forth the location of the roads 
over which it is proposed to haul, the counties, 
townships and municipalities in which such roads 

118 



are located, the weight and length of truck and 
its registration number, the number of trailers 
to be used, the maximum capacity of such trail- 
ers, the weight of each when empty, the kind of 
materials to be hauled, and the date at which 
said hauling will be completed. 

The State Highway Commissioner upon receipt 
of such application and a fee of five ($5.00) dol- 
lars shall immediately inform himself as to the 
condition of the highways mentioned in said ap- 
plication by referring the same to the local 
authorities or otherwise, and if satisfied that 
the proposed use of such roadways will not re- 
sult in damage thereto, may grant a permit for 
such number of days and under such restrictions 
as in his discretion may be necessary to prevent 
extraordinary damage to the roads by reason of 
such hauling. 

All the provisions of this section shall apply 
to the owner of the motor vehicle or the person 
having control thereof who causes or permits 
such motor vehicle to be operated or equipped 
contrary to such provisions, and any such per^ n 
shall be deemed equally guilty with the operator 
of any violation thereof. 

Section 25. Xo operator of a motor vehicle 
who meets or overtakes a street passenger car 
that has stopped for the purpose of taking on or. 
dischargino- passengers shall pass said car on the 
side on which the passengers get on or off until 
the car has started and until any passengers who 
may have alighted shall have reached the side of 
the hisrhway. 

Y\ hen meeting or when overtaken by any other 

vehicle legallv traveling at a greater rate of speed. 

the operator of any motor vehicle shall turn 

promptly to the right of the center of the higfi- 

119 



way, allowing such other vehicle free passage to 
the left. 

The operator of any motor vehicle overtaking 
another vehicle shall pass such vehicle on the 
left, but shall not attempt to pass any such vehicfe 
at intersecting highways or at a sharp turn or 
curve or on approaching the crest of a hill when 
a full view of the highway ahead for a distance 
of two hundred (200) feet is obstructed. 

Every operator of a motor vehicle shall at all 
times keep as close as possible to the right-hand 
side of the highway, allowing other vehicles free 
passage to the left, and no operator of a motor 
vehicle shall allow such vehicle to stand in the 
center of the highway or so as to obstruct or 
interfere with any other users thereof. 

At the intersection of public highways the op- 
erator of a motor vehicle shall keep to the right 
of the intersection of the centers of such high- 
ways when turning to the right and shall pass to 
the right of such intersection before turning to 
the left 

When two vehicles approach the intersection of 
two public highways at the ~same time the vehicle 
approaching from the right shall have the right 
of way. 

When signaled to do so by the rider or driver 
of any horse or other animal of draft or burden, 
the operator of a motor vehicle shall stop until 
any danger has been avoided. 

Section 26. The operator of any motor vehicle 
shall ston upon request or signal of any constable, 
police officer or member of the State Police 
Force or designated officer of the State Highway 
Department, who shall be in uniform or shall 
exhibit his badge or other sign of authority and 
shall upon request exhibit his registration cer- 
tificate or license, and shall write his name in the 

120 



presence of such officer if so required for the 
purpose of establishing his identity. He shall also 
furnish to any legally constituted authority any 
information in his possession as to the identity 
of the operator or owner of any motor vehicle. 

Section 27. Operators of motor vehicles shall 
have the same rights upon the public highways as 
the drivers of other vehicles, and no public high- 
way open to other vehicles shall be closed to 
motor vehicles. 

Section 28. It being the purpose of this act to 
provide a system or code of law regulating the 
use and operation of motor vehicles throughout 
this Commonwealth, no city, borough, incorpor- 
ated town, township or county shall hereafter 
adopt, maintain or enforce any rule, regulation 
or ordinance regulating the speed, equipment, 
use or operation of motor vehicles other than 
city or borough ordinances, regulating the stop- 
ping and parking of vehicles, the use of certain 
streets as one-way streets, or regulating the kind 
and weight of traffic on certain streets and in 
public parks, or the establishment of safety zones ; 
provided, however, that no such special regula- 
tion shall be effective unless notice of the same 
is posted conspicuously by the municipality mak- 
ing the same at points where any highway af- 
fected therebv joins other highways, and no regu- 
lation shall be valid which excludes such vehicles 
from any State highway or from any main high- 
way leading from one municipality to another. 

Provided that any city may regulate the trans- 
portation by motor vehicles of passengers for pay 
within the limits of such city or from points in 
the city to points beyond the city limits, and make 
and enforce regulations for the operation of such 
vehicles not inconsistent with this act, and desig- 

121 



nate certain streets upon which such vehicles 
may be operated. 

Section 29. All informations for offenses de- 
lined in this act committed by motor vehicle own- 
ers or users shall be brought under this act and 
not under any local ordinance, rule or regulation, 
-aid all such informations shall be made before a 
Mayor, Burgess, Magistrate, Alderman or Justice 
of the Peace within the city, borough, incorporated 
town or township wherein such offense is alleged 
to have occurred, except in the case of misde- 
meanors, when the information shall be made in 
the county wherein the offense is alleged to have 
occurred. 

When the rate of speed of any motor vehicle is 
timed on a measured stretch of any highway for 
the purnose of ascertaining whether or not the 
operator of such motor vehicle is violating the 
provisions of this act, such time shall be taken 
by not less than two (2) persons, one of whom 
shall have been stationed at each end of such 
measured stretch, and no convictions shall be had 
upon the unsupported evidence of one person, and 
no such measured stretch shall be less than one- 
eighth (Vs) of a mile in length. 

Section 30. In any proceeding for the viola- 
tion of the provisions of this act or for damages 
growing out of the use or operation of a motor 
vehicle, the registration number displayed on such 
motor vehicle shall be prima facie evidence that 
the owner of such vehicle was then operating the 
same. Provided, however, that if at any hear- 
ing or proceeding the owner shall testify under 
oath or affirmation that he was not operating the 
said motor vehicle at the time of the alleged 
violation of this act and shall submit himself to 
an examination as to who at that time was oper- 
122 



ating such motor vehicle and reveal the name of 
ihe person if known to him, or if the informa- 
tion is made in a county other than that of his 
own residence shall forward to the Mayor, 
Burgess, Magistrate, Alderman or Justice of the 
Peace an affidavit setting forth these facts, then 
the prima facie evidence arising from the regis- 
tration number shall be overcome and removed, 
and the burden of proof shifted. 

Section 31. Constables and police officers of 
the State and of the cities, boroughs, incorpor- 
ated towns, townships and counties of this Com- 
monwealth may arrest upon view any person or 
persons violating any of the provisions of this 
act. and such officer shall forthwith make and 
hie with the Mayor, Burgess, Magistrate, Alder- 
man or Justice of the Peace before whom the per- 
son arrested is taken an affidavit setting forth in 
detail the offense complained of and at once fur- 
nish a copy thereof to the person arrested. 

If the defendant is unable to give bail as is pro- 
vided for in section thirty-three of this act for a 
hearing or for his appearance at Court, the Mayor, 
Burgess, Magistrate. Alderman or Justice of the 
Peace shall accept as bail any article of sufficient 
value, or provided the defendant is the owner 
thereof shall hold in custody the motor vehicle 
found in his possession, and the Court, Mayor, 
Burgess, Magistrate, Alderman or Justice of the 
Peace after the trial of the defendant, or when 
bail according to law has been given, shall make 
such order as to the disposition of such motor 
vehicle or other articles accepted as bail as shall 
seem just and proper. 

Section 32. Proceedings under this act may be 
commenced by warrant issued in the name of the 
Commonwealth, which warrant may be served 
123 



by a constable, policeman or other officer having 
authority to serve warrants in the county in 
which the violation is alleged to have been com- 
mitted, but if the person charged cannot be served 
within such county, then the Burgess, Magistrate, 
Alderman or Justice of the Peace shall deputize 
a constable, policeman or other officer having 
legal authority to serve warrants in the county 
wherein the person charged resides or may be 
found who shall serve such warrant, and for such 
service shall receive the usual fee and expenses 
therefor as allowed by law for such service. 

A copy of the information shall be served 
with such warrant, and the officer serving such 
warrant shall take the defendant before the near- 
est Magistrate, Alderman or Justice of the Peace 
of the county in which the defendant is found, 
who shall take bail either for the defendant's 
appearance before the Mayor, Burgess, Magis- 
trate, Alderman or Justice of the Peace who 
issued the warrant or for his appearance for trial 
in the proper court if a summary hearing is 
waived. 

All informations charging violations of any of 
the provisions of this act, excepting violations of 
the provisions in sections three, ten, eleven, four- 
teen, sixteen, twenty-three, twenty-four, thirty- 
four and thirty-five, shall be brought within two 
(2) weeks after the commission of the alleged 
offense and not after. Provided, That before 
the service of any warrant and within the period 
of seven (7) davs after information has been 
lodged, the Mayor, Burgess. Magistrate, Alder- 
man or Justice of the Peace shall mail to the per- 
son so charged at the address shown by the rec- 
ords of the State Highway Department a notice 
in writing of the issuing of the warrant, together 
with a copy of the information, and if the per- 

124 



son named in the warrant shall not voluntarily 
appear within ten (10) days thereafter the war- 
rant may then be served as herein provided. 

Section 33. Any person, except as provided in 
sections three, eleven, fourteen, sixteen, twenty- 
three, twenty-four, thirty-four and thirty-five, 
convicted of violating any of the provisions of 
this act shall be subject to a fine or penalty of 
not less than ten ($10.00) dollars, nor more than 
twenty-live ($25.00) dollars, to be collected by 
summary conviction before any Mayor, Burgess, 
Magistrate, Alderman or Justice of the Peace 
as like fines and penalties are now by law col- 
lected, or in case of non-payment of such fine to 
undergo an imprisonment in the county jail for 
a period not exceeding five (5) days, provided 
that any person so convicted shall have the right 
of appeal as in other cases of summary convic- 
tion, and further provided that any person ac- 
cused of violating any of the provisions of this 
act may waive the summary hearing and give 
bond in a sum equal to double the amount of the 
maximum fine that might be imposed for appear- 
ance for trial before a Judge of the Court of 
Quarter Sessions, or in the County Court, or in 
the Municipal Court in counties wherein such 
courts exist, and thereupon the Burgess, Magis- 
trate, Alderman or Justice of the Peace shall 
within fifteen (15) days return the complaint or 
information to the said Court, and if any person 
so accused shall be convicted in such Court of the 
offense charged, he shall be subject to a fine of 
not less than ten ($10.00) dollars, nor more than 
twenty-five ($25.00) dollars, or in case of non- 
payment of such fine to undergo imprisonment in 
the county jail for a period not exceeding five 
(5) days. 

Any person previously convicted of violating 

125 



any of the provisions of this act shall upon con- 
viction of any second or subsequent violation 
within a period of six (6) months after such 
conviction be subject to pay a fine of not less 
than twenty-five ($25.00) dollars nor more than 
fifty ($50.00) dollars, or in case of non-payment 
of such fine to undergo imprisonment in the 
county jail for a period of not exceeding teii 
(10) days, provided that any person so accused 
of any second or subsequent violation of the pro- 
visions of this act shall have the same right of ap- 
peal rjr may waive summary hearing in the same 
manner and upon the same conditions as is pro- 
vided for in cases of first violation. 

Section 34. Every Mayor, Burgess. Magistrate, 
Alderman or Justice of the Peace shall in every 
case arising under this act make and preserve for 
the period of one (1) year an exact record of 
the proceeding's, showing fine and costs paid if 
any. which shall be subject to inspection on de- 
mand of any person. 

The Mayor, Burgess, Magistrate, Alderman or 
Justice of the Peace shall deliver without charge 
to the defendant a receipt showing in detail the 
amount of fine and costs imposed upon and paid 
by him. 

Xo Mayor, Burgess. Magistrate. Alderman or 
Justice of the Peace shall divide the fees of his 
office with anv constable or other officer, or with 
any individual not an officer who may assist in 
making an arrest or furnish evidence in any case 
arising under this act. 

Any Mayor. Burgess, Magistrate. Alderman. 
Justice of the Peace or other officer violating any 
of the provisions of -this section shall be deemed 
guilty of a misdemeanor in office and upon con- 
viction thereof shall be sentenced to pay a fine of 
not less than one hundred ($100.00) dollars nor 

126 



more than live hundred ($500.00) dollars, or 
undergo imprisonment in the county jail for a 
period not exceeding sixty (60) days, or both, 
at the discretion of the Court. 

Section 35. All tines and penalties collected 
under the nrovisions of this act for violations 
of the same, and all bail forfeited, shall be paid to 
the State Treasurer to be placed in a deposit 
fund to be available for the use of the State 
Highway Department, except those collected for 
violations of the provisions as to speed or weight, 
which shall be paid to the treasurer of the city, 
borough, town or township wherein the violation 
occurred, to be used for the construction, repair 
and maintenance of the highways thereof, and 
sworn statements of all fines and penalties so col- 
lected shall also be made upon blanks to be fur- 
nished by the State Highway Department by the 
Burgess, Magistrate, Justice of the Peace or 
other officer imposing or receiving the same to 
the State Highway Commissioner. Said reports 
shall be made quarterly, not later than the tenth 
(10th) day of the months of January, April, 
July and October of each year. Any Burgess, 
Magistrate, Justice of the Peace or other officer 
who shall fail to make such quarterly reports and 
returns, or either of them shall be deemed guilty 
of a misdemeanor in office and upon conviction 
thereof, shall be subject to a fine of not less than 
one hundred ($100.00) dollars nor more than 
five hundred ($500.00) dollars, or imprisonment 
in the countv jail for a period of sixty (60) 
days, or both, at the discretion of the Court. 

Section 36. All civil actions for damages aris- 
ing from the use and operation of any motor 
vehicle may at the discretion of the plaintiff be 
brought in the county wherein the alleged dam- 
ages were sustained and service of process may 

127 



be made by the sheriff of the county where the 
suit is brought, deputizing the sheriff of the 
county wherein the defendant or his registered 
agent resides or where service may be had upon 
him under the existing laws of this Common- 
wealth in like manner as process may now be 
served in the proper county. 

Section 37. The act approved April twenty- 
third, one thousand nine hundred and three, en- 
titled, "An act relating to automobiles or motor 
vehicles, providing for the registration thereof, 
regulating the speed limit upon the public high- 
ways within this Commonwealth, providing for 
the licensing of the operators thereof and fixing 
the amount of the license, regulating the service 
of process and of proceedings in actions of dam- 
ages arising therefrom, and prescribing the pen- 
alties for the violation of the provisions of the 
same," and the act approved April nineteenth, 
one thousand nine hundred and five, entitled. 
"An act relating to automobiles or motor vehicles, 
regulating the speed limit upon the streets and 
public highways of this Commonwealth, provid- 
ing for the licensing of the operators thereof by 
the State Highway Department and fixing the 
amount of said license, regulating the service of 
process and of proceedings of actions in dam- 
ages arising therefrom, and prescribing the pen- 
alties for the violations of the provisions of the 
same," and the act approved April twenty-seventh, 
one thousand nine hundred and nine, entitled, 
"An act relating to motor vehicles, regulating 
their speed upon the public streets and highways 
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, providing 
for their registration and the licensing of opera- 
tors by the State Highway Department, establish- 
ing the rights of motor vehicles upon the public 
highways with relation to other vehicles, regulat- 

128 



ing the service of process and of proceedings in 
actions for damages arising therefrom, prescrib- 
ing the penalties for violations of the provisions 
of this act and providing for the disposition of 
fines imposed thereunder," and the act approved 
April twenty-first, one thousand nine hundred and 
eleven, entitled, "An act to amend section seven 
of an act entitled, 'An act relating to motor 
vehicles, regulating their speed upon the public 
streets and highways of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, providing for their registration and 
the licensing of operators by the State Highway 
Department, establishing the rights of motor 
vehicles upon the public highways with relation 
to other vehicles, regulating the service of 
process and of proceedings in actions for dam- 
ages arising therefrom, prescribing the penalties 
for violations of the provisions of this act and 
providing for the disposition of fines imposed 
thereunder/ by striking out from section seven 
of said act the word 'hire' wherever it may oc- 
cur in said section, and the act approved June 
first, one thousand nine hundred and eleven, en- 
titled, "An act to amend the first section of an 
act approved the twenty-seventh day of April, 
Anno Domini one thousand nine hundred and 
nine, entitled, 'An act -relating to motor vehicles, 
regulating their speed upon the public streets and 
highways of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, 
providing for their registration and the licens- 
ing of operators by the State Highway Depart- 
ment, establishing the rights of motor vehicles 
upon the public highways with relation to other 
vehicles, regulating the service of process and of 
proceedings in actions for damages arising there- 
from, prescribing the penalties for violations of 
the provisions of this act and providing for the 
disposition of fines imposed thereunder by ex- 

129 



empting hospital motor ambulances and motor 
fire engines and motor fire apparatus and requir- 
ing them to be furnished free of charge with 
registration certificates and number tags," and 
the act approved July seventh, one thousand nine 
hundred and thirteen, entitled, "An act relating 
to and regulating motor vehicles and vehicles 
trailing after or propelled by motor vehicles, 
controlling their speed upon the public streets 
and highways in the Commonwealth of Penn- 
sylvania, providing for their registration and 
licensing of certain operators by the State High- 
way Department, prohibiting the operation of 
any motor vehicle by any person when intoxi- 
cated or without the consent of the owner, for- 
bidding the passage of any law laying a tax upon 
or requiring the registration of motor vehicles or 
licensing of any operator or regulating the speed 
of motor vehicles by any county, borough, city, 
incorporated town or township, establishing the 
rights of motor vehicles upon the public high- 
ways with relation to other vehicles, providing 
for their equipment and for the width of tires to 
be used upon motor vehicles and vehicles trail- 
ing after or propelled by motor vehicles, regulat- 
ing the service of process and proceedings in ac- 
tions for damages arising therefrom, providing 
for arrest and for services of process and pro- 
ceedings for violation of this act, prescribing the 
penalties therefor, and providing for the disposi- 
tion of fees collected and fines imposed there- 
under," and all other acts or parts of acts in- 
consistent herewith shall be and the same are 
hereby repealed. 

Provided, however, That the provisions of the : 
said act approved July seventh, one thousand 
nine hundred and thirteen relating to the reg- 
istration of motor vehicles and trailers, and the 

130 



licensing of operators and the fees therefor, shall 
remain in full force and effect until December 
thirty-first, one thousand nine hundred and nine- 
teen. 

No. 395. 

AN ACT 

Regulating the sale, conveyance, transfer or dis- 
position of second-hand motor vehicles, requir- 
ing the making and filing of sworn descriptions 
thereof and statements in relation thereto, reg- 
ulating the registry of such vehicles, imposing- 
certain duties on the State Highway Commis- 
sioner relative to such stolen vehicles, for- 
hidding the removal, defacement, alteration, 
destruction, obliteration or concealment of the 
trademarks, identification numbers, serial num- 
bers or other distinguishing marks of motor 
vehicles, or the having possession of motor 
vehicles or parts thereof on or from which 
such trade or other distinguishing marks or 
numbers have been removed, defaced, altered, 
destroyed, obliterated or concealed, imposing 
certain duties upon deputy sheriffs, constables, 
police officers and proprietors of public gar- 
ages, prohibiting the registration of motor 
vehicles subject to the provisions of this act 
unless in compliance with its terms, providing 
for the licensing of the business of dealing 
in second-hand motor vehicles and fixing pen- 
alties for violation of the provisions of this 

131 



act and providing that the making of a false 
affidavit under the provisions of this act shall 
be perjury and shall he punishable as such. 

Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and 
House of Representatives of the Commonwealth 
of Pennsylvania in General Assembly met, and 
it is hereby enacted by the authority of the same, 
That the term "motor vehicle" as used in this 
act shall include automobiles, motor bicycles, 
motorcycles, trucks, tractors and all other vehicles 
which are self-propelled or designed to be self- 
propelled by mechanical power except those run- 
ning upon or guided by rails or tracks. The 
term "person" as herein used shall include the 
singular and plural numbers and shall embrace 
all individuals of either sex, whether acting on 
their own behalf or as members, officers, em- 
ployees, agents or other representatives of any 
other individual or of any firm, copartnership, 
corporation, association or artificial body or any 
kind or character whatsoever. The term used 
"motor vehicle" for the purposes of this act is 
defined to mean a motor vehicle which has been 
sold, bargains, exchanged, given away by or 
title transferred from the person who first took 
title to it from the manufacturer or importer, 
or the agent of the manufacturer or importer. 
and is to include all motor vehicles which have 
been in use in such manner as to have become 
what are commonly known as "second-hand" 
motor vehicles or automobiles within such def- 
inition. 

Section 2. That from and after the passage of 
this act it shall be unlawful for any person to 
sell, convey, transfer or pass title to any used 
motor vehicle unless he shall at or before such 
sale, conveyance, transfer or passage of title de- 

132 



liver to the vendee, buyer or transferee thereof 
a full description of such used motor vehicle in 
duplicate. The said description shall include the 
name of the manufacturer thereof, the horse- 
power of such used motor vehicle, the number 
under which it was last registered with the State 
Highway Department of the Commonwealth of 
Pennsylvania, or if not so registered in this Com- 
monwealth the name of the State wherein it is 
so registered and the number of the last register 
therein, together with a full account of any num- 
bers and marks thereon which may identify or 
tend to identify the said motor vehicle. The 
said duplicate description of such used motor 
vehicle shall be accompanied by a written state- 
ment also in duplicate of the name or names and 
residence or residences of the bona fide owner 
or owners of such used motor vehicles from 
whom the person transferring the same derived 
title thereto or ownership thereof. The residence 
or residences so stated shall be by city, borough, 
township or county, together with the street and 
number or post office address, if any, of such 
former owner or owners, or if there be no such 
addresses, then by such description, designation 
or information as may reasonably fix the place 
or places, residence or residences of such former 
owner or owners or the place where he, she or 
they may be found, with his, her or their occupa- 
tion and place of business or employment if em- 
ployed by any other person or persons, and the 
name of such employer, and shall also contain 
the date and place when and where the owner- 
ship of the said used motor vehicle by the person 
transferring the same began, and whether he 
acquired title thereto by purchase from such last 
owner or in what manner he did acquire such 
title; such statement shall further set forth any 

133 



or all changes and alterations in the finish, design 
or appearance of the said used motor vehicle 
which had been made within the knowledge of 
the person making the statement, and it shall be 
verified in duplicate by his oath or affidavit. 

Section 3. That from and after the passage 
of this act it shall be the duty of any person who 
buys, purchases, procures or .otherwise acquires 
title to any used motor vehicle to obtain from 
the vendor or transferee thereof a written descrip- 
tion and statement in duplicate provided for in 
section two of this act. and it shall further be the 
duty of such person buying, purchasing, procuring 
or otherwise acquiring title thereto to make a 
written statement in duplicate containing such 
vendee or transferee's name, residence or resi- 
dences by city, borough and county, together with 
the street and number or post office address if 
any of such vendee or transferee, or if there be 
no such address, then by such description, designa- 
tion or information as may reasonably fix the 
place or places of residence of such vendee or 
transferee or the place where he or she may be 
found, with his or her occupation and place of 
business or employment, if employed by any other 
person or persons, and the name of such em- 
ployer or employers, and a description of the 
motor vehicle acquired, including the name of 
the manufacturer thereof, the horse-power, the 
number under which it was last registered with 
the State Highway Department of the Common- 
wealth of Pennsylvania, or if not so registered 
in this Commonwealth, the name of the State 
wherein it is so registered and the number of the 
last register therein, together with a full account 
of any numbers and marks thereon which may 
identify or tend to identify the said motor ve- 
hicle. The said statement and description in dpuli- 

134 



cate shall be verified by the oath or affirmation of 
such vendee or transferee that the matters stated 
therein are true and the vendee or transferee shall 
within ten days after acquiring such motor ve- 
hicle file one copy of each of the said verified 
statement and description prescribed by this act 
in the office of the State Highway Commissioner 
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and one 
copy of each of the said verified statements and 
descriptions in the office of the chief of police of 
the city or borough wherein the acquisition was 
made if it be made in the city or borough having 
a chief of police, or otherwise with the office 
of the clerk of the court of quarter sessions of 
the county in which such acqusiition has been 
made. 

Section 4. That the Commissioner of the 
State Highway Department of this Common- 
wealth shall not register any used motor vehicle 
or issue any certificate of registration thereof 
or number tags therefor unless and until the 
owner thereof shall have complied with the pro- 
visions of this act. The State Highway Com- 
missioner shall cause the statements and descrip- 
tions hereinabove directed to be furnished him 
to be recorded in a book to be kept for that pur- 
pose, and he shall upon request furnish a certifi- 
cate or certificates of such recording upon pay- 
ment of the fees receivable by him for similar 
services. He may prescribe the form of the 
statements and certificates hereinabove directed to 
be made and shall be entitled to receive from the 
vendee or transferee of each used motor vehicle 
the sum of two dollars and fifty cents ($2.50) 
for each statement and description furnished 
him in accordance with the provisions of this 
act. 

Section 5. It shall be the duty of the State 

135 



Highway Commissioner whenever he may receive 
a report of the theft of a motor vehicle, whether 
the same has been registered or not and whether 
owned in this or any other State, together with 
the make and manufacturer's number thereof, to 
make a distinctive record thereof and file the 
same in numerical order of the manufacturer's 
number with the records of /the vehicles of such 
make already registered. In the event of the 
receipt of an application for the registration of 
such motor vehicle he shall immediately notify 
the rightful owner thereof and unless registration 
has already been issued shall withhold the issu- 
ing of a registration certificate until a proper 
investigation shall have been made. 

In' the event of the recovery of a stolen vehicle 
of which the Highway Commissioner has been 
notified it shall be the duty of the owner to 
notify immediately the Highway Commissioner, 
who shall cause the record of the theft of such 
vehicle to be removed from the file. 

Section 6. That it shall be unlawful and it is 
hereby forbidden for any person intentionally or 
knowingly to remove, deface, alter, change, de- 
stroy or obliterate or in any manner whatsoever 
cause or procure to be removed, defaced, altered, 
changed, destroyed or obliterated any trade-mark, 
manufacturer's number or identification number, 
serial number or distinguishing mark of any kind 
or character on or from any motor vehicle. 

Section 7. That it shall be unlawful and it is 
hereby prohibited for any person to have in his 
possession any motor vehicle or any part or parts 
thereof with the knowledge that any trade-mark, 
distinguishing or identification number, manu- 
facturer's number, serial number or mark has 
been or is removed, defaced, destroyed or ob- 
literated or so covered as to be concealed or 



where such trade-mark, distinguishing or identifi- 
cation number, manufacturer's number, serial 
number or mark has been or is altered or chang- 
ed in any manner whatsoever. Any person hav- 
ing in his possession any motor vehicle or part 
or parts thereof from which such trade-marks, 
distinguishing or identification number, manu- 
facturer's number, serial number or mark has 
been so removed, defaced, destroyed or obliter- 
ated, covered, altered or changed shall be prima 
facie presumed to have knowledge thereof and 
the burden of proof shall rest upon such person 
to show that he had no such knowledge. 

Tt shall be the duty of every sheriff, deputy 
sheriff, constable or police officer having knowl- 
edge of any motor vehicle on v/hich the manu- 
facturer's number or identification mark has 
been defaced, altered or obliterated to seize and 
take possession of the same and to arrest the 
owner or custodian thereof and make information 
against him for violation of this act and to 
notify immediately the State Highway Commis- 
sioner. 

Section 8. The proprietor of every public 
garage shall cause a record to be kept after the 
manner to be prescribed by the State Highway 
Commissioner of the names of any and all per- 
sons owning or having charge of any motor ve- 
hicle stored or left for repairs or other purposes 
at any such public garage, together with the make, 
manufacturer's number, name of the State of 
registration and the registration number of such 
motor vehicles. Such record shall be kept in 
ink or indelible pencil and shall be open to the 
inspection of police officers or other proper au- 
thorities. Such records shall be retained and be 
available for a period of one (1) year after the 
entry but not thereafter. He shall also immedi- 

137 



ately notify the local police authorities and the 
State Highway Commissioners of any such motor 
vehicle whereon the manufacturer's number or 
mark has apparently been altered, obliterated or 
removed. 

Section 9. That after the first day of July 
one thousand nine hundred and nineteen it shall 
be unlawful and it is hereby forbidden for any 
person to carry on or conduct in this Common- 
wealth the business of buying, selling or dealing 
in used motor vehicles unless and until he shall 
have received a license from the Commissioner 
of Highways of the Commonwealth authorizing 
the carrying on or conducting of such business ; 
such license shall be furnished annually by the 
said Commissioner and shall run from the first 
day of July one thousand nine hundred and nine- 
teen and annually thereafter for each year begin- 
ning on the first day of July. Application for 
such licenses shall be made not later than the 
fifteenth day of June of each year. The said ap- 
plications shall be in such form as may be pre- 
scribed by the said Commissioner of Highways 
and subject to such rules and regulations with 
respect thereto as may be so prescribed by him. 
Such applications shall be verified by oath or 
affirmation and shall contain a full statement of 
the name or names of the person or persons ar> 
plying therefor, the name of the firm or copart- 
nership, with the names and places of residence 
of all the members thereof ; if such applicant be a 
firm or copartnership, the name and residence of 
the principal officers ; if the applicant be a body 
corporate or other artificial body, the location of 
the place or all the places at which such business 
is to be carried on and conducted, and said appli- 
cation shall contain such other relevant informa- 
tion as may be prescribed by the Commissioner 

138 



of Highways. It shall be accompanied by an affi- 
davit of two reputable persons of the community 
in which such business is to be conducted and 
carried on certifying to the good moral character 
of the person or persons applying for such license,- 
Upon making such application the person apply- 
ing therefor shall pay to the State Highway Com- 
mission a fee of one hundred dollars ($100.00). 
A license certificate shall be issued by the State 
Highway Commissioner in accordance with such 
application when the same shall be regular in 
form and in compliance with the provisions of 
this section, and such license when so issued shall 
entitle the licensee to carry on and conduct the 
business of buying and selling and dealing in 
used motor vehicles for a period of one year 
from the first day of July of the then current 
year and they shall be annually renewed. The 
Commissioner of Highways shall have power to 
make suitable rules and regulations for the issu- 
ance of such licenses to expire upon the first of 
the succeeding July when the application therefore 
shall be made during the current year and upon 
payment of a proportionate part of the license 
fee hereinabove provided for. 

Section 10. That the violation of any of the 
provisions of this act shall constitute a misde- 
meanor and upon conviction thereof the person 
or persons so convicted shall be subject to a line 
and penalty as set forth hereafter. 

For a violation of Section 2 of this act, to a 
fine of not less than one hundred ($100) dollars 
and not more than two hundred ($200) dollars 
or to imprisonment for not less than three months 
or more than six months or both, at the discre- 
tion of the court; for a violation of Section 3 
of this act, to a fine of not less than three hun- 
dred ($300) dollars and not more than one thou- 

139 



sand ($1,000) dollars or to imprisonment for not 
less than one year or more than three years or 
both, at the discretion of the court; for a viola- 
tion of Section 6 of this act, <to a fine of not less 
than one hundred ($100) dollars and not more 
than three hundred ($300) dollars or to impris- 
onment for not less than six months or more 
irhan one year or both, at the discretion of the 
•court; for a violation of Section 7 of this act, 
to a fine of not less than one hundred ($100) 
-dollars and not more than two hundred ($200 ) 
dollars or to imprisonment for not less than 
three months or more than six months or both, 
at the discretion of the court; for a violation of 
Sections 8 and 9 of this act, to a fine of not less 
than three hundred ($300) dollars and not more 
than one thousand ($1,000) dollars or to im- 
prisonment for not less than one year or more 
than three years or both, at the discretion of the 
court. Any person who shall make any false affi- 
davit or shall knowingly swear or affirm falsely 
to any matter or thing required by the terms of 
this act to be sworn or affirmed to shall be guilty 
of perjury and upon conviction shall be punish- 
able by fine and imprisonment as other persons 
committing perjury are punishable. 

Section 11. The State Highway Commissioner 
shall cause the original statement and description 
of second-hand cars and the records pertaining 
to stolen cars on file in his office to be destroyed 
three (3) years after such records were re- 
ceived. 

Section 12. The moneys derived under the 
provisions of this act from license fees, issuance 
of statements and certificates shall be paid by 
the State Highway Department into the State 
Treasury for safe keeping and shall by the State 
.Treasurer be placed in a separate fund to be 

14* 



available for the use of the State Highway De- 
partment upon requisition of the State Highway 
Commissioner. All such moneys hereafter paid 
into the State Treasury are hereby specifically 
appropriated to the State Highway Department 
for the purpose of assisting in the maintenance 
and repairs of State highways of Pennsylvania. 
All fines and penalties collected under the pro- 
visions of this act for violations of the same and 
bail forfeited shall be paid to the State Highway 
Department and by the State Highway Depart- 
ment into the State Treasury for safe keeping 
and shall by the State Treasurer be placed in a 
separate fund to be available for the use of the 
State Highway Department upon requisition of 
the State Highway Commissioner. All such mon- 
eys hereafter paid into the State Treasury are 
hereby specifically appropriated to the State High- 
way Department for the purpose of assisting in 
the maintenance and repairs of State highways 
in Pennsylvania. 

Section 13. All acts or parts of acts inconsist- 
ent herewith be and the same are hereby re- 
pealed. 

Section 14. Except as otherwise hereinabove 
provided, this act shall take effect immediately 
upon its passage. 



Ml 



The Motor Vehicle 
Act of New Jersey 

TOGETHER WITH THE 

TRAFFIC ACT 



INCLUDING ALL ACTS 
AMENDATORY THEREOF 
AND SUPPLEMENTAL 
THERETO TO THE END 
OF THE LEGISLATIVE 
SESSION OF 1918 



COMPILED BY THE DEPARTMENT 

OF MOTOR VEHICLES OF NEW 

JERSEY, WILLIAM L. DILL 

COMMISSIONER 

JULY I, 1918 



FACTS WHICH EVERY MOTORIST SHOULD 
KNOW 

Drivers' licenses and car registrations expire 
on December 31st of each year. New number 
plates may be displayed on that date. 

Drivers' licenses may be renewed upon pre- 
sentation of the old cards, provided the same 
have been issued within three years from the date 
when such renewal is requested. 

Never permit any person under sixteen years 
of age to operate your car. 

Do not allow any one to operate your car 
unless he or she has a driver's license or learn- 
er's permit. If operator has a learner's permit, 
then it is necessary that he or she be accom- 
panied by a New Jersey licensed operator. 

Automobiles registered in New Jersey and dis- 
playing thereon New Jersey numeral plates may 
only be operated by New Jersey licensed drivers. 
Always carry the car registration certificate and 
the driver's license card with you. 

Never allow the car to be operated unless both 
license plates are in place ; if one or both are lost, 
duplicates should at once be secured at the near- 
est agency. 

Do not make a license plate to replace a lost 
one. The use of any substitute plate will get you 
into trouble. 

Do not attempt to operate your car with any 
license plates other than the ones originally issued 
for same. Transfer of registration plates from 
one machine to another, or from one owner to 
another, can onlv be legalized through a registra- 
tion agency. 

Lights must be lighted from one-half hour 
after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise. 

144 



The rear light must be displayed so that it will 
shine on the rear license plate, and that portion 
of the light showing in the rear must be red in 
color. 

Remember — that every motor vehicle must be 
registered in the name of the owner. 

Don't forget to "STOP— LOOK AND 
LISTEN" at Railroad Crossings. 

Always operate your car in a careful manner. 
Reckless driving is responsible for a large num- 
ber of accidents. See that you are not at fault. 
A child on the curb can start quicker than you 
can stop. 

The law gives to vehicles approaching from 
vour right at all street intersections the right of 
way. BE SURE YOU OBSERVE THIS RULE. 

Never use your muffler cut-out. as it is pro- 
hibited by law. 

Test your brakes frequently. The law requires 
that each motor vehicle shall be equipped with 
two brakes, each powerful in action and working 
independently. 

See that your car is equipped with an audrble 
horn and a mirror. 

. Any device for dimming your lights, dependent 
upon the will of the operator, is illegal. Use a 
device approved by the Department. 

Read Section 23, of the Motor Vehicle Act, 
carefully. It will tell you at what speed your 
car may be operated. Any speed in excess of 
the maximum allowed by law will be severely 
dealt with. 

Commercial vehicle registrations can only be 
used on vehicles equipped whole or in part with 
solid rubber tires. 



Lastly, and most important, pedestrians have 
the right of way at street intersections. 

ALL PROVISIONS OF THE MOTOR 
VEHICLE AND TRAFFIC ACTS WILL BE 
RIGIDLY ENFORCED. 

Additional copies of this law may be had upon 
application to the Commissioner. 

Any question relating to the registration and 
operation of motor vehicles will be cheerfully 
answered. 

WILLIAM L. DILL, 

Commissioner. 

Office of the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 
State House, Trenton, New Jersey. 



THE MOTOR VEHICLE ACT OF NEW 
JERSEY 

(P. L. 1906, p. 177.) 
Including all acts amendatory thereof and sup- 
plemental thereto to the end of the Legislative 
Session of 1918. 



PART I. 
Section 1. 

Definitions of "Motor Vehicles" "Motor 
Cycle," "Automobile," "Magistrate" — As used in 
this act : 

(1) The term "motor vehicle" includes all 
vehicles propelled otherwise than by muscular 
power, excepting such vehicles as run only upon 
rails or tracks. 

146 



(2) The term "motor cycle" includes only- 
motor vehicles having pedals and saddle with 
driver sitting astride. 

(3) The term "automobile" includes all motor 
vehicles except motor cycles. 

(4) The word "magistrate" shall be deemed 
and understood to mean and include all justices 
of the peace, judges of the city criminal courts, 
police justices, recorders, mayor and other officers 
having the power of a committing magistrate. 
Amended P. L. 1915, p. 231. 

Section 2. 
Certain Vehicles Excepted. — Automobile lire 
engines and such self-propelling vehicles as are 
used neither for the conveyance of persons foi 
hire, pleasure or business, nor for the transporta- 
tion of freieht, such as steam road rollers and 
traction engines, are excepted from the provisions 
of this act. 

PART II. 

THE CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT 
OF MOTOR VEHICLES. 

Section 3. 

Signalling Device. — Every motor vehicle must 
be equipped with a plainly audible signal trumpet. 

Section 4. 
Lighting Devices on Automobile. — (1) Every 
automobile shall carry, during the period from 
thirty minutes after sunset to thirty minutes be- 
fore sunrise, and whenever fog renders it im- 
possible to see a long distance, at least two lighted 
lamps showing white or yellow-tinted lights vis- 
ible at least two hundred and fifty feet in the 

147 



direction toward which said automobile is pro- 
ceeding, and shall also exhibit a red light visible 
from the rear; the rays of such rear lamp shall 
shine upon the number plate carried on the rear 
of such vehicle in such a manner as to render 
the numerals thereon visible for at least fifty 
feet in the direction from which the motor 
vehicle is proceeding. No automobile shall be 
used upon the public highways of this State, 
which is equipped with a lamp which, when light- 
ed, is capable of projecting direct rays at a 
greater height than a parallel of four and one- 
half feet from the road; provided, however, that 
any lamp which has attached thereto any device 
which cannot be operated from the driver's seat, 
and which, when so attached, renders said lamp 
incapable, when lighted, of projecting direct rays 
at a greater height than a parallel of four and one- 
half feet from the road, shall be deemed to com- 
ply with this provision ; provided, further, hozv- 
ever, that any automobile may be equipped with a 
lamp capable of projecting direct rays at a greater 
height than a parallel of four and one-half feet 
from the road, if such lamp, when lighted, is not 
capable of producing a dazzling light or glare. 
In order that this section may be operative with- 
out hardship to the owners and operators of 
motor vehicles, the Commissioner of Motor Ve- 
hicles is hereby especially authorized to pass 
upon any lighting devices and upon the equip- 
ment of any car, and shall for this purpose ex- 
amine all lighting devices submitted to him; and 
if. in his judgment, such lighting devices, when 
properly applied to a motor vehicle licensed under 
the authority of this act, shall conform to the 
provisions of this act, he shall issue a certificate 
to the manufacturer, owner or user of such device, 
as the case may be, that the same is in compli- 
es 



ance with this section. Every automobile shall 
show at least one white or yellow-tinted light 
when standing, such white or yellow-tinted light 
to be on the side of the automobile nearest to the 
center of the road, and shall display at least one 
red light to the rear when standing. Amended 
P. L. 1908, p. 613; P. L. 1909, p. 463; P. L. 1913, 
p. 145; P. L. 1915, p. 232; P. L. 1916, p. 435; 
P. L. 1917, p. 83, and P. L. 1918, p. 238. 

Motorcycles. — (2) Every motorcycle shall carry, 
during the period from thirty minutes after sun- 
set to thirty minutes before sunrise, and whenever 
fog renders it impossible to see a long distance, 
at least one lighted lamp, showing a white or 
yellow light visible at least two hundred feet in 
the direction toward which the motorcycle is 
proceeding; and shall carry upon the rear of such 
motor cycle a red light, the rays of which shall 
shine upon the number plate which shall be fixed 
to the rear mudguard. Amended P. L. 1909, p. 
463; P. L. 1913. p. 145; P. L. 1914, p. 41; P. L. 
1918, p. 187. 

Section 4A. 

''Lights on Motor Vehicles'' — Any motorcycle 
having more than two wheels with a tread of at 
least twelve inches shall carry two white lights 
to the front, as provided in section four of the 
act to which this is a supplement. Supplement of 
P. L. 1916, p. 43. 

Section 5. 

Brakes. — Automobiles of more than ten horse- 
power shall be provided with at least two brakes, 
powerful in action and separated from each other, 
of which one brake must act directly on the drive 
wheels or on the parts of the mechanism which 
are firmly connected with the wheels. Each of 

149 



the two brakes must suffice alone to stop the 
automobile within a proper time. One of the 
two brakes must be so arranged as to be operated 
with the foot; provided, however, that on automo- 
biles not exceeding ten horse-power, one brake 
will be sufficient. Motorcycles shall be provided 
with at least one brake, which may be operated 
by hand. 

Section 6. 

Chains. — Motor vehicle tires may be fitted with 
chains when roads, streets and highways are 
slippery because of rain, snow, ice, oil or manner 
of construction ; provided, however, that no chains 
shall be used at any time on the improved high- 
ways when the same are dry, or their condition 
does not make such use necessary for the safety 
of life or property. Amended P. L. 1910, p. 348, 
and P. L. 1912, p. 25. 

Section 7. 

Mufflers. — Every motor vehicle shall have, and 
every driver of such motor vehicle shall use, 
devices to prevent excessive noise, annoying 
smoke, and the escape of gases and steam, as well 
as the falling out of embers or residue from the 
fuel; and all exhaust pipes carrying exhaust 
gases from the engine shall be directed parallel 
to the ground or slightly upward. Devices known 
as "muffler cut-outs" shall not be used within 
the State of New Jersey. Amended P. L. 1909, 
p. 463; P. L. 1912, p. 203; P. L. 1915, p. 233, and 
P. L. 1916, p. 245. 

Section 8. 

Organisation and Duties. — The Secretary of 

State shall forthwith organize in connection with 

the Department of State the Department of Motor 

Vehicle Registration and Regulation. He shall 

150 



provide suitable quarters for the same and shall 
furnish all necessary supplies and equipment for 
the proper enforcement of the provisions of this 
act. He shall approve all bills for disbursement 
of money under any of the provisions of this act, 
which shall be paid by the State Treasurer, upon 
the warrant of the Comptroller, out of any ap- 
propriation regularly made therefor. 

Section 9. 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles; Inspectors ; 
Organization of Force; Compensation ; Powers.-^- 
(9) The Assistant Secretary of State shall be ex- 
officio Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, and 
shall have personal charge and supervision of the 
enforcement of the provisions of this act, and 
shall execute all contracts entered into by the 
Department of Motor Vehicles. The Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles shall appoint a chief 
inspector of motor vehicles, who shall have prac- 
tical knowledge of the mechanical arrangement 
and capabilities of all kinds of motor vehicles, 
and be capable to pass upon the efficiency of motor 
vehicles and the competency of motor vehicle 
drivers. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
shall appoint as many inspectors as may be neces- 
sary in detecting violations of this act, in ob- 
taining evidence of violations, and otherwise as- 
sisting in the enforcement of the act. The said 
inspectors shall be chosen with special reference 
to their fitness for the work, and shall be required 
to submit themselves to such an examination as 
may be required by the Board of Civil Service 
Commissioners, and shall be equipped at his dis- 
cretion with automobiles and other means of con- 
veyance. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
may detail one of the inspectors to act as deputy 
chief inspector. Such deputy chief inspector shall 

151 



receive compensation at the rate of eighteen hun- 
dred dollars per annum while on such detail. The 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall organize 
the inspector force with the chief inspector at 
its head and shall adopt such rules and regulations 
for the regulation of the inspector force as shall 
appear desirable, and shall exercise the power of 
suspension, and, when necessary, of discharge of 
inspectors for failure to comply with the rules 
of the department, or for other cause. The com- 
pensation of these inspectors shall be twelve hun- 
dred dollar per annum for all inspectors serving 
as such for the first year; thirteen hundred dol- 
lars per annum for all inspectors serving as such 
for the second year; fourteen hundred dollars 
per annum for all inspectors serving as such for 
the third year; fifteen hundred dollars per annum 
for all inspectors serving as such for the fourth 
year; and sixteen hundred and fifty dollars per 
annum for all inspectors serving as such for at 
least five or more years; provided, however, that 
the salaries of all inspectors heretofore appointed 
shall not be decreased by this act; and further 
provided, that the period for which any inspector 
shall have been suspended by the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles shall be deducted from his 
length of service in calculating such compensa- 
tion. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall 
have power to appoint any number of citizens, 
not exceeding seventy-five, who shall be inter- 
ested in the proper enforcement of this act, and 
who shall be known as special inspectors. They 
shall serve without pay and shall have all the 
power and authority of the paid inspectors as. 
stated in this act. The Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles shall also have power to appoint, in addi- 
tion to these, such employees, officers or inspect- 
ors of other departments of the State govern- 

152 



ment, upon the request of such departments, as 
special inspectors, such appointees to serve with- 
out any additional compensation. The Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles shall also hx the com- 
pensation of clerical assistants and others em- 
ployed under this act. The compensation of the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall be fifteen 
hundred dollars per annum, in addition to any 
compensation he may receive by reason of any 
statute fixing the compensation of the Assistant 
Secretary of State, and that of the chief inspector 
shall be twenty-one hundred dollars per annum. 
Amended P. L. 1908, p. 613; P. L. 1913, p. 146; 
P. L. 1913, p. 481; P. L. 1914, p. 508; P. L. 1915, 
p. 125; P. L. 1915, p. 233; P. L. 1916. p. 295, and 
P. L. 1918, p. 184. 

Section 10. 

Registration Agents; Fees; Suspension of 
License. — The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
shall be authorized, and full power and authority 
are hereby given to him, to designate any proper 
person to be the agent of said Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles for the registering of motor 
vehicles and issuing registration certificates and 
licensing of drivers, subject to the requirements 
of this act and to such rules and regulations as 
shall be imposed by the Commissioner; and any 
agent who mav be so designated is hereby author- 
ized and required to act according and until the 
said authority so to act is revoked by the said 
Commissioner. The fee allowed such agent for 
registration certificate so issued by him and for 
every license so granted by him shall be fixed by 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, the same 
to be deducted and remitted to such agent by said 
Commissioner from the registration fee or the 
license fee paid to him; and the said Commis- 

153 



sioner may limit the fee so paid to a maximum ; 
provided, however, that every registration certiii- 
cate and evefv license certificate to drive motor 
vehicles may be suspended or revoked by the 
said Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for a viola- 
tion of any of the provisions of this act or on 
other reasonable grounds, after due notice in 
writing of such proposed suspension or revoca- 
tion and the ground thereof, and if a driver of 
motor vehicles shall have had his license sus- 
pended or revoked, a new license granted to him 
shall be void and of no effect unless it shall be 
granted by the said Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles in person; and if the registration or 
registration certificate shall have been suspended 
or revoked, a new registration made or a new 
registration certificate issued shall be void and of 
no effect unless the new registration shall be made 
and the new certificate issued under the personal 
direction of the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. 
Amended P. L. 1913, p. 739, and P. L. 1914, p. 
509. 

Section 11. 
Power to License Drivers; Examination of 
Applicants; Refusal to License. — The Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles shall be authorized, 
and full power and authority are hereby given to 
him to license at his discretion, and upon payment 
of the lawful fee any proper person of the age 
of eighteen years or over to be a motor vehicle 
driver, said Commissioner or his inspector, hav- 
ing first examined said person and being satisfied 
of his ability as an operator, which examination 
shall include a test of the knowledge on the part 
of said person of such portions of the mechanism 
of motor vehicles as is necessary, in order to in- 
sure the safe operation of a vehicle of the kind 

154 



or kinds indicated by the applicant, and of the 
laws and ordinary usages of the road, and the 
said applicant having demonstrated his ability to 
operate a vehicle of the class designated; pro- 
vided, that it shall be lawful for the Commission- 
er of Motor Vehicles to grant licenses to persons 
between the ages of sixteen and eighteen years 
who, by reason of their exceptional ability, the 
Commissioner deems proper to be licensed, such 
persons to be licensed only by the Commissioner 
after personal examination, held under his im- 
mediate supervision; and the said Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles may, in his discretion, refuse 
to grant a license to drive motor vehicles to any 
person who shall, in the estimation of said Com- 
missioner, be an improper person to be granted 
such a license, and the said Commissioner shall 
have power to grant a registration certificate to 
the owner of any motor vehicle, application for 
registration having properly been made and the 
fee therefor paid, and the vehicle being of a 
type that complies with the requirements of this 
act. But it shall be lawful for the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles to refuse registrations to any 
vehicle that in his estimation is not a proper 
vehicle to be used upon public roads and higrb- 
ways of this State. Amended P. L. 1913, p. 738. 
and P. L. 1915, p. 234. 

Section 12. 

Report of Commissioner. — The Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles shall have such powers and 
duties as are in this act given and imposed, and 
shall collect such data with respect to the proper 
restrictions to be laid upon motor vehicles, and 
the use thereof upon the public roads, turnpikes 
and thoroughfares, as shall seem to be for the 
public good and under the direction of the Secre- 

155 



tary of State shall report to each Legislature the 
operations of his office for the year ending on 
the next preceding thirty-first of December. It 
shall be his duty to attend to the enforcement 
of the provisions of this act. 
Section 13. 
Record of Official Acts; Seal. — The Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles shall keep a record of 
all his official acts, and shall preserve copies of 
all decisions, rules and orders made by him. and 
shall adopt an official seal. Copies of any act, 
rule, order or decision made by him, and of any 
paper or papers filed in his office may be authen- 
ticated under said seal, and when so authenticat- 
ed shall be evidence equally with and in like 
manner as the originals, and said Commissioner 
shall be emoowered to communicate with the 
police departments and peace officers in the 
State for the purpose of and with the object of 
the proper enforcement of this act. 

Section 14. 
Inspectors' Badge; Arrest without Warant. — 
Motor vehicle inspectors may be appointed as 
provided in section nine of this act, and shall 
be presented with a badge indicative of their of- 
fice, and when wearing such badge on the left 
breast of the outermost garment shall have power 
to stop any motor vehicle and examine the same 
to see that it complies with the requirements of 
this act, whether in matter of equipment, identifi- 
cation or otherwise; to require the production of 
the license of the driver; to arrest, without war- 
rant, for violations of this act committed in their 
presence, and generally to act as special officers 
for the enforcement of the provisions of this act 
and for the detection and arrest of those who 
violate or infringe upon the provisions hereof. 

156 



PART IV. 

THE OPERATION OF MOTOR VEHICLES. 

Section 15. 

Fictitious Numbers. — No person shall drive a 
motor vehicle, the owner of which vehicle shall 
not have complied with the provisions of this act 
concerning the proper registration and identifica- 
tion of the same; nor shall any person drive a 
motor vehicle which shall display on the front 
or back thereof a fictitious number, or a number 
other than that designated for such motor vehicle 
in the New Jersey registration certificate of such 
motor vehicle. This section shall not apply to 
the owners or drivers of automobiles licensed 
pursuant to subdivision three of section sixteen 
of this act, but such automobiles licensed under 
said section shall at all times display on the 
back thereof the registration number of said 
automobile under the laws of the State in which 
the business of the owner shall be conducted, as 
provided in the said section, and no other number 
shall be required or shall be displayed upon the 
said automobile. Amended P. L. 1908, p. 615. 

Section 16. 

* Power of Attorney to Secretary of State. — 
* * * (1) Each owner having a residence out- 
side of the State shall file with the Secretary of 
State a duly executed instrument, constituting the 
Secretary of State and his successors in office, 
the true and lawful attorney upon whom all orig- 
inal process in any action or legal proceeding 



*The omitted portions of this section have been 
repealed by section 16b, paragraphs 1 to 7 inclu- 
sive. 

157 



caused by the operation of his registered motor 
vehicle, within this State, against such owner 
may be served, and therein shall agree that any 
original process against such owner shall be of 
the same force and effect as if served on such 
owner within this State; the service of such oro- 
cess shall be made by leaving a copy of the same 
in the office of the Secretary of State with a 
service fee of two dollars to be taxed on the 
plaintiff's costs of suit. Said Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles shall forthwith notify such owner 
of such service by letter directed to him at the 
post office address stated in his application. * * * 
Amended P. L. 1908, p. 615. 

Registration of Motorcycles; Fee. — (2) Every 
resident who is the owner of a motorcycle, and 
every non-resident whose motorcycle shall be 
driven in this State, shall pay an annual registra- 
tion fee of two dollars for such motorcycle. Ev- 
ery motorcycle registration shall expire and the 
certificate thereof become void on the thirty-first 
day of December in each year, unless revoked by 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles ; and the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall issue mo- 
torcycle registrations for the following year on 
and after December first of each year, such 
registrations so issued not to be used until the 
thirty-first day of December of the year preced- 
ing the vear for which such registration is issued. 
There shall be issued with each motorcycle regis- 
tration a certificate properly numbered, stating 
that such motorcycle is registered in accordance 
with the law, and the holder of said certificate 
when requested by any motor vehicle inspector 
or magistrate, while in the performance of the 
duties of his office, shall exhibit said certificate, 
to the end that the said motor vehicle inspector 
or magistrate may thereby determine the correct- 

158 



ness of said certificate as the same relates to 
the registration number plates of the motorcycle 
for which the said certificate was issued. 

No person shall hereafter .drive a motorcycle 
upon any public highway in this State unless 
licensed to do so in accordance with the pro- 
visions of this act. No person under the age of 
sixteen years shall be licensed to drive motor- 
cycles nor shall any person be licensed to drive 
motorcycles until said person shall have passed a 
satisfactory examination as to his or her ability 
as an operator, which examination shall include 
a test of the knowledge on the part of said per- 
son of such portions of the mechanism of motor- 
cycles as is necessary in order to insure the safe 
operation of a motorcycle as well as a written 
examination to show what knowledge the appli- 
cant has of the laws of this State dealing with 
the regulation of vehicular traffic. Motorcycle 
drivers' licenses shall expire on the thirty-first of 
December of each year. Said licensee shall be 
entitled to drive any motorcycle which has been 
duly registered in accordance with the provisions 
of this act. The annual license fee to be charged 
for each motorcycle driver's license shall be one 
dollar. Each license to drive a motorcycle shall 
have endorsed thereon in the proper handwriting 
of the said licensee, the name of said licensee 
and said licensee, when requested by any motor 
vehicle inspector or magistrate, while in the per- 
formance of the duties of his office under this 
act, shall exhibit said license to said officer, and 
write his or her name in the presence of said 
officer, to the end that he may thereby determine 
the identity of said licensee. 

It shall be lawful for the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles at his discretion, to issue to any 
person over the age of sixteen years a written 

159 



permit, under the hand and seal of said Commis- 
sioner, allowing the said person for the purpose 
of fitting himself or herself to become a motor- 
cycle driver, to operate a motorcycle for a speci- 
fied period of not more than three weeks, while 
In the company and under the supervision of a 
licensed motorcycle driver of this State, and such 
permit shall be sufficient license for the said 
person to operate a motorcycle in the State oar- 
ing the period specified; provided, that the said 
person, as well as such licensed mtorcycle driver, 
shall be held accountable for all violations of this 
act committed by the said person while in the 
presence of such licensed motorcycle driver. No 
such written permit shall be issued unless the per- 
son applying therefor shall pay the sum of htty 
cents to any agent of the Motor Vehicle Depart- 
ment, such sum to be turned over by the said 
agent to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
and by him remitted with other funds collected 
in his department to the State Treasurer, in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of this act. 

The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may re- 
voke the registration certificate and driver's 
license of any motorcycle owner or motorcycle 
driver for a violation of any of the provisions of 
this act, or on other reasonable grounds. Amend- 
ed P. L. 1908. p. 616, and P. L. 1918, p. 102. 

Registration of Vehicles for Hire from Ad- 
joining States.— (3) Every person or corporation 
regularly engaged in the business of carrying pas- 
sengers for hire by means of automobiles^ which 
business shall be conducted in a State adjoining 
the State of New Jersey, and the conduct of which 
business shall require such automobile to enter the 
State of New Jersey for said purposes shall make 
application, which application shall be in the form 
of a sworn statement, signed and sworn to by 



160 



the applicant, or if the said applicant be a corpora- 
tion, by an officer of the said corporation, and 
shall specify the number of automobiles which 
shall be operated in connection with the said 
business, the type and motive power of each, and 
the registration number of each under the laws of 
the adjoining State in which said business shall 
be connected, the Commissioner of Motor Ve- 
hicles shall issue to the said applicant, upon the 
payment of a fee of one hundred dollars, a registra- 
tion certificate, which shall have endorsed thereon 
the type and State registration number of each of 
the said automobiles, and which shall permit the 
said automobiles to be operated within the State 
of New Jersey for a distance of not to exceed 
fifteen miles from the point of entry into the 
State; provided, however, that not more than 
fifteen of the said automobiles shall be within 
the State of New Jersey at any one time, and 
that no automobile shall be included under the 
provisions of such registration certificate unless 
the same is duly registered and licensed under 
the laws of the State in which such business is 
being conducted. Amended P. L. 1908, p. 617. 

Section 16 A. 
Definitions of Manufacturers. Dealers, Livery- 
men (as used in this act).— (I) A ''manufacturer" 
is an individual, partnership or corporation en- 
gaged in the- business of manufacturing or assem- 
bling motor vehicles, who will, under normal busi- 
ness conditions during the year, manufacture or 
assemble at least ten new motor vehicles. 

(a) A "dealer" is an individual, partnership or 
corporation engaged in the purchase and sale of 
motor vehicles or motorcycles. 

(b) A "liveryman" is an individual, partner- 
ship or corporation engaged in the business of 

161 



renting motor vehicles to persons for business or 
pleasure. 

Manufacturer's License and Markers; Sets of 
Markers Provided; "M" Displayed; Fee.— (2) 
Every manufacturer of automobiles residing and 
having his principal place of business within this 
State, instead of registering each automobile own- 
ed or controlled by him, may make application, 
as hereinbefore provided in this section for a 
registration number, and the written statement, 
in addition to the matters hereinbefore contained, 
shall state that he is a manufacturer; that he de- 
sires to use a single number on automobiles own- 
ed or controlled by him while being used for 
demonstration purposes or for shop purposes. The 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may thereupon, 
if satisfied of the facts stated in the application, 
issue a certificate as herein set forth assigning 
the same a number, which certificate shall contain 
a statement that the same is issued to the appli- 
cant as a manufacturer. One certificate shall 
cover and be valid for the use of not more than 
five automobiles of said manufacturer at one time 
while under his control. The Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles shall provide five sets of identifi- 
cation marks of the general style and kind pro- 
vided for motor vehicle registrations in the act 
to which this is a supplement, and such identifica- 
tion marks shall not be used on any vehicle not 
actually owned by said manufacturer or operated 
either by him or his duly authorized agent. 

All such auotomobiles shall be regarded as 
registered under such general number, and in 
addition to the registration number displayed on 
the front and rear of the car, as hereafter pro- 
vided, there shall be added the letter "M" of 
equal size and prominence. The annual fee for 

162 



such manufacturer's registration shall be five 
dollars for each car so authorized to be operated 
under such registration number, and the Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles shall issue registration 
certificates in duplicate equal to the number of 
cars not exceeding five authorized to be operated 
under the said registration number. 

Dealer's License and Markers; Sets of Markers 
Provided; "D" Displayed; Fee. — (3) Every deal- 
er in automobiles or motorcycles dbing business 
in this State, instead of registering each automo- 
bile or motorcycle owned or controlled by him, 
may make application as hereinbefore provided 
in the act to which this is an amendment, for a 
registration number, and the written statement, 
in addition to the matters hereinbefore contained, 
shall state that he is a dealer; that he desires to 
use a single number on automobiles or motor- 
cycles owned or controlled by him while being 
operated for purposes of his business or for his 
personal use, but not for hire. The Commission- 
er of Motor Vehicles may thereupon, if satisfied 
of the facts stated in said application, issue certifi- 
cate as herein set forth, assigning the same a 
number, which certificate shall contain a statement 
that the same was issued to the applicant as a 
dealer. One certificate shall cover and be valid 
for the use of not more than five automobiles or 
motorcycles of said dealer at one time while 
under his control. The Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles shall provide five sets of identification 
marks of the general style provided for motor 
vehicle registration in the act to which this act 
is a supplement, and such identification marks 
shall not be used on any vehicle not actually own- 
ed by said dealer or operated either by him or his 
duly authorized agent. All such automobiles or 
motorcycles shall be regarded as registered under 

163 



such general number, and in addition to the regis- 
tration number displayed on the front and rear 
of the car or motorcycle as hereafter provided, 
there shall be added the letter "D" of equal size 
and prominence. The annual fee for such dealer's 
registration shall be five dollars for each car or 
motorcycle so authorized to be operated under 
such registration number, and the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles shall issue registration certifi- 
cates in duplicate equal to the number of cars 
or motorcycles not exceeding five authorized to 
be operated under said registration number. 

Liveryman's License; Fee; Markers; "L" Dis- 
played. — (4) Every liveryman residing and hav- 
ing his principal place of business within this 
State, instead of registering each automobile own- 
ed by him for the purpose of renting, may obtain 
a livery license for same upon payment of fifteen 
dollars. Such livery license may be placed on 
any car owned by the said liveryman and used 
by him for the purpose of renting or hacking. The 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall provide 
identification marks of the general style and kind 
provided for motor vehicle registration in the act 
to which this is a supplement, assigning a num- 
ber to each identification mark, and before each 
number the letter "L" shall be placed. Every 
such liveryman, in order to obtain a license as 
above, shall make application setting forth the 
fact that he is in the business of liveryman ; and 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, if satisfied 
of the statements made in such application, may 
issue the registration certificate for livery license. 
Nothing in this act shall, however, prohibit the 
use by a liveryman of any automobile duly licens- 
ed by him as owner. Supplement P. L. 1916. p. 
437. 

164 



Section 16B. 

Motor Vehicles Must Be Registered. — (1) Ev- 
ery resident of this State, and every non-resident 
whose automobile shall be driven in this State, 
except as is hereinafter provided, shall, before 
using such vehicle on the public highways, reg- 
ister the same, and no motor vehicle shall be 
driven unless so registered. Every registration 
shall expire and the certificate thereof become 
void on the thirty-first day of December of each 
year; and the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
shall issue licenses for the following year on and 
after December first of each year, such licenses 
so issued not to be used until the thirty-first day 
of December of the year preceding the year for 
which such license is issued. Supplement of 
April 2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 632. Amended P. L. 
1915, p. 73, and P. L. 1917, p. — . 

Method of Registration, — (2) Such registra- 
tion shall be made in the following manner : A 
statement in writing shall be made to the Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles, or his lawful agent, 
containing the name and address of such owner, 
together with a brief description of the character 
of such automobile, including the name of the 
maker and the manufacturer's number. Supple- 
ment of April 2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 633. 

*Fee for Registration.— (3) The applicant shall 
pay to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for 
each registration a fee of four dollars and fifty 
cents for automobiles of the first class, seven 
dollars and fifty cents for the second class, and 
fifteen dollars for the third class. Automobiles 
of ten horse-power, or less, shall be of the first 
class ; from eleven to twenty-nine horse-power, 
inclusive, of the second class, and of thirty horse- 
power or more, of the third class; automobile 



commercial trucks weighing unloaded over four 
thousand pounds shall pay to the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles for each registration a fee of 
ten dollars in addition to the fee provided to 
be paid under horse-power rating; provided, that 
if application shall be made for registration of 
an automobile under this section after the first 
day of September in any year, the applicant shall 
be required to pay but one-half the registration 
fee hereinafter provided for in the class to which 
such automobile belongs. Supplement of April 
2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 633. 

(3) The applicant shall pay to the Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles for each registration a 
fee of four dollars and fifty cents for automobiles 
of the first class ; seven dollars and fifty cents 
of the second class, and fifteen dollars of the 
third class. Automobiles of ten horse-power or 
less shall be of the first class ; from eleven to 
twenty-nine horse-power, inclusive, of the second 
class, and of thirty horse-power, or more, of the 
third class. 

The applicant for registration for automobile 
commercial vehicles, which are not equipped on 
all wheels with pneumatic tires, except automo- 
bile fire engines, and such self-propelling vehicles 
as are used neither for the conveyance of persons 
for hire, pleasure or business, nor for the trans- 
portation of freight, such as steam road rollers 
and traction engines, and for motor drawn ve- 
hicles, including trailers, tractors, or semi-trailers, 
and every other type of vehicle drawn or pro- 
pelled by a motor vehicle which are not equipped 
on all wheels with pneumatic tires, shall pay to 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles a fee based 
upon the gross weight of such vehicle and load 
when loaded to its carrying capacity. When trie 
gross weight of vehicle and load exceeds the gross 

1«€ 



weight allowed by law for the particular sizes 
of tires set forth in the application for registra- 
tion, then such gross weight of vehicle and load 
shall be determined according to law, upon the 
sizes of tires given in said application. 

The fee shall be in accordance with the follow- 
ing table : 

If the gross weight of vehicle and carrying 
capacity is 

1000 pounds or less $ 6.00 per annum. 

1001 to 2000 pounds 9.00 per annum. 

2001 to 3000 pounds 12.00 per annum. 

3001 to 4000 pounds 15.00 per annum. 

4001 to 5000pounds 17.000 per annum 

5001 to 6000 pounds 19.00 per annum. 

6001 to 7000 pounds 21.00 per annum. 

7001 to 8000 pounds 23.00 per annum. 

8001 to 9000 pounds 25.00 per annum. 

9001 to 10000 pounds 27.00 per annum. 

10001 to 11000 pounds 29.00 per annum. 

11001 to 12000 pounds 31.00 per annum. 

112001 to 13000 pounds 33.00 per annum. 

U3001 to 14000 pounds 35.00 per annum. 

14001 to 15000 pounds 37.00 per annum. 

15001 to 16000 pounds 39.00 per annum. 

16001 to 17000 pounds 41.00 per annum. 

17001 to 18000 pounds 43.00 per annum. 

18001 to 19000 pounds 45.00 per annum. 

19001 to 20000 pounds 47.00 per annum. 

20001 to 21000 pounds 49.00 per annum 

21001 to 22000 pounds 51.00 per annum. 

22001 to 23000 pounds 53.00 per annum 

23001 to 24000 pounds 55.00 per annum. 

24001 to 25000 pounds 57.00 per annum. 

25001 to 26000 pounds 59.00 per annum. 

26001 to 27000 pounds 61.00 per annum. 

27001 to 28000 pounds 63.00 per annum. 

167 



28001 to 29000 pounds 65.00 per annum. 

29001 to 30000 pounds 67.00 per annum. 

provided, that automobile commercial vehicles 
not subject to a registration fee based upon gross 
weight shall continue to be subject to a registra- 
tion fee based upon horse-power, as above provid- 
ed, and motor-drawn vehicles not subject to a 
registration fee based upon gross weight shall 
continue to be subject to the registration fee pre- 
scribed by chapter ninety-six of the session laws 
of nineteen hundred and fifteen for vehicles trail- 
ing after, or propelled by motor vehicles; and 
provided, further, that if application shall be made 
for registration of any automobile, commercial 
motor vehicle or motor-drawn vehicle under this 
section, after the first day of September in any 
year, the applicant shall be required to pay but 
one-half of the registration fee above provided 
for the class to which such automobile, commer- 
cial motor vehicle or motor-drawn vehicle belongs. 
Supplement of April 2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 633, 
as amended by P. L. 1917, p. 79; P. L. 1918, p. 
192. 

Certificate Issued. — (4) The Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles shall issue for each automobile 
so registered a certificate, properly numbered, 
stating that such automobile is registered in ac- 
cordance with the law, and shall cause the name 
of such owner, with his address and the number 
of his certificate and description of such automo- 
bile, to be entered on the records of his depart- 
ment in alphabetical and numerical order. And 
the holder of said certificate, when requested by 
any motor vehicle inspector or magistrate, while 
in the performance of the duties of his office 
shall exhibit said certificate, to the end that the 
said motor vehicle inspector or magistrate may 

168 



thereby determine the correctness of said certifi- 
cate as the same relates to the registration num- 
ber-plates of the motor vehicle for which the 
said certificate was issued. Supplement of April 
2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 633. As" amended P. L. 
1916, p. 229. 

Refusal of Registration.— (5) The Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles may refuse registration 
in the case of any automobile that shall not com- 
ply with the requirements of this act, or that shall 
seem to him unsuitable for use on the roads and 
highways of this State. Supplement of April 2 
1912, P. L. 1912, p. 634. 

Transfers.— (6) Upon any and every transfer 
of a registered motor vehicle by the owner there- 
of, in whose name the same is registered, the said 
registration and certificate thereof shall forthwith 
be and become void, but the same may be validat- 
ed by the endorsement of the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles, the purchaser having made writ- 
ten application therefor and paid a transfer fee 
of one dollar. 

Lpon the transfer of ownership or destruction 
of any motor vehicle its registration shall expire. 
The original owner may, however, by proper af- 
fidavit accompanying his application, register an- 
other motor vehicle upon payment of a fee of 
one dollar ($1) ; provided, such motor vehicle be 
ol equal or less horse-power or classification as 
that originally registered; or upon payment of a 
fee of one dollar ($1) and the difference between 
the fee paid originally and that due if the motor 
vehicle be properly registered in a higher class 
and such owner shall be assigned the number pre- 
viously issued to him, unless destroyed. Supple- 
ment of April 2. 1912, P. L. 1912,%. 634 As 
amended P. L. 1915, p. 73. 

160 



Reciprocity; State with which Operative; Sus- 
pension of Reciprocity; Penalty. — (7) Any motor 
vehicle belonging to any person who is a non- 
resident of this State, and who has registered 
such motor vehicle in and has complied with all 
of the laws of the State, Territory, Federal Dis- 
trict of the United States, or of any province of 
the Dominion of Canada, in which he resides, with 
respect to the registration of motor vehicles and 
the display of registration numbers, and who shall 
conspicuouslv display such registration number as 
required thereby, may be driven in this State dur- 
ing a period of not to exceed fifteen days in each 
calendar year, or on two or more occasions not 
exceeding in the aggregate the period of fifteen 
days in anv such year, without complying with, 
or being subject to the provisions of sections 
fifteen and twenty-one of the act to which this is 
a supplement, or either of them, or with any of | 
the preceding sections of this supplement; pro- 
vided, that each day or part of a day during 
which anv such motor vehicle is within this State 
shall be considered as one of said fifteen days; 
and provided, further, that the provisions of this 
section shall be operative as to any such motor 
vehicle owned by non-resident of this State, only 1 
to the extent that under the laws of the State 
Territory, Federal District or province of his j 
residence substantially similar exemptions and 
privileges are granted to motor vehicles duly ) 
registered under the laws of this State ; and pro- 
vided, further, that the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles shall have power to suspend, for cause, 
the fifteen-day touring privilege in so far as it 
may apply to any licensed motor vehicle licensed 
by any State, Federal District, Territory or of 
the province of the Dominion of Canada to which 
such privilege is granted under the provisions of 
170 



the act to which this is a supplement. The Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles, in suspending such 
privilege, shall give seven days' notice of such 
action, citing in such notice the number of the 
motor vehicle in reference to which such priv- 
ilege is suspended, and shall forward such notice 
to the department which issued the license against 
which such privilege is suspended. The Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles, when suspending 
such privilege, shall give public notice of the 
same, and cause all police departments or other 
police authorities to be notified of such action. 
If such motor vehicle against which such priv- 
ilege has been suspended shall be driven there- 
after into the State of New Jersey, during the 
period in which its license is in force, the driver 
and owner thereof shall be subject to a fine not 
exceeding two hundred dollars. 

Supplement of April 2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 634. 
As amended P. L. 1913, p. 149, and P. L. 1917, 
p. 86. 

Reciprocity of Driving Privilege. — (8) Any 
chauffeur or driver of a motor vehicle, not a resi- 
dent of this State, who has registered under and 
complied with all the laws respecting the regis- 
tration and licensing of chauffeurs or drivers of 
motor vehicles in the State, Territory or Federal 
District in which he resides, may, during the 
period mentioned, and under the restrictions con- 
tained in the preceding section of this supple- 
ment, drive any such motor vehicle in this State 
without complying with, or being subject to, the 
provisions of sections seventeen and eighteen of 
the act of which this is a supplement, or any of 
them; provided, that the provisions of this section 
shall be operative only to the extent that under 
the laws of the State, Territory or Federal Dis- 



trict in which such chauffeur or driver resides 
substantially similar exemptions and privileges 
are granted to chauffeurs or drivers of motor 
vehicles registered under the laws of this State. 
Supplement of April 2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 635. 

No Fictitious Sign.— (9) Nothing in this act 
shall be construed to permit any fictitious sign 
or number to be displayed on any such motor 
vehicle, and the operation of any such motor 
vehicle within this State shall be subject to all 
the provisions of the act to which this is a sup- 
plement, and the various amendments thereof 
and supplements thereto, which are not in conflict 
with the provisions of this act. Supplement of 
April 21, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 635. 

Repealer.— (10) The act entitled "A supple- 
ment to an act entitled 'An act defining motor 
vehicles and providing for the registration of the 
same and the licensing of the drivers thereof; 
fixing rules regulating the use and speed of motor 
vehicles; fixing the amount of license and regis- 
istration fees; prescribing and regulating process 
and the service thereof and proceedings for the 
violation of the provisions of the act and penal- 
ties for said violations,' approved April twelfth, 
one thousand nine hundred and six," which said 
supplement was approved the twenty-first day of 
April, nineteen hundred and nine, and all other 
acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the pro- 
visions of this act are hereby repealed. Supple- 
ment of April 2, 1912, P. L. 1912, p. 635. 

Section 17A. 

"Operator's License Necessary"; "Age"; "Ex- 
amination" : "Special Certificates" ; "Good for 24 
Hours"; "Permits"; "Fees." — No person shall 
hereafter drive an automobile upon any public 

172 



highway in this State unless licensed to do so in 
accordance with the provisions of this act. No 
person under the age of sixteen years shall be 
licensed to drive automobiles nor shall any per- 
son be licensed to drive automobiles until said 
person shall have passed a satisfactory examina- 
tion as to his ability as an operator, which ex- 
amination shall include a test of the knowledge 
on the part of said person of such portions of 
the mechanism of automobiles as is necessary in 
order to insure the safe operation of a vehicle 
of the kind or kinds indicated by the applicant. 
Drivers' license certificates shall expire on the 
thirty-first of December of each year. Said 
licensee shall be entitled to drive any registered 
automobile. The annual license fee to be charged 
shall be three dollars for drivers ; provided, how- 
ever, that the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
shall upon the application of any person who, or 
corporation which, shall have complied with the 
provisions of subdivisions three of section sixteen 
of this act, issue to said person or corporation a 
sufficient number of special drivers' certificates, 
which shall have endorsed thereon the registration 
number under the laws of the adjoining State in 
which the business of the said applicant shall be 
conducted of each of the automobiles of said ap- 
plicant included in and covered by any license cer- 
tificate issued pursuant to said subdivision three 
of section sixteen of this act, and which, when 
duly countersigned by a special agent appointed 
for that purpose by the said Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles, pursuant to the provisions of 
section ten of this act, shall authorize and permit 
the person to whom the same is issued to operate 
any of the automobiles registered under the laws 
of such adjoining State, the registration numbers 

173 



of which shall appear endorsed upon the said 
certificate, and no others within the State of New 
Jersey for a period of not to exceed twenty-four 
hours at any one time. Said driver shall at all 
times when operating any of the said vehicles 
within the State of New Jersey have in his posses- 
sion the said certificate, and shall, whenever re- 
quested so to do, exhibit the same to any motor 
vehicle inspector or police officer or constable 
within the said State of New Jersey; no other 
certificate of registration shall be required of the 
said driver, and the preceding provisions of this 
section shall not be applicable to him ; provided, 
however, it shall be lawful for the Commissions 
of Motor Vehicles, at his discretion, to issue 
to any person a written permit, under the 
hand and seal of said Commissioner, allowing 
the said person, for the purpose of fitting him- 
self to become a motor vehicle driver, to operate 
a motor vehicle for a specified period of not more 
than three weeks, while in the company and under 
the supervision of a licensed motor vehicle driver; 
and such permit, under the hand and seal of the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, shall be suffi- 
cient license for the said person to operate a 
motor vehicle in the State during the period speci- 
fied, while in the company of and under the con- 
trol of a licensed motor vehicle driver of this 
State; and provided further, that the said person, 
as well as such licensed motor vehicle driver, shall 
be held accountable for all violations of this act 
committed bv the said person while in the presence 
of such licensed motor vehicle driver. No such 
written permit shall be issued unless the person 
applying therefor shall pay the sum of fifty cents 
to any agent of the Motor Vehicle Department, 
such sum to be turned over by the said agent to 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, and by him 



remitted with the other funds collected in his 
department to the State Treasurer, in accordance 
with the provisions of this act. Amended P. L. 
1908, p. 618; P. L. 1909, p. 464, and P. L. 1916, 
p. 286. 

Section 18A. 

"Form of License"; "Must be Exhibited." — 
Each license to drive an automobile shall have 
endorsed thereon in the proper handwriting of 
the said licensee the name of said licensee. And 
said licensee, when thereupon requested by any 
motor vehicle inspector or magistrate, while in 
the performance of the duties of his office under 
this act, shall exhibit said license to said officer, 
and write his name in the presence of said of- 
ficer, to the end that he may thereby determine 
the identity of said licensee. Amendment of P. 
L. 1916, p. 288. 

Section 19. 

"Intoxication Prohibited." — No intoxicated per- 
son shall drive a motor vehicle. 

Note. — This section was impliedly repealed hy 
Chap. 67, Laws of 1913. See Section 47 post. 
See also case of State vs. Rogers, reported in 
102 Atl. Rep., page 433. 

Section 20. 
"Consent of Owner Necessary." — No person 
shall drive a motor vehicle without the consent 
of the owner. 

PART V. 
IDENTIFICATION MARKS OF MOTOR 

VEHICLES. 

Section 21. 
"Display of Markers"; "Size of Numerals" ; 

175 



"Illuminated Rear Marker." — The owner of each 
and every automobile which shall be driven upon 
the public highways of this State shall display on 
the front and rear of such vehicle, not less than 
fifteen inches or more than thirty-six inches from 
the ground, in a horizontal position, and in such 
a way as not to swing, an identification mark, to 
be furnished by the Motor Vehicle Department. 
Said identification mark shall contain the number 
of the registration certificate of said vehicle in 
characters not less than four inches in height, 
with a stroke of not less than one-half an inch, 
and shall be of such design as shall be prescribed 
by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. 

The identification marks of vehicles shall be of 
metal, sufficiently enduring to be plainly legible 
under al atmospheric conditions for at least one 
year. Motorcycles shall also display such identi- 
fication marks as the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles shall prescribe. All identification marks 
shall be kept clear and distinct and free from 
grease, dust or other blurring matter, so as to 
be plainly visible at all times during daylight 
and night. 

The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may, in 
his discretion, adopt any form of illuminated 
marker for use on the rear of motor vehicles 
which in his judgment will make the identification 
mark of such motor vehicle more easily legible 
at night; provided, such device shall not be ex- 
cessive in its cost or so cumbersome as to be im- 
practical in its application to motor vehicles. 
Amended P. L. 1908, p. 620; P. L. 1913, p. 147; 
P. L. 1913, p. 268, and P. L. 1915, p. 235. 

176 



PART VI. 

USE OF ROADS AND HIGHWAYS. 

Section 22. 

"Law of Road." — (1) Drivers of motor vehicles, 
whether of burthen or of pleasure, using any of 
the turnpikes or public roads in this State, when 
met by another motor vehicle, or by a carriage, 
sleigh, or sled, shall keep to the right, and when 
overtaken by another motor vehicle, carriage, 
sleigh or sled, they shall likewise keep to the 
right, so as and when overtaken by another motor 
vehicle, carriage, sleigh or sled, either met or 
overtaken, to pass uninterrupted. 

"Powers of Local Authorities" ; "Speedways" ; 
"Parks" ; "Ordinances." — (2) No owner or pur- 
chaser or driver of a motor vehicle who shall 
have complied with the requirements and pro- 
visions of this act shall be required to obtain 
any other license or permit to use or operate the 
same, nor shall such owner or purchaser or driver 
be excluded or prohibited from or limited in the 
free use thereof, nor limited as to speed upon 
any public street, avenue, road, turnpike, drive- 
way, parkway or other public place, at any time, 
when the same is or may hereafter be opened to 
the use of persons having or using other carriages 
nor be required to comply with other provisions 
or conditions as to the use of said motor vehicle, 
except as in this act provided ; provided, however, 
that nothing in this section contained shall be con- 
strued to apply to or include any speedway cre- 
ated and maintained in pursuance of an act of the 
Legislature of the State of New Jersey entitled 
"An act to provide for the construction and main- 
tenance of speedways in the counties of this 
State," approved March nineteenth, one thousand 



nine hundred and two, or to any parks or park- 
ways created and maintained in accordance with 
an act of the Legislature of the State of New 
Jersey entitled "An act to establish public parks 
in the counties of this State and to provide for 
the acquirement, improvement and regulation of 
the same," approved March twentieth, one thou- 
sand nine hundred and one. No city, town, town- 
ship, borough or other municipality shall have 
power to make any ordinance, by-law or resolu- 
tion limiting or restricting the use or speed of 
motor vehicles, and no ordinance, by-law or reso- 
lution heretofore or hereafter made by any city. 
town, township, borough or other municipal or 
local authority by whatever name known or desig- 
nated in respect to or limiting the use or speed 
of motor vehicles shall have any force, effect or 
validity. 

"Racing Prohibited." — (3) No person shall 
drive a motor vehicle upon any public street, 
public highway, public road, public parkway, turn- 
pike or public driveway in this State in a race 
or on a bet or wager. 

"Duty in Case of Accident:" — (4) Every driver 
of a motor vehicle after knowingly causing an 
accident by collision or otherwise knowingly in- 
juring any person, horse or vehicle, shall forth- 
with bring his motor vehicle to a full stop, re- 
turn to the scene of accident and give to any 
proper person demanding the same his name, the 
number of his driver's license and the registra- 
tion number of the motor vehicle, and the names 
and residences of each and every male occupant 
of said motor vehicle. 

178 



PART VII. 

PROVISIONS CONCERNING SAFETY OF 

TRAFFIC. 

Section 23. 

"General Speed Rates'"; "Damages" ; "Exemp- 
tion"; "Signals." — The following rates of speed 
mav be maintained, but shall not be exceeded, 
upon any public street, public road or turnpike, 
public park or parkway, or public driveway, or 
public highway, in this State by anyone driving a 
motor vehicle: 

(1) A speed of one mile in seven minutes upon 
the sharp curves of a street or highway or when 
turning a corner, and a speed of one mile in four 
minutes at the junction or intersection of a promi- 
nent cross-road where such a street, road or 
highway passes through the open country; the 
term "open country" meaning where houses are 
an average of more than one hundred feet apart. 
Amended P. L. 1909, p. 465. 

(2) A speed of one mile in five minutes where 
such street or highway passes through a built-up 
portion of a city, town, township, borough or 
village where the houses are an average of less 
than one hundred feet apart. Amended P. L. 
1909, p. 466. 

(3) A speed of one mile in four minutes within 
two hundred feet of any horse or any beast of 
draught or burden upon the same street, highway : 
provided, however, that such speed does not ex- 
ceed thirty miles per hour, shall be lawful in the 
open country as may be necessary in order to 
pass a vehicle traveling in the same direction, but 
the speed shall be diminished forthwith, if neces- 
sary, to comply with the provisions of this act- 
Amended P. L. 1918, p. 236. 

179 



(4) Elsewhere, and except as otherwise pro- 
vided in subdivisions' 1, 2 and 3 of this section, a 
speed of thirty miles per hour ; provided, how- 
ever; that nothing in this act contained shall per- 
mit any person to drive a motor vehicle at any 
speed greater than is reasonable, having regard 
to the traffic and use of the highways or so as 
to endanger the life or limb or to injure the prop- 
erty of any person; and it is further provided, 
that nothing in this section contained shall affect 
the right of anv person injured either in his per- 
son or property, by the negligent operation of a 
motor vehicle, to sue and recover damages as 
heretofore; and provided, further, that the fore- 
going provisions concerning the speed of motor 
vehicles shall not apply to any speedway built or 
intended for the exclusive use of motor vehicles 
if the said speedway at no point crosses any public 
street, avenue, road, turnpike, driveway or other 
public thoroughfare, or any railroad or railway 
at grade, the said speedway having been con- 
structed with the permission of the Commission- 
ers or the Board of Freeholders, as the case may 
be, of the countv or counties in which said speed- 
way shall be located; and provided, further, that 
every person driving a motor vehicle shall, at the 
request or upon signal by putting up the hand, 
or otherwise, from the person riding or driving 
a horse or horses in the opposite direction, cause 
the motor vehicle to stop and remain stationary 
so long as may be necessary to allow said horse 
or horses to pass. Amended P. L. 1918. p. 236. 

Section 24. 

"Physician Exceeding Speed Limit." — If a phy- 
sician shall have his motor vehicle stopped for 
exceeding the speed limit while he is in the act 

180 



of responding to an emergency call, the registra- 
tion number of the vehicle and the driver's license 
number may be inspected and noted, and the phy- 
sician shall then be allowed to proceed in the 
vehicle to his destination, and subsequently such 
proceedings may be taken as would have been 
proper had the person violating the provisions as 
to speed not been a physician. 

Section 25. 

"Certain Vehicles Exempt from Speed Regula- 
tion." — Motor vehicles belonging to the military 
establishment, while in use for official purposes, 
in time of riot, insurrection or invasion, and motor 
vehicle inspectors appointed under this act, are 
exempt from the provisions of this act pertaining 
to speed. Amended P. L. 1908, p. 620. 

PART VIII. 

PROCEEDINGS. 

Section 26. 

■"Jurisdiction of Offenses"; "Summary Hear- 
ings"; "Processes." — (1) A complaint having 
been made in writing and duly verified, that any 
person has violated any of the provisions of this 
act, any magistrate of the county, or recorder or 
police magistrate of any municipality, in which 
the offense is committed may, within thirty days 
after the commission of said offense, issue either 
a summons or a warrant directed to any consta- 
ble, police officer, the inspector of motor vehicles 
or the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles of this 
State, for the appearance or arrest of the person 
so charged; and the magistrate shall state what 
section or provision of this act has been violated 

181 



by the defendant, and the time, place and nature 
of said violation, and upon the return of said 
summons or warrant the said magistrate shall 
proceed, in a summary way, to hear and determine 
the guilt or innocence of such person, and upon 
conviction, may impose upon the person so con- 
victed the penalty, by this act prescribed, together 
with the costs of prosecution for such offense. 

(2) Such magistrate, upon receiving complaint 
in writing, duly verified, of the violation of any 
provision of this act by any corporation, is hereby 
authorized and required to issue a summons di- 
rected to any constable, police officer, the inspector 
of motor vehicles, or the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles of this State, requiring such corporation 
to be and appear before said magistrate on a day 
therein named, to answer to said complaint, which 
said summons shall be served on the president, 
vice-president, secretary, superintendent or man- 
ager of such corporation, or the agent upon whom 
other process against it may be served, at least 
five days before the time of appearance mentioned 
therein, and thereafter all proceedings shall be 
the same as against individuals, except where a 
different procedure is provided by this act. 

Section 27. 

"Adjournament of Trial" ; "Bail." — Any hear- 
ing to be held pursuant to this act shall, on the 
request of the defendant, be adjourned for a 
period not exceeding thirty days from the return 
day named in any summons, or from the return 
of any warrant, or from the date of any arrest 
without warrant; as the case may be; but in such 
case it shall be the duty of the magistrate to 
detain the defendant in safe custody, unless he 
shall make a cash deposit or enter into a bond to 



the State of New Jersey, with at least one suffi- 
cient surety (unless said defendant shall himself 
qualify and justify, in real estate security situate 
in this State, in twice the amount fixed by said 
magistrate for bond with a surety) to or in an 
amount not exceeding five hundred dollars, con- 
ditioned for his appearance on the day to which 
the hearing may be adjourned, and thence from 
day to day, until the case is disposed of; and such 
bond, if forfeited, may be prosecuted by the Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles in any court of com- 
petent jurisdiction; and such cash deposit, if 
forfeited, shall be paid to said Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles by said magistrate with whom the 
same shall have been deposited, to be by said 
Commissioner disposed of as are other moneys 
coming to his hands under the provisions of 
section thirty-seven of this act; provided, how- 
ever, that in lieu of said bond or cash deposit 
the person under arrest may leave with the mag- 
istrate the motor vehicle owned or driven by the 
said person. 

Section 28. 

"Right of Appeal"; "Stay of Execution" ; 
"Bond." — The defendant in any proceeding insti- 
tuted under this act may appeal from the judg- 
ment or sentence of the magistrate to the court 
of common pleas of the county in which such pro- 
ceedings shall have taken place ; provided, the 
said defendant shall, within ten days after the 
date of said judgment, deliver to the magistrate 
a bond to the State of New Jersey, with at least 
one sufficient surety, or make a cash deposit with 
him of such amount as the magistrate shall direct, 
not exceeding the amount of five hundred dollars 
(unless said defendant can himself qualify and 
justify in real estate security in this State in 

183 



twice said amount), conditioned to stand to and 
abide by such further order or judgment as may 
thereafter be made against the said party; and 
provided, further, that if the said magistrate shall 
have imposed a sentence of imprisonment, the 
defendant, if he does not duly appeal, shall be 
imprisoned forthwith upon the imposing of said 
sentence; but that an appeal, properly taken in 
accordance with the provisions of this act, shall 
be a stay of and upon the enforcement of a sent- 
ence of imprisonment, whether the execution 
of such sentence shall have been entered upon 
or not, as well as of such other judgment as may 
be pronounced; and provided further, that in lieu 
of the appeal bond, in this section specified, and 
of the cash deposit therein provided for, the de- 
fendant may leave with the magistrate the motor 
vehicle owned or operated by the said defendant ; 
and provided further, that if said defendant shall, 
after rendition of said judgment or sentence, an- 
nounce to said magistrate his intention to appeal 
therefrom, and either give the bond, make the 
deposit or leave the motor vehicle as herein pro- 
vided, he shall have ten days from the date of 
the rendition of said judgment or sentence within 
which to complete his appeal, during which said 
ten days the execution of whatever sentence or 
judgment shall have been rendered, whether of 
imprisonment or fine, shall be stayed, and in case 
said defendant shall fail to complete his appeal 
within said ten days, the like proceedings may be 
had as would bv the provisions of this act follow 
an appeal taken and a judgment of affirmance 
thereupon. 

Section 29. 

"Record of Appeal" ; "Summary Trial." — When- 
ever an appeal shall be taken as aforesaid, it shall 

184 



be the duty of the magistrate to send all papers 
and all money, if any, deposited according to trie 
provisions of this act, and all money paid for 
costs of prosecution, together with a transcript 
of the proceedings in the case, to the next court 
of common pleas, of the said county, which court 
shall, de novo, and in a summary way, try and 
determine all such appeals, and in case the judg- 
ment or sentence of the magistrate shall be re- 
versed on such appeal, the said common pleas 
court shall order the return of all money deposit- 
ed as aforesaid, and all costs of prosecution paid 
by said defendant to said defendant. 

Section 30. 

"Proceedings May Be Instituted on Sunday." 
— Proceedings under this act may be instituted 
on any day of the week, and the institution of 
such proceedings on Sunday shall be no bar to 
the successful prosecution of the same; and any 
process served on Sunday shall be as valid as if 
served on any other day of the week. 

Section 31. 

"Pleadings" ; "When Bond for Costs May Be 
Demanded." — All proceedings for the violation 
of the provisions of this act shall be entitled and 
shall run in the name of the State of New Jersey, 
with the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, or a 
motor vehicle inspector, or a police officer, or a 
constable ; or such other person as shall by com- 
plaint institute the proceedings as prosecutor; 
and any magistrate may, at his discretion, refuse 
to issue a warrant on the complaint of any person 
other than the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 
or a motor vehicle inspector, or a police officer, 
until a sufficient bond to secure costs shall have 
185 



been executed and delivered to the said magis- 
trate. Amended P. L. 1913, p. 159. 

Section 32. 

"Arrest Without Warrant"; "Detention of Per- 
son"; "Hearing." — (1) Any constable or police 
officer, or motor vehicle inspector, or the Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles is hereby authorized 
to arrest, without warrant, any person violating, 
in the presence of such constable, or police officer, 
or motor vehicle inspector, or the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles any of the provisions of this 
act, and to bring the defendant before any magis- 
trate of the county where such offense is com- 
mitted. The person so offending shall be detained 
in the office of the magistrate until the officer 
making such arrest shall make oath or affirma- 
tion, which he shall do forthwith, declaring that 
the person under arrest has violated one or more 
of the provisions of this act, and specifying the 
provision or provisions violated, whereupon said 
magistrate shall issue a warrant, returnable forth- 
with and the said magistrate shall proceed sum- 
marily to hear or postpone the case as provided 
in sections twenty-six and twenty-seven of this 
act. And any such constable or police officer, or 
motor vehicle inspector, or the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles, upon satisfying himself that such 
offender is a resident of this State, may, instead 
of arresting such offender as hereinabove pro- 
vided, serve upon him a summons in the name of 
any police court, recorder's court or other court 
of competent jurisdiction in the county, city, town, 
township, village, borough or other municipality 
wherein such officer shall be authorized to dis- 
charge his duties, directing such offender to ap- 
pear and answer such charge or charges as may 
then and there be preferred against him; and for 

186 



this purpose the county, city, town, township, 
village and borough clerks respectively shall pro- 
vide the said officer or officers with a form of 
summons, which when filled out, executed and 
issued by the said officer or officers, in such 
cases as herein provided, shall be good and 
effectual according to the purpose and intent 
thereof. Amended P. L. 1913, p. 186. 

(2) Any person arrested for a violation of any 
of the provisions of this act shall, upon demand 
of the magistrate hearing the complaint against 
said person, produce his license for inspection, 
and if said person shall fail to produce his license 
or to give a satisfactory excuse for its non-pro- 
duction, he shall, in addition to any other penal- 
ties imposed by said magistrate, be subject to a 
fine of not more than twenty-five dollars. Amend- 
ed P. L. 1913, p. 187. 

Section 33. 

"Validity of Warrant"; "Cash Deposit or Re- 
cognisance." — A summons or warrant issued by 
any magistrate in accordance with the provisions 
of this act shall be valid throughout the State, and 
any officer who has power to serve the said sum- 
mons, or to serve said warrant and make arrests 
thereon in the county where the same shall have 
been issued, shall have like power to serve said 
summons and to serve said warrant and make 
arrest thereon, in any of the several counties of 
the State. If any person shall be arrested for a 
violation committed in the county other than 
that in which the arrest shall take place, the per- 
son so arrested may demand to be taken before 
a magistrate of the county in which the arrest 
may have been made for the purpose of making 
a cash deposit or of entering into a recognizance 

187 



with sufficient surety; whereupon the officer serv- 
ing the said warrant shall take the person so ap- 
prehended before a magistrate of the county in 
which the arrest shall have been made, who shall 
thereupon fix a day for the matter to be heard 
before the magistrate issuing the said warrant, 
and shall take from the person apprehended a 
cash deposit or recognizance to the State of New 
Jersey with sufficient surety or sureties for the 
appearance of the said person at the time and 
place designated in accordance with the provisions 
of section twenty-seven of this act; the cash de- 
posit of recognizance so taken shall be returned to 
the magistrate issuing the warrant, to be retained 
and disposed of by him as by this act provided. 

Section 34. 

"Fees." — The fees provided in the following 
schedule and no other charges whatsoever shall 
be allowed the magistrate and officer in proceed- 
ings under this act, and where no fee is provided 
for any necessary service to be performed, the 
same shall be performed without any charge there- 
for. 

JUSTICES. 

Complaint 10 cents 

Summons or warrant when necessary to 

be issued, but not in case of arrest 

without warrant based on complain .... 10 cents 

Copies 5 cents each 

Subpoena 10 cents 

Administering oath to each witness 10 cents 

Each adjournment 15 cents 

Entry of judgment 20 cents 

Recognizance or bond, drawing entry and 

approval of 25 cents 

Execution 25 cents 

Making return to certiorari 50 cents 

188 



Granting appeal and necessary papers. . . .50 cents 

Hearing contested case 50 cents 

Hearing non-contested case 25 cents 

CONSTABLE. 

Service of summons or warrant (except 
in cases of arrest on view where no 
costs for service) 30 =cents 

Service of subpoena (except where sub- 
poena to party present at time of arrest, 
where no costs) 30 cents 

Service of execution 75 cents 

For every mile of travel in serving any 
summons or warrant, after the first mile, 
computed by counting the number of 
miles in and out, by the most direct 
route from the place where such pro- 
cess is returnable 3 cents 

"Witnesses" — For each witness, not exceeding 
three to each party, twenty-five cents, and which 
shall be paid bv the defendant if the defendant 
be found guiltv of the charge laid against him; 
but if, on appeal, said judgment be reversed, said 
costs shall be repaid to said defendant as herein- 
before provided. If the defendant be found not 
guilty of the charge or charges laid against him, 
then the costs must be paid by the prosecutor, 
except that when in such instances the Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles or the inspector of 
motor vehicles or a police officer shall have been 
the prosecutor. Amended P. L. 1909, p. 467. and 
P. L. 1913, d. 160. 



189 



PART IX. 

PUNISHMENTS AND PENALTIES. 

Section 35. 

"Fines and Penalties"; "Second Offense"; 
"Fictitious Numbers/' — Any person who shall be 
convicted of violating the provisions of sections 
fifteen and twenty-one of this act shall be sub- 
ject to a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars; 
in default of the payment of such fine there shall 
be imposed an imprisonment in the county jail 
for a period not exceeding ten days; provided, 
that any offender who shall be convicted of a 
second offense of the same violation may be fined 
in double the amount herein prescribed for the 
first offense, and may, in default of the payment 
thereof, be punished by imprisonment in the coun- 
ty jail for a period not exceeding twenty days; 
provided, further, that the penalties above pre- 
scribed shall not apply to the display of a ficti- 
tious number. 

Any person convicted of displaying a fictitious 
number as prohibited by section fifteen, or violat- 
ing the provisions of sections seventeen, nineteen 
or twenty of this act, shall be subject to a fine 
not exceeding five hundred dollars, or to im- 
prisonment in the county jail for a period not 
exceeding sixtv days. 

Any person who shall be convicted of a viola- 
tion of subdivision four of section twenty-two 
of this act, shall be subject to a fine not exceed- 
ing two hundred and fifty dollars, or to impris- 
onment in the county jail for a period not ex- 
ceeding thirty days. 

Any person who shall be convicted of a viola- 

190 



nun 



)f section sixteen of this act shall be sub- 
ject to a line not exceeding one hundred dollars. 
Any person who shall be convicted of a viola- 
tion of subdivision three of section twenty-two 
or of section twenty-three of this act, shall for 
the first offense be subject to a fine not exceed- 
ing one hundred dollars; in default of the pav- 
i ment o fsuch fine there shall be imposed an im- 
prisonment in the county jail for a period not 
exceeding ten days; provided, that any offender 
who shall be convicted of a second or any subse- 
quent offense of the same violation may be fined 
in double the amount herein prescribed for the 
hrst offense, or imprisonment in the county jail 
for a period not exceeding twenty days, and in 
addition to such penalties the license of said of- 
fender shall be revoked; provided, further, that 
nothing herein contained shall prevent a revoca- 
tion of license for the first offense, or for the 
violation of anv provisions of this act. 

Any oerson who shall be convicted of violating 
a 7 JVk' fo " owin S-named provisions of this 
act^ shall be subject to the penalties herein speci- 

t£&£ dX; s four or eighteen - a fine ■* 

Off/dollarT S,X ° r SCVen - S fine " 0t 

Of subdivision one of section twenty-two, a tine 
L 19 e i2. e p 499 tUenty " fiVe d °" ars - Amended P. 

Section 36. 
■■Revocation of License"; "Appeal"- "Rein- 
statement"; »Review»-lt shall be law ul for a 
magistrate before whom any hearing under this 



act shall be had, to revoke the license of any 
person to drive a motor vehicle when such per- 
son shall have been guilty of such wilful viola- 
tion of the provisions of this act as shall in the 
discretion of the said magistrate justify such re- 
vocation, but an appeal of the matter to the court 
of common pleas shall act as a stay upon the 
said revocation, and the court of common pleas 
upon the appeal of the said matter shall have 
the power to void the said revocation ; and the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall at all 
times have the power to validate a license that 
has been revoked, or to grant a new license to 
any person whose license to drive motor vehicles 
shall have been revoked. 

It shall be lawful for the Justice of the Supreme 
Court holding the circuit in each of the counties 
of this State, upon application made to him by a 
verified petition for that purpose by any person 
against whom a judgment or sentence for the 
violation of any of the provisions of this act 
shall have been rendered, who may desire to 
have the legality of his conviction reviewed or 
the reasonableness of the sentence or penalty im- 
posed, to order the said complaint, process, pro- 
ceedings, evidence and record of conviction to be 
forthwith brought before him, that the legality 
of such proceedings and sentence, or judgment, 
or the reasonableness of the sentence or penalty 
may be summarily reviewed and determined ; and 
if such proceedings and sentence or judgment 
shall thereupon be found to be illegal, or the 
sentence or penalty be unreasonable, forthwith 
to set aside the same and to order the remission 
or reduction of any fine and costs that may have 
been imposed or the discharge of any offender 
from custody. 

198 



PART X. 

MISCELLANEOUS. 

Section 37. 

"Disposition of Moneys"; "Received from 
Fines"; "Penalties."— Moneys received in accord- 
ance with the provisions of this act. whether from 
fines, penalties, registration fees, license fees or 
otherwise, shall be accounted for and forwarded 
to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles and by 
him paid over to the Treasurer of the State of; 
New Jersey, to be used by the Commissioner of 
Public Roads as a fund for the repair of such 
improved roads throughout the State as said Com- 
missioner shall designate, regard being had to 
the repair of the most important improved roads, 
and the distribution of the benefits of this act 
throughout the several counties of this State; 
provided, however, that there shall first be de- 
ducted from the moneys as aforesaid received 
the amount appropriated by the Legislature in 
any annual or supplemental bill for the mainten- 
ance of said Department of Motor Vehicles, 
which said sum so deducted shall become a part 
of the general State fund. Amended P. L. 1908, p. 
621 ; P. L. 1909. p. 368, and P. L. 1910. p. 349. 

Section 38. 

"Sign Boards:"— -The Commissioner of Public 
Roads is authorized and full power and authority 
are hereby given to him to erect at such points 
throughout the State as to him shall seem neces- 
sary, cautionary warnings of dangerous crossings. 
steep declivities or other irregularities or perils 
of the roadway, at a cost, however, not to exceed 
in the aggregate one thousand dollars per annum; 
193 



and is further authorized and full power and 
authority are hereby given to him to erect and 
maintain appropriate and proper guiding signs 
upon the highways throughout the State at such 
points as to him shall seem necessary or ad- 
vantageous for the guidance and direction of 
parties using such highways, so as to enable such 
parties to ascertain whither such highways lead 
and the distances from such signs to such other 
points as the said Commissioner of Public Roads 
shall seem desirable to be so indicated, and for 
this purpose the said Commissioner of Public 
Roads shall expend two thousand dollars per an- 
num for at least three years from the date of the 
approval of this act, and thereafter such sum 
in excess of two thousand dollars per annum as 
to the said Commissioner of Public Roads shall 
seem necessary and advisable. 

Section 39. 

"Machine Held as Bail"; "Redemption."— 
When any motor vehicle shall have been deposit- 
ed under this act in lieu of bond, the said motor 
vehicle shall be held the property of the State of 
New Jersey subject to the same conditions as 
would govern the bond under like circumstances, 
and may be redeemed by the person depositing 
the same upon delivery of the requisite bond or 
upon paying such fine and submitting to such pen- 
alty as may be imposed; and unless the motor 
vehicle so deposited in lieu of bond shall be re- 
deemed within ten days next following the date 
of the final determination of the matter, it shall 
be lawful for the Commissioner of Motor Ve- 
hicles to sell the same at public auction and apply 
the net proceeds of said sale (the expenses of the 

194 



matter having been deducted) as set forth in 
section thirty-seven hereof. 

Section 40. 
"Effect of Partial Invalidity of Act." — In. case 
for any reason any section or any provision of 
this act shall be questioned in any court, and 
shall be held to be unconstitutional or invalid, 
the same shall not be held to affect any other 
section or provision of this act. 

Section 41. 
"When Effective"; "Organization of Depart- 
ment." — This act shall take effect on July first, 
one thousand nine hundred and six; provided, 
however, that the organization of the Department 
of Motor Vehicle Registration and Regulation 
shall be effected forthwith and the registration of 
motor vehicles and licensing of drivers hereunder 
may be permitted for the convenience of owners 
and drivers of motor vehicles at such date earlier 
than the said July first, one thousand nine hun- 
dred and six, as the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles may designate. 

Section 42. 
''Justices' Jurisdiction Limited." — Nothing in 
this act shall be construed to give jurisdiction to 
justices of the peace in any city having a police 
justice or recorder's court. 



SUPPLEMENT TO CRIMES ACT. 

Section 43. 

Placing Sharp Substances in Road. — (1) Any 
person, except when acting under the authority 
of the governing body of any municipality, who 

19S 



shall throw, place or deposit any glass or other 
sharp or cutting substance or any other injurious 
obstruction in or upon any of the public high- 
ways of this State, shall be guilty of a misde- 
meanor. 

Penalty for Failure to Return Fees. — (2) Any 
person who, having collected any fine for any vio- 
lation of an act entitled "An act defining motor 
vehicles and providing for the registration of 
the same and the licensing of the drivers thereof; 
fixing rules regulating the use and speed of 
motor vehicles ; fixing the amount of license and 
registration fees ; prescribing and regulating pro- 
cess and the service thereof and proceedings for 
the violation of the provisions of the act and 
penalties for said violations," approved April 
twelfth, one thousand nine hundred and six, and 
shall fail within thirty days to return said fine, 
as provided by law, to the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. 
P. L. 1908. p. 180. 



SUPPLEMENT TO CRIMES ACT. 

Section 44. 

Misdemeanor in Using Motor Vehicles. — Any 
person who shall drive a motor vehicle without 
the positive consent of the owner thereof, any 
person who shall drive a motor vehicle while in 
an intoxicated condition, any person who shall 
drive a motor vehicle for any bet or wager or for 
the purpose of breaking any speed record thereto- 
fore made, any person who shall drive a motor 
vehicle after his license so to drive has been re- 
voked, any person who shall wilfully fail to dis- 



play proper registration or identification marks 
(as required bv the provisions of an act entitled 
'"An act defining motor vehicles and providing lor 
the registration of the same and the licensing of 
the drivers thereof; fixing rules regulating the 
use and speed of motor vehicles; fixing the 
amount of license and registration fees; prescrib- 
ing and regulating process and the service thereof 
and proceedings for the violation of the provisions 
of the act and penalties for said violations"), 
approved April sixteenth, one thousand nine hun- 
dred and eight, or any person who shall falsely 
display a registration or identification mark, shall 
be guilty of a misdemeanor. P. L. 1909, p. 200. 

SUPPLEMENT TO ROAD ACT. 

Section 45. 

Animal-Drawn Vehicles Must Display Light. — 
(1) Every vehicle drawn by horse, horses or other 
beasts shall carry during the period from thirty 
minutes after unset and thirty minutes before sun- 
rise, and whenever fog renders it impossible to 
see a long distance, at least one lighted lamp on 
the front of such vehicle, which said lamp shall 
show a white light and shall be of such a nature 
and so displayed that it may be seen from a 
point at least two hundred and fifty feet distant 
in the direction toward which the vehicle is pro- 
ceeding; and if such front lamp is so arranged 
that it will show a red light visible for a distance 
of at least two hundred and fifty feet in the 
direction from which the vehicle is proceeding, 
then no red light attached to the rear of such 
vehicle will be necessary. Provided, however, 
that where such front light does not show a red 
light visible for a distance of at least two hun- 

197 



dred and fifty feet in the direction from which 
the vehicle is proceeding, then there shall be at- 
tached to the rear of such vehicle one lighted 
lamp showing a red light visible for a distance 
of at least two hundred and fifty feet in the direc- 
tion from which the vehicle is proceeding. Any 
person or corporation violating the provisions of 
this act shall be subject to a fine in any amount 
not less than two dollars and fifty cents and not 
exceeding five dollars, recoverable before any 
justice of the peace, magistrate or recorder or 
other proper officer having jurisdiction thereof; 
or on failure to pay fine as above, shall be subject 
to imprisonment not to exceed three days in the 
county jail. Magistrates and officers in proceed- 
ings under this act shall be entitled to the fees 
provided by an act entitled "An act defining motor 
vehicles and providing for the registration of the 
same, and the licensing of the drivers thereof, 
fixing rules regulating the use and speed of motor 
vehicles, fixing the amount of license and regis- 
tration fees, prescribing and regulating process 
and the service thereof and proceedings for the 
violation of the provisions of the act and penal- 
ties for said violations," approved April twelfth. 
one thousand nine hundred and six. Money re- 
ceived in accordance with the provisions of this 
act shall be accounted for and forwarded to the 
treasurer or collector of taxes of the municipality 
within which the proceedings are taken for the 
punishment of the violations of this act. P. I.. 
1911, p. 40. As amended P. L. 1916, p. 230, and 
P. L. 1917, p. 89. 



198 



SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 
Section 46. 
Horse-Power Rating. — For registration pur- 
poses the horse-power of an automobile shall be 
computed by the formula adopted by the Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles on December first of 
each year, which rating shall govern in determin- 
ing the class to which such automobile belongs. 
The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles on Decem- 
ber first of each year may compel all dealers, 
manufacturers, or other persons holding automo- 
biles to provide with each sale a certificate which 
will indicate the various elements which are com- 
prised in the formula adopted by the said Com- 
missioner under the provisions of this amend- 
ment; provided, the Commissioner of Motor Ve- 
hicles shall adopt no formula which is not in 
general use by the standard trade associations 
of the United States as a basis of catalogue rat- 
ing. Supplement of April 27, 1911, P. L. 1911. 
p. 593, as amended by P. L. 1913, p. 741. 

Registration Fee for Last Four Months. — Any 
applicant for the registration of an automobile 
made on or after the first day of September in 
any year shall be required to pay for said regis- 
tration for the balance of the year but one-half 
the registration fee provided for in the class to 
which such automobile belongs. Supplement of 
P. L. 1911, p. 593. 

SUPPLEMENT TO DISORDERLY 
PERSONS ACT. 
Section 47. 
Driving When Intoxicated. — Any person or per- 
sons who shall operate an automobile or motor 

199 



or any other vehicle over any public street or 
highway while under the influence of intoxicating 
liquors shall be adjudged to be a disorderly per- 
son, and upon conviction thereof shall be punish- 
ed by an imprisonment of not less than thirty 
days and not more than six months. 

All acts and parts of acts inconsistent here- 
with are herebv repealed, and this act shall take 
effect immediately. P. L. 1913, p. 103. 



SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE 
ACT. 



Section 48. 

Illegal Markers; Lost Markers. — (1) No per- 
son or persons shall manufacture or cause to be 
manufactured, any identification marker in imita- 
tion of the official identification marker issued 
under the authority vested in the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles; nor shall any person or per- 
sons cause to be exposed any manufactured num- 
ber other than those issued under the authority 
of the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles; and in 
the event of one of the official identification 
markers being lost, the only marker which shall 
be displayed in place of such lost marker and 
duriner the time necessary for a new official identi- 
fication marker to be made, shall be the tags sup- 
plied by the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles to 
take the place of such lost number. No person 
or persons shall permit the manufacture of any 
fictitious identification marker or identification 
marker in imitation of the official identification 
marker at their place of residence or business. 
P. L. 1913, p. 151. 






Penalty. — (2) Any person or persons guilty of 
a violation of this act shall be subject to a fine 
not to exceed five hundred dollars or imprison- 
ment in the county jail for sixty days. P. L. 1913, 
p. 151. 

SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 
Section 49. 

Applications May Be Destroyed. — The Commis- 
sioner of Motor Vehicles may, in his discretion, 
destroy applications for registration certificates 
or drivers' licenses that shall be on file in his 
office for more than three years. P. L. 1913, p. 
152. 

AX ACT TO GIVE COMMISSIONER OF 

MOTOR VEHICLES POWER OF 

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE. 

Section 50. 

Judicial Powers of Commissioner. — The Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles is hereby vested with 
all the powers of a justice of the peace, recorder, 
or police judge conferred in an act entitled, "An 
act defining motor vehicles and providing for 
the registration of the same and the licensing of 
the drivers thereof; fixing rules regulating the 
use and speed of motor, vehicles; fixing the 
amount of license and registration fees; prescrib- 
ing and regulating process and the service thereof 
and proceedings for the violation of the provis- 
ions of the act and penalties for said violations," 
approved April twelfth, one thousand nine hun- 
dred and six. and the several supplements thereto 
and acts amendatory thereof. P. L. 1913, p. 746. 

201 



SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 

Section 51. 

Summoning Witness; Service; Penalty. — The 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall have power 
to summon witnesses to appear before him at his 
office, or at such other place as may be desig- 
nated by the said Commissioner, to give testi- 
mony in any hearing which the said Commis- 
sioner may hold looking toward a revocation of 
any license issued by or under the authority of 
the said Commissioner. Such summons shall be 
served at least five days before the return date. 
Service may be made by registered mail or by per- 
sonal service. Whenever it shall anoear that any 
person has failed to obey such summons, he shall 
be subject to a penalty not exceeding one hundred 
dollars, to be recovered with costs in an action 
of debt, to be prosecuted by the Attorney-General 
of the State. The fees for witnesses required 
to attend before the Commissioner shall be one 
dollar for each day's attendance and three cents 
for every mile of travel by the nearest generally 
traveled route in going to and from the place 
where the attendance of the witness is required ; 
such fees to be paid when the witness is excused 
from further attendance, and the disbursements 
made from payment of such fees to be audited 
and paid in the same manner provided for ex- 
penses of the Department of Motor Vehicles. 
P. L. 1913, p. 742. 

SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 

Section 52. 

Records Indexed; Copy in Evidence. — It shall 
he the dutv of the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles to cause all applications for registration 

202 



and drivers' licenses to be alphabetically indexed, 
and any such original application or any copy 
thereof certified to be a true copy under the hand 
of the said Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall 
be received as evidence in any court of this State 
to prove the facts contained therein. P. L. 1913, 
p. 747. 



ACT FOR PRESERVATION OF HIGHWAYS. 

Section 53. 

Permits; Width of Tire.— {I) No traction en- 
gine, trailer, motor or other vehicle, except those 
exclusively running on rails or tracks, shall b° 
operated upon or over a highway or bridge in 
this State, nor shall any object be moved over or 
upon a highwav or bridge, upon wheels, rollers or 
otherwise, except those exclusively running on 
rails or tracks, in excess of a total weight of 
twenty-five thousand (25,000) pounds, including 
vehicle object or contrivance and locd, without 
first obtaining a permit, mentioned in section 
three of this act, from the authority or authori- 
ties in charge of the maintenance or cire of said 
highway or bridge; nor shall any vehicle be oper- 
ated or contrivance moved upon or over said 
highways or bridges which has any flange ribs 
clamps or other object attached to its wheels or 
made a part thereof, which will injure or de- 
troy the surface of the highway or tridge, nor 
shall any such engine, vehicle, object or contriv- 
ance for moving heavy loads be operated or 
moved upon or over any highway or bridge the 
weight of which resting upon the mrface of 

f Q nm g 7 ° r bddge exceeds efc 1 * hundred 
UWJ) pounds upon any inch in width of the tire, 

203 



roller, wheel or other object supported upon the 
surface thereof without first obtaining said per- 
mit. The owner, driver, operator or mover of 
any such engine, vehicle, object or contrivance 
over said highway or bridge shall, unless relieved 
from liability in said permit, be responsible for 
all damages which said highway or bridge may 
sustain as a result of said action on his part, 
; and the amount thereof may be recovered by the 
.authority or authorities in charge of the main- 
tenance or care of the highway or bridge which 
is injured, in an action of tort. 

Speed. — (2) No steam traction engine, with or 
w ith'out trai'ers. and no motor truck carrying a 
weight in excess of eight thousand (8,000) pounds, 
including the vehicle, shall be operated upon any 
highway or bridge at a speed greater than twelve 
(12) miles an hour; and no vehicle carrying a 
weight in excess of twelve thousand (12,000) 
pounds, including the vehicle, shall be operated 
upon any highway or bridge at a speed greater 
than eight (8) miles an hour, when such vehicle 
is equipped with tires partly or entirely made of 
metal, nor greater than ten (10) miles an hour 
when the vehicle is equipped with tires or other 
material than metal. 

Permits; Power to Make Regulations.— (3) The 
State Road Commissioner, or any county or 
municipal officer, or county or municipal board 
oi body hiving charge of the repair and main- 
tenance of any highway or bridge in this State, 
is hereby mthorized, upon proper application in 
writing, to grant permits for the moving of heavy 
vehicles, loads, objects or structures over said 
highways ind bridges, which permit when duly 
granted, siall authorize such movement. Said 

304 



permits may be general or may limit the time anq 
the particular highways and bridges which may 
be used, and may contain any special conditions 
or provisions which in the opinion of the author- 
ity granting the same are necessary for the pro- 
tection of said highways or bridges from in^ 
iury. The authorities having charge of any such 
ijridge are hereby authorized to make regulations 
limiting the speed of any of the vehicles men- 
tioned in this act passing over said bridge to a 
speed not to exceed six (6) miles ^an hour; pro- 
vided notice is conspicuously posted at each end 
of the bridge affected by such regulation. 

Penalty. — (4) Any person violating the provis- 
ions of this act or the regulations made or per- 
mits granted under authority thereof shall be 
liable to a fine of not less than ten dollars, nor 
more than one thousand dollars for each and 
every offense, and said fines shall be paid to the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles for use on 
State highways or bridges when State highways 
or bridges are injured, and into the treasury of 
the county or municipality when any highway or 
bridge is injured which is under the care of 
such county or municipality, for use on the high- 
ways and bridges of such county or municip?. 1 :- 
ity in addition to any other moneys that may be 
available for that purpose. 

Exemption. — (5) This act shall not apply to 
street railway cars operated upon tracks over 
such highway or bridge, and shall take effect 
immediatelv. and inconsistent acts or parts of all 
other acts, general or special, are hereby re- 
pealed. P. L. 1913, p. 779. 



Mo 



SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 1 

Section 54. 

Violations to Be Reported by Magistrate. — 
Every justice of the peace, police magistrate, re- 
corder or police judge shall make a report to the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles of all cases 
heard before him for violation of the motor 
vehicle act or for any other violation in which a 
motor vehicle, was used in any way in writing, 
within three days after the disposition of such 
case before him as a magistrate upon blanks pro- 
vided by the said Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles for this purpose, and such report shall 
state the nature of the violation, the disposition 
of the case by the said magistrate, and any rec- : 
ommendations which the said magistrate may 
deem of value to the said Commissioner in deter- 
mining whether action be taken against the license 
of the driver or owner of such motor vehicle. 
P. L. 1915, p. 136. 

SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 

Section 55. 

Commissioner to Pass Upon Construction; 
Safety Devices. — The Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles is given authority to pass upon the con-] 
struction, as to width, height, tires and equip- 
ment with safety devices, of any commercial 
vehicle of over four thousand pounds in weight, 
with a view to its safety for use on the roads, 
and the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles may 
withhold license from any such vehicle which is 
not equipped in accordance with the regulations 

206 



duly adopted by him; provided five days' notice is 
given by letter or otherwise of such regulation, 
and may, in the event of failure of compliance 
and after such license has been issued, revoke or 
suspend such license or registration in the. man- 
ner provided in the act to which this act is a sup- 
plement, on the ground that such motor vehicle 
has not complied with the reasonable regulations 
of the motor vehicle department. P. L. 1915. 
p. 148. 

SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE ACT. 

Section 56. 

Trailers Registered; Lights. — The Commission- 
er of Motor Vehicles shall register all vehicles 
trailing after or propelled by motor vehicles upon 
application being duly made, which shall contain 
a brief description of such vehicle indicating its 
capacity and weight. The fees for such regis- 
tration shall be three dollars for each such 
vehicle. The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
shall adopt a form of registration tag of the same 
character and workmanship as the regular tags 
for automobiles; such tag shall have the letter 
*T," the number, and shall be affixed to the rear 
of the trailer if drawn, and to the front of the 
trailer if propelled, and shall be lighted in the 
same manner as tags of an automobile. If, how- 
ever, the trailer be propelled, it shall carry two 
white lights to the front, as provided for auto- 
mobiles in section four of the act to which this 
is a supplement. P. L. 1915. p. 150. 



>07 



ACT FOR THE REGULATION OF VEHICU- 
LAR AND PEDESTRIANS' USE 
OF ROADS. 

Section 57. 

Authority of Inspectors. — All inspectors and 
officers appointed under the authority of an act 
entitled, "An act defining motor vehicles and pro- 
viding for the registration of the same and the 
licensing of the drivers thereof ; fixing rules regu- 
lating the use and speed of motor vehicles; fixing 
the amount of license and registration fees; pre- 
scribing and regulating process and the service 
thereof; and proceedings for the violation of the 
provisions of the act and penalties for said vio- 
lations," approved April twelfth, one thousand 
nine hundred and six, and the amendments 
thereof and supplements thereto, be and the same 
are hereby given authority to regulate all traffic 
on the public streets and highways, and are 
hereby given explicit powers to enforce all laws 
regulating traffic or governing the equipment of 
vehicles on the public streets and highways of this 
State. Nothing in this act shall be construed to 
give such inspectors or officers any authority 
over street railways or railroads operated as 
street railways ; provided, however, such authority 
and regulation shall not supersede, but shall be 
in addition to the authority and regulation ex- 
ercised and authorized by local police departments 
in any municipality. P. L. 1915, p. 242. 



SUPPLEMENT TO MOTOR VEHICLE 
ACTS. 

Section 58. 

Not to Alter Maker's Number. — (1) No per- 
son shall remove, alter, or in anywise deface or 
mutilate the number plate placed upon each ma- 
chine by the maker, upon which appears the 
maker's number. 

Not io Mutilate Identification Number. — (2) 
No person shall alter, remove or mutilate any 
identification number placed upon the engine or 
any part thereof of a motor vehicle. 

Alteration of Vehicle a Violation of Act. — (3) 
Any person having" in his possession a motor 
vehicle from which such number plate as above 
has been removed, altered or mutilated, or upon 
which the numbers placed upon the engine or any 
other part thereof have been removed, altered or 
mutilated, and when such removal, alteration or 
mutilation is apparent to such person, shall be 
deemed guilty of a violation of this act. 

Commissioner of Motor Vehicles to be Noti- 
fied. — (4) If, however, any person who has come 
into possession of any motor vehicle whereon 
such maker's number or other number has been 
removed, altered or mutilated, and who notifies 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles of such re- 
moval, alteration or mutilation, shall not be 
deemed in violation of this act. 

Penally. — (5) Any person guilty of a viola 
tion of this act shall be subject to a fine not to 
exceed one hundred dollars, and in default of 
payment of such fine, there shall be imposed an 
imprisonment in the county jail for a period not 
exceeding ten days. P. L. 1915, p. 243. 

209 



AN ACT RELATIVE TO THE REPORTING 

OF AUTOMOBILE ACCIDENTS. 

Section 59. 

Drivers to Report Certain Accidents. — (1) 
Every operator of a motor vehicle which for any 
reason is involved in an accident on any highway 
in this State in which any person is injured, 
other than said operator or owner, or any prop- 
erty belonging to anyone other than the said oper- 
ator or owner is damaged to the extent of ten 
dollars or more, shall forthwith report same in 
writing to the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles. 

Penalty. — (2) For any violation of the pro- 
visions of this act the said Commissioner may re- 
voke or suspend the license of the operator. 
P. L. 1916, p. 343. 



APPROPRIATION FOR MOTOR VEHICLE 

MARKERS. 

Section 60. 

(1) The sum of six thousand five hundred 
dollars, or so much thereof as may be necessary, 
is hereby appropriated for the purchase and 
packing of additional identification markers for 
the Department of Motor Vehicle Regulation and 
Registration for the year one thousand nine hun- 
dred and seventeen when included in any annual 
or supplemental appropriation bill. Payment of 
the above item to be made from the receipts of 
the Department of Motor Vehicle Regulation and 
Registration, pursuant to chapter two hundred and 
thirty-five of the Laws of one thousand nine 
hundred and nine. 

210 



AN ACT TO REGULATE THE USE OF 
MOTOR VEHICLES FOR COM- 
MERCIAL PURPOSES. 

Section 61. 

(1) "Commercial motor vehicle," as used in 
this act, shall include every type of motor-driven 
vehicle used for commercial purposes on the 
highways, including omnibuses, jitneys, and all 
other types of motor-driven vehicles used for the 
transportation of passengers for hire, excepting 
such vehicles as are run only upon rails or tracks. 

"Motor-drawn vehicle," as used in this act, shall 
include trailers, semi-trailers, or any other type 
of vehicle drawn by a motor-driven vehicle. 

"Trailer," as used in this act, is a vehicle of 
more than two wheels, without motor power, 
drawn by a motor-driven vehicle. 

"Semi-trailer," as used in this act, is a two- 
wheeled vehicle, without motor power, drawn by 
a motor-driven vehicle. 

"Tractor," as used in this act, is a motor- 
driven vehicle without body. 

"Pneumatic tire," as used in this act, is a rub- 
ber tire in which the air chamber has a cross- 
section area of at least fifty per centum of the 
total cross-section area of the tire and air cham- 
ber combined, and which depends upon the sus- 
taining power of compressed air therein con- 
tained to support the load. 

All other tires referred to in this act shall be 
classed as solid rubber tires. 

211 



No commercial motor vehicle, motor-drawn 
vehicle, trailer, semi-trailer, or tractor, shall be 
registered in this State, unless the same are 
equipped on all wheels with pnumatic tires or 
solid rubber tires. Amended P. L. 1918, p. 189. 

(2) The Commissioner of Motor Vehicles shall 
license traction machines and agricultural ma- 
chinery, not equipped with rubber tires, to travel 
upon the public highways at a speed not to ex- 
ceed four miles per hour, in cases where cover- 
ings of wood or other substance are attached to 
the wheels in such manner as to present a smooth 
surface to the highway, and in accordance with 
such regulations as shall be adopted by the Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles. The fee for such 
license shall be three dollars per annum, whether 
such license be issued for the calendar year or 
for only a portion of the calendar year. 

(3) No commercial motor vehicles or tractor 
shall be used on the public highways while draw- 
ing more than one motor-drawn vehicle, either 
trailer or semi-trailer. Amended P. L. 1918, 
p. 189. 

(4) No commercial motor vehicle or tractor 
not equipped on all wheels with pneumatic tires 
shall be used on the public highways unless there 
is attached to the chassis, in plain view, a metal 
plate giving the following information : 

Maker's name 

Number Motor number 

Weight of vehicle Pounds 

Allowable load Pounds 

Gross weight Pounds 

Maximum speed miles per hour 



(5) Every commercial motor vehicle or motor- 
drawn vehicle used on the public highways carry- 
ing loads extending beyond the outside dimen- 
sions of such vehicle shall have displayed at the 
outside extremity of such load a red flag by day, 
which shall be not less than twelve inches square, 
and a red light by night, and they shall -be so 
hung as to present a full view to the drivers of 
approaching vehicles. Such red light shall be in 
addition to the red light now provided for in 
section four of the act entitled, "An act defining 
motor vehicles and providing for the registration 
of the same and the licensing of the drivers there- 
of; fixing rules regulating the use and speed of 
motor vehicles ; fixing the amount of license and 
registration fees ; prescribing and regulating 
process and the service thereof and proceedings 
for the violation of the provisions of the act and 
penalties for said violations," approved April 
twelfth, one thousand nine hundred and six. 

(6) No commercial vehicle shall be driven 
over any bridge in this State upon which bridge 
is posted in a conspicuous place a sign stating 
the gross weight which said bridge will carry. 
if the eross weight of said vehicle and load is 
greater than the gross weight stated on said 
sign. In case this section is violated, the owner 
of the commercial motor vehicle used in viola- 
tion of this section shall, in addition to the pen- 
alty in this act prescribed, be responsible to the 
county or municipality maintaining such bridge 
for any damage which may be done to such bridge 
by reason of such violation. 

(7) All motor vehicle inspectors shall be 
authorized to make such tests as in their judg- 

213 



ment may be necessary for the purpose of deter- 
mining the gross weight, size of tires, speed in 
miles per hour of all commercial motor vehicles 
and moto-drawn vehicles operated on the high- 
ways of this State. 

(8) The size of tires used on all commercial 
motor vehicles or motor-drawn vehicles shall be 
determined on the maximum width of rubber, 
and in no case shall the width of bearing sur- 
face, when such vehicle is unloaded, be less than 
two-thirds of such size. 

(9) Where registration shall be applied for 
any commercial motor vehicle or tractor, equip- 
ped with tires smaller than the tires required by 
the schedule below given, the gross weight for 
such registration shall be based upon the small- 
est size of tires given in said schedule. Amended 
P. L. 1918, p. 189. 

(10) The maximum rate of speed for com- 
mercial vehicles and tractors equipped wholly or 
in part with solid rubber tires, which motor 
vehicles or tractors, including the weight of 
>ame and load thereon, weigh in excess of four 
tons and not in excess of six tons, shall be six- 
teen miles an hour; when the weight of the 
vehicle and the load thereon shall be in excess of 
six tons and not in excess of ten tons, the maxi- 
mum soeed shall be fourteen miles per hour ; and 
tor all commercial motor vehicles or tractors 
where the weight of vehicle and load thereon 
shall be in excess of ten tons and not in excess 
of fifteen tons, the maximum speed shall be ten 
miles per hour ; provided, however, that nothing 



in this section contained shall be held to alter, re- 
peal or amend any of the provisions of section 
twenty-three of the Motor Vehicle Act as the 
same relates to speed of vehicles in built up 
portions of a city, town, township, borough or 
village where the houses are on an average less 
than one hundred feet apart, or as the same 
relate to reckless driving. Amended P. L. 1918. 
p. 189. 



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LAWS OF THE VARIOUS STATES 
REGARDING TIME ALLOWED AUTO- 
MOBILES REGISTERED BY AND 
DISPLAYING PLATES OF 
ANOTHER STATE. 

Alabama Reciprocal 

Arizona 6 Months 

Arkansas Reciprocal 

California 3 Months 

Colorado 90 Days 

Connecticut Reciprocal 

District of Columbia Reciprocal 

Delaware Reciprocal 

Florida 30 Days 

Georgia 30 Days 

Idaho Reciprocal 

Illinois 60 Days 

I ndiana 60 Days 

Iowa Reciprocal 

Kansas 30 Days 

Kentucky Reciprocal 

Louisiana Reciprocal 

Maine 30 Days 

Maryland ' Reciprocal 

Massachusetts Reciprocal 

Michigan 90 Days 

Minnesota 30 Days 

Mississippi 60 Days 

Missouri 20 Days 

Montana Reciprocal 

Nebraska 30 Days 

Nevada 30 Consecutive Days 

New Hampshire 10 Days in One Yeai 

New York 15 Days 

New Mexico 60 Days 

North Carolina 15 Days 



North Dakota Reciprocal 

( )hio Reciprocal 

Oklahoma Reciprocal 

Ontario 21 Days 

Oregon 30 Days 

Pennsylvania Reciprocal 

Rhode Island 10 Days 

South Carolina, County Registration, Reciprocal 

South Dakota Reciprocal 

Tennessee Reciprocal 

Texas County Registration, Reciprocal 

Utah 30 Days 

Vermont Reciprocal 

Virginia 2 Periods, 7 Days Each 

Washington 90 Days 

West Virginia Reciprocal 

Wisconsin Reciprocal 

Wyoming Reciprocal 

Under the orovisions of the Motor Vehicle 
Law of New Jersey, a car registered by and dis- 
playing registration numbers of another State 
may be operated in New Jersey for a period of 
fifteen days in any one year. 



219 



STATE TRAFFIC ACT 

CHAPTER 156, LAWS 1915. 

As Amended by Chap. 24, Laws of 1916, and 

Chap. 141, Laws of 1918. 

TRAFFIC ACT. 

An Act providing for the regulation of vehicles, 
animals, and pedestrians on all public roads 
and turnpikes, and prescribing and regulating 
process and the service thereof and proceedings 
for the violation of the provisions of the act 
and penalties for said violations, and granting 
authority to towns, cities, boroughs and town- 
ships, under certain restrictions for the adop- 
tion of ordinances further regulating vehicles, 
pedestrians, and animals, and designating the 
authorities to enforce its provisions, and 
denning their powers and their authority. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and General Assem- 
bly of the State of New Jersey : 

PART I. 
1. Definitions. As used in this statute : 

(1) The word "vehicle" includes equestrians, 
led horses, and everything on wheels or runners, 
except street railway cars and baby carriages, 
unless otherwise specified. 

(2) The word "driver" includes the rider or 
driver of a horse, bicycle, or motorcycle, and 
driver or operator of a motor vehicle, unless oth- 
erwise specified. 

(3) The word "horse" includes mules and all 



other domestic animals used as draught animals 
or beasts of burden. 

(4) The word "crossing" includes all duly in- 
dicated crossings marked by a pavement or other- 
wise, and the most direct route from curb to 
curb at the intersection of streets. 

PART II. 

REGULATIONS APPLYING TO ALL 
ROADS AND STREETS, STOPPING, 

TURNING, PASSING, CROSSING. 
1. (1) Rules as to Movement of Vehicles. — 
On all public roads, highways, turnpikes or streets, 
the following rules and regulations shall be ef- 
fective : 

(2) A vehicle shall keep to the right, and when 
the improved portion of a road is of sufficient 
width, the vehicle shall keep to the right of the 
center of such roads, except when passing a 
vehicle ahead. 

(3) A vehicle meeting another shall pass to 
the right. 

(4) A vehicle overtaking another shall pass 
on the left side of the overtaken vehicle, and the, 
vehicle overtaken shall bear to the right, and the 
vehicle overtaking the vehicle ahead and in pass- 
ing to the left shall not, unless compelled to by 
the width of the road, pass to the left side of 
such road, but shall as far as possible keep to the 
right when passing the vehicle overtaken. 

(5) A vehicle turning into another road to 
the right shall turn the corner as near to the 
right-hand boundaries of the road as possible. 

(6) A vehicle turning into another road to 



the left shall, before turning, pass, when pos- 
sible, to the right of and beyond the center of 
the intersection of the two roads. 

(7) A vehicle turning so as to proceed in the 
opposite direction or to stop at the opposite curb, 
in making such turn, shall cross the road to the 
opposite side thereof, and turn to the left, so as 
to head in the same direction as traffic on that 
side of the road; provided, however, that this 
provision shall be liberally construed when, be- 
cause of the width of the road, it is impossible 
for a vehicle to make a turn in this manner. 

(8) No vehicle shall stop with its left side 
to the side of the road or to the curb, except as 
hereafter provided in subsection nine of this 
section. 

(9) No vehicle shall be stopped on any road 
or street except such vehicle be drawn to the 
side, and when such road or street has a curb- 
ing, then such vehicle shall be drawn close to 
such curb ; provided, however, that nothing in 
this section shall prevent a vehicle from stopping 
in any emergency in order to avoid accident or 
to allow the right of way to vehicles or pedes- 
trians, as provided in this act. 

(10) Every driver or operator of any vehicle 
following anv street car when passing such street 
car while it is stopped to take on or discharge 
passengers shall only pass such street car on 
the right and shall keep at least eight feet from 
the right-hand running board or low step of 
said car, and shall give an audible indication of 
approach to said car and shall exercise due pre- 
caution not to interfere with or injure the passen- 
gers getting on or off the car. 

If bv reason of the presence of other vehicles 
at the place where such car is stopping or by 

222 



reason of the narrowness of the street or road, 
or for any other reason, it is not possible to 
preserve such distance of eight feet, then said 
driver or operator shall bring his vehicle to a full 
stop until the car shall have taken on or dis- 
charged its passengers and again started; pro- 
vided, however, that nothing in this section shall 
apply to street cars operated on tracks which are 
laid at the side of any public road, highway or 
turnpike; and further provided, that when street 
cars are operated on any track at the side of any 
road or street, that every driver or operator of 
any vehicle moving in the same direction as such 
car shall pass same under the precautions as 
above at a radius of eight feet from either the 
right-hand or the left-hand running board, as the 
case may be, and if proceeding in the oppo- 
site direction to such car shall use due care; and 
that further, when passing a standing street car 
to take on or let off passengers, the vehicle shall 
not be operated or driven at a greater speed 
than six miles an hour until entirely clear oi 
the street car. 

(11) A vehicle proceeding in the same direc- 
tion as a street car operated on tracks in the 
center of anv public road, street, highway or 
turnpike, when passing a moving street car shali 
pass such street car on its right; provided, how- 
ever, when through narrowness of road or street, 
or through a congestion of traffic standing at the 
curb or side of such road or street, it is impos- 
sible or unsafe to pass such street car as above, 
then by exercising exceptional caution, the vehicle 
may pass on the left of such street car. 

(12) A vehicle passing a motor bus or .a track- 
less trolley should pass as indicated in sub- 
section eleven. 

223 



(13) It shall be unlawful for any person to 
hitch, or leave standing, or to cause or permit to 
he hitched or left standing, any animal, or to 
leave standing or to cause or permit to be left 
standing any vehicle, or to stop, or cause to be 
stopped, anv animal or vehicle, in or upon any 
public street, within ten (10) feet of a fire hy- 
drant, unless such animal is in charge of some 
person capable of driving the same, or unless 
such vehicle is in charge of some person capa- 
ble of driving or operating same. 

SIGNALS. 

3. Signals. On all public roads, streets, high- 
ways and turnpikes, the following regulations 
shall be in force : 

(1) Every driver of a vehicle approaching 
shall signal to those behind by raising a whip or 
hand. 

(2) In turning while in motion or in start- 
ing to turn from a standing-still position, sig- 
nal shall be given by extending the whip or hand. 
or by operating an adequate mechanical device 
indicating the direction in which the turn is to 
be made. 

(3) Before backing, ample warning should be 
given, and while backing unceasing vigilance 
■^hall be exercised not to injure those behind. 

(4) Any driver, upon two blasts of a police 
whistle blown by a police officer, shall stop. 

(5) When in case of accident or emergency it 
becomes necessary to leave any vehicle on any 
public road or street at night, at least one red 
light must be conspicuously displayed thereon by 
the owner or person in charge, such light to be 
visible in both directions. 

284 



(6) No person shall drive any horse or horses 
attached to any sleigh or sled on any street un- 
less there shall be a sufficient number of bells 
attached to the harness of such horse or horses 
to give warning of their approach. 

(7) All bicycles when in use on any street 
at night shall have a lamp of sufficient illuminat- 
ing power to be seen two hundred feet in the 
direction in which such bicycle is approaching, 
such lamp to be attached thereto and kept lighted 
from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour 
before sunrise. 

(8) Bicycles shall be equipped with an audible 
signal which can be heard easily at a distance of 
two hundred feet. Amended P. L. 1918, p. 324. 

RIGHT OF WAY. 

4. Right of Way. On all public roads, streets, 
highways or turnpikes, the following rules and 
regulations shall be in force : 

(1) Everv driver of a vehicle approaching 
the intersection of a street or public road shall 
grant the right of way at such intersection to 
any vehicle approaching from his right; provided, 
that whenever traffic officers are stationed that 
they shall have full power to regulate traffic. 

(2) Subject to subsection one of this part, 
street cars shall have the right of way between 
cross-roads or cross-streets over all other vehicles, 
and the driver or person in control of any vehicle 
proceeding upon the track in front of the street 
car shall immediately turn out on signal from 
the motorman or person in control of the street 
car. 

(3) Any driver of any vehicle on the street 
car tracks preceding or following the street car 

225 



shall keep at least ten feet from said car. when 
following the street car shall turn off the track 
when car stops and proceed as provided in sec- 
tion two. subsections ten and eleven, of this act. 
(4) Slow-moving and heavily-laden vehicles 
shall keep as near to the right-hand boundary of 
the road or the right-hand curb, as the case 
may be. as possible so as to allow free passage 
h*r faster-moving vehicles. 

SPEED. 

5. Rate of Movement. — On all public roads, 
streets, highways and turnpikes the following 
regulations shall be in force : 

(1) No person or persons shall drive any 
horse-drawn vehicle or ride any bicycle upon or 
along any street or public road at a greater 
speed than at the rate of twelve miles per hour, 
and when turning a corner of any street or 
road the rate of speed shall not be greater than 
six miles per hour. 

(2) No street car shall be operated at a 
greater speed than at the rate of thirty miles an 
hour in places where the houses are on an aver- 
age of greater than one hundred feet apart, 
when the tracks on which such car is operated arc 
laid on any public road. 

CONTROL OF HORSES. 

6. Control of Animals. — On all public roads, 
streets, highways and turnpikes, the following 
regulations shall be in force : 

(1) No person shall cease to hold the reins 
in his hands while riding, driving or conducting 
a horse. 

(2) No person shall run or race any horse 

226 



on any road, whether the running, racing or 
trotting be for trial of speed or for the purpose 
of passing another horse or vehicle; provided, 
however, that this provision shall not apply where 
permission for racing is given by the proper muni- 
cipal or country authorities, and the portion of 
the road, highway or turnpike devoted to such 
racing is properly closed to other traffic. 

(3) No person shall drive a motor vehicle 
that is constructed or so covered in as to pre- 
vent the driver thereof from having a sufficient 
view of the traffic following, and at the sides 
of such vehicle, unless such vehicle is equipped 
with some device that will show the driver the 
road to the rear and the road to the side. 

(4) No person shall drive or conduct any 
vehicle in such condition, so constructed or so 
loaded as to be likely to cause delay in traffic or 
accident or injury to man, beast or property. 

(5) No person shall ride upon the rear end of 
any vehicle without the consent of the driver, and, 
when so riding, no part of the person's body 
must protrude beyond the limits of the vehicle. 

CONDITION AND TREATMENT OF 
HORSES. 

7. Care of Animals. — On all public roads, 
streets, highways and turnpikes, the following 
regulations shall be in force: 

(1) No person shall either ill-treat, over- 
drive, override or cruelly or unnecessarily beat 
any horse. 

(2) No person shall crack or so use a whip 
as to annoy, interfere with or endanger any per- 

227 



son, or excite any horse other than that which 
he is using. 

(3) It shall be unlawful for bicycle riders and 
persons on roller skates to hold fast to or hitch 
on to trolley cars or other vehicles. 

STREET CARS. 

8. Trolley Cars. — On all public roads, streets, 
highways and turnpikes, the following regula- 
tions shall be in force : 

(1) It shall be the duty of the motorman and 
drivers of cars to give ample notice to the driv- 
ers of vehicles and pedestrians of their approach, 
and also to afford all reasonable opportunity for 
them to avoid collision or accident; provided, 
nothing in this section shall relieve the motor- 
man or street railway from any duty or care 
now due or owing to the users or occupants of 
any highway. 

(2) In the event of collision on the part of a 
street car with any person or vehicle, the motor- 
man or driver of such car shall immediately stop, 
give his name and address, and render any assist- 
ance to any injured person that may be re- 
quired. 

(3) The motorman or driver of any street oar. 
on approaching road intersections or street cross- 
ings, shall sound his signal bell in quick succes- 
sion at a reasonable distance from such inter- 
section, and shall also sound such signal when 
approaching teams or carriages or persons, and 
no person, after striking of the bell shall delav or 
hinder the passage of the car. 

(4) Any street car carrying construction ma- 
terial which extends or projects beyond the car 
itself, shall, during the day, carry a red flag at the 

2?S 



end of such projecting material, and at night a 
red light. 

(5) Ever) street railway company may estab- 
lish certain road intersections, street crossings or 
other points along its railway as regular stops, 
and unless otherwise ordered by the Board of 
Public Utility Commissioners, or by the board 
or body having charge of streets in 'any muni- 
cipality, it will not be necessary for said railway 
company to stop its cars for the purpose of tak- 
ing on or letting off passengers at any place other 
than at such established stops. When such estab- 
lished stops are at road intersections or street 
crossings the near side of said intersection or 
crossing shall be designated as the established 
stop, except at special intersections or crossings 
or under special conditions where in the judgment 
of the street railway company or the Board of 
Public Utility Commissioners, or the police 
authorities, the convenience or safety of the 
public will be better served, the far side may 
be designated as the established stop. 

OBEDIENCE AND ENFORCEMENT. 

9. Traffic Regulations.— On all roads, streets, 
highways and turnpikes, the following regulations 
shall be in force: 

(1) Drivers of vehicles, street cars, or horses 
must at all times comply with any direction by 
voice or hand of any member of the police depart- 
ment any peace officer, commissioner of motor 
vehicles, or inspector of motor vehicles, when en- 
torcing any of the provisions of this act. 

(2) The enforcement of all of the provisions 
of this act shall be vested in the police officers 
ot. or inspectors, duly appointed for that pur- 



pose by any town, township, city, borough, or 
other municipality, and in the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles and the inspectors appointed un- 
der this authority. 

ACCIDENTS. 

10. When Accident Occurs. — Every driver of 
a vehicle, after knowingly causing an accident, 
shall forthwith bring his vehicle to a stop and 
shall render any assistance possible, and shall 
give his name and address and the name and 
addresses of all persons in his vehicle; provided. 
that this section shall not in any wise alter the 
provisions of section twenty-two, subsection four, 
of chapter 113, P. L. 1906. 

PART III. 

REGULATIONS FOR CITIES AND TOWNS 
ONLY. 

11. City and Town Regulations. — The follow- 
ing provisions shall be in force only in places 
where the houses are on an average of less than 
one hundred feet apart : 

(1) On an avenue or' street divided longi- 
tudinally by a parkway, walk, viaduct, or sim- 
ilar constructions, vehicles shall keep to the right 
of such division. 

(2) No vehicle shall stop or stand within the 
intersection of any cross-street nor within ten 
feet of any cross-walk or street crossing. 

(3) No vehicle shall stand backed to the curb 
when loading or unloading, except when it is 
impracticable to load or unload such vehicle while 
standing parallel to the curb; provided, that no 
vehicle shall be permitted to completely block the 

230 



passage of other vehicle by remaining backed up 
to curb for longer than four minutes ; provided, 
further, that no vehicle shall be permitted to 
obstruct the passage of any street car by remain- 
ing backed up to the curb. If necessary to back 
up to the curb, if the vehicle is horse-drawn and 
has four wheels, the horse or horses must stand 
parallel to the curb and facing the direction of 
traffic. 

(4) No vehicle shall back or make a turn in 
any street if by so doing it interferes with other 
vehicles, but shall go around a block or to a 
street sufficiently wide to turn in without backing. 

(5) Any driver shall, upon one blast of a 
police whistle, slow up; upon one blast of a police 
\vhistle with hand raised given by a police officer, 
the vehicle shall come to a full stop and shall 
not proceed again until receiving a signal of two 
blasts so to do from such officer. Three or more 
blasts of the police whistle is the signal for alarm 
and indicates the approach of a fire engine or 
some other danger. 

(6) When in case of an accident or emer- 
gency, it becomes necessary to leave a vehicle 
unhitched in the street at night, a red light must 
be conspicuously displayed thereon by the owner 
or person in charge. 

(7) Street cars carrying construction material 
and vehicles of burden when carrying construc- 
tion materials projecting behind, such as iron 
rail, planks, or other similar materials, shall, in 
the day time carry a red flag, and at night a red 
light, which flag or light shall be attached to the 
end of the materials projecting. 

(8) Police, fire department, fire patrol, traffic 
emergency repair, United States mail vehicles, 
and hospital ambulances shall have the right of 

231 



way in any street, and physicians shall have the 
right of way through any procession. If any 
procession shall take longer than fifteen min- 
utes to pass any given point, such procession shall 
be interrupted every fifteen minutes for the pass- 
age of street cars which may be waiting. 

(9) No vehicle or street car shall so occupy 
any street as to interfere with or interrupt the 
passage of other street cars or vehicles. 

(10) A vehicle waiting at the curb shall 
promptly give place to a vehicle about to take on 
or let off passengers. 

(11) The driver of a vehicle, on the approach 
of a lire engine or any other fire apparatus, shall 
immediately draw up said vehicle as near as prac- 
tical to the right-hand curb and parallel thereto 
and bring it to a standstill until such fire appar- 
atus has passed. 

(12) The driver or person in control of a 
street car shall immediately stop said car upon 
the approach of a fire engine or other fire ap- 
paratus and keep it stationary until such engine 
or apparatus has passed. 

(13) No person or persons should drive any 
horse-drawn vehicle or ride any bicycle upon or 
along any street at a greater speed than at the 
rate of eight miles an hour, excepting, however, 
when turning a corner of any street, the rate 
shall not be greater than five miles an hour. 
This provision shall not be construed to alter in 
any wise the speed of motor vehicles as provided 
in chapter 113, P. L. 1906, or the supplements or 
amendments thereto; nor shall same apply to 
ambulances or vehicles belonging to police or fire 
departments or other salvage corps. 

(14) No horse shall be left unattended in any 

232 



street unless securely fastened or unless the 
wheels of the vehicle to which he is harnessed are 
securely tied, fastened, or chained, and the vehicle 
is of sufficient weight to prevent its being dragged 
at a dangerous speed with the wheels so secured. 

(15) No horse shall be unbitted in any street 
unless secured by a halter. 

(16) No person shall remove a wheel, pole 
shaft, whiffletree, swinglebar, or any part of a 
vehicle or any part of harness likely to cause 
accident if the horse start, without first unhitch- 
ing the horse or horses attached to said vehicle. 

(17). No person shall at any time fasten any 
horse or horses in such a manner that the tie 
rope, reins, or lines shall be an obstruction to the 
free use of any sidewalk or cross-walk. 

(18) No horse shall be hitched or fastened to 
any pole carrying wires of any description, nor 
to any public lamp post, or pole, nor to any shade 
tree or its protecting box or casing, nor to any 
water hydrant in any street. 

(19) No person shall run or race any horse 
in any street, whether the running, racing or 
trotting be for trail of speed or for the purpose 
of passing another horse or vehicle; provided, 
however, that this provision shall not apply where 
permission for racing is given by the proper 
municipal authorities and the portion of such 
street which may be devoted to such racing is 
properly closed to other traffic. 

(20) No person shall so load a vehicle or 
drive a vehicle so loaded with iron or other ma- 
terials that may strike together without its being 
properly deafened so as to cause no unnecessary 
noise. 

(21) No person shall ride upon the rear end 

233 



of any vehicle without the consent of the driver. 
and when so riding, no part of the person's body- 
must protrude beyond the limits of the vehicle. 

(22) The rider of any bicycle shall not allow 
the same to proceed in any street by inertia mo- 
mentum, with his feet removed from the pedals. 
nor shall such rider remove both hands from the 
handle bars while riding the bicycle nor practice 
any trick or fancy riding in any street ; nor shall 
he carry noon his bicycle any child under the 
age of ten years. 

(23) No person shall drive or back any horse 
or vehicle across or allow same to stand upon 
any sidewalk unless it be in crossing same to 
go into a yard or lot and then not without the 
consent of the owners of the premises. This does 
not prohibit the passing of any horse or vehicle 
over any sidewalk in front of any alley or pass- 
ageway without the presence of the owner. No 
vehicle or horse shall be driven or ridden across 
any sidewalk at a greater speed than at the rate 
of four miles an hour. 

(24) No person shall ride a bicycle, tricycle, 
or similar machine on any sidewalk; provided, 
nothing in this section shall be deemed or con- 
strued to prevent the use of velocipedes or similar 
machines by children on any sidewalk in any 
public square, park, or city. 

(25) No person shall cause or permit any 
vehicle to be loaded with manure, sand, earth, 
mud, clay, or rubbish, so that the contents or any 
part thereof shall be scattered to any great extent 
in any street. 

(26) The cars of any street railway com- 
pany shall not be allowed to obstruct the cross- 
walks of anv street. 



(27) No street car shall be operated at a 
greater speed than fifteen miles per hour in places 
where the houses are on an average of less than 
one hundred feet apart, provided the tracks on 
which said street car is operated are laid upon 
any public street. 

(28) No vehicle shall travel at a greater speed 
than six miles per hour when passing or approach- 
ing a school-house, provided signs easily visible 
have been placed on the highway indicating such 
approach. 

PART TV. 
PEDESTRIANS. 

12. Rights of Pedestrians. — In places where 
the houses are on the average less than one hun- 
dred feet apart, pedestrians shall have the right 
of wav over vehicles at any street crossing. (Chap. 
24. P.'L. 1916.) 

PART V. 
PROCEDURE. 

13. (1) On Complaint Summons or Warrant 
to Issue. — A complaint having been made in writ- 
ing and dulv verified, that any person has violat- 
ed any of the provisions of this act, any magis- 
trate of the county, or recorder or police magis- 
trate of any municipality in which the offense is 
committed mav, within thirty days after the com- 
mission of said offense, issue either a summons 
or a warrant directed to any constable, police 
officer, the inspector of motor vehicles or the Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles of this State, for 
the appearance or arrest of the person so charged, 

235 



and the magistrate shall state what section or 
provision of this act has been violated by the de- 
fendant, and the time, place and nature of said 
violation, and upon the return of said summons or 
warrant the said magistrate shall proceed, in a 
summary way, to hear and determine the guik 
or innocence of such person, and, upon convic- 
tion, may impose upon the person so convicted the 
penalty by this act prescribed, together with the 
costs of prosecution for such offense. 

(2) Such magistrate, upon receiving complaint 
in writing, duly verified, of the violation of any 
provision of this act by any corporation, is hereby 
authorized and required to issue a summons di- 
rected to any constable, police officer, the in- 
spector of motor vehicles, or the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles of this State, requiring such 
corporation to be and appear before said magis- 
trate on a day therein named, to answer to said 
complaint, which said summons shall be served 
on the president, vice-president, secretary, super- 
intendent, or manager of such corporation, or the 
agent upon whom other process against it may be 
served, at least five days before the time of ap- 
pearance mentioned therein, and thereafter pro- 
ceedings shall be the same as against individuals, 
except where a different procedure is provided by 
this act. 

ADJOURNMENT OF TRIAL. 

14. Adjournments. — Any hearing to be held 
pursuant to this act shall, on the request of the 
defendant, be adjourned for a period not exceed- 
ing thirty days from the return day named in any 
summons, or from the return of any warrant, or 
from the date of any arrest without warrant, as 
the case may be. but in such case it shall be the 

236 



duty of the magistrate to detain the defendant 
in safe custody, unless he shall make a cash de- 
posit or enter into a bond to the State of New 
Jersey, with at least one sufficient surety (unless 
said defendant shall himself qualify and justify, 
in real estate security situated in this State, in 
twice the amount fixed by said magistrate for 
bond with a surety) to or in amount not exceed- 
ing live hundred dollars, conditioned for his ap- 
pearance on the day to which the hearing may be 
adjourned; and thence from day to day until the 
case is disposed of; and such bond, if forfeited, 
may be prosecuted by the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles in any court of competent jurisdiction ; 
and such cash deposit, if forfeited, shall be paid 
to said Commissioner of Motor Vehicles by said 
magistrate, with whom the same shall have been 
deposited, to be by said Commissioner disposed 
of as are other moneys coming to his hands under 
the provisions of section thirty-seven of this act; 
provided, however, that in lieu of said bond or 
cash deposit the person under arrest may leave 
with the magistrate the vehicle owned or driven 
by the said person. 

RIGHT OF APPEAL. 

15. Defendant May Appeal. — The defendant 
in any proceeding instituted under this act may 
appeal from the judgment or sentence of the 
magistrate to the Court of Common Pleas of the 
county in which proceeding shall have taken 
place; provided, the said defendant shall, within 
ten days after the date of said judgment, deliver 
to the magistrate a bond to the State of New- 
Jersey, with at least one sufficient surety, or make 
a cash deposit with him of such amount as the 
magistrate shall direct, not exceeding the amount 

237 



of live hundred dollars (unless said defendant 
can himself qualify and justify in real estate se- 
curity in this State in twice said amount), condi- 
tioned to stand to and abide by such further 
order- or judgment as may thereafter be made 
against the said party; and provided, further, 
that if the said magistrate shall have imposed a 
sentence of imprisonment, the defendant, if he 
does not duly appeal, shall be imprisoned forth- 
with upon the imposing of said sentence; but that 
an appeal, properly taken in accordance with the 
provisions of this act, shall be a stay of and 
upon the enforcement of a sentence of imprison- 
ment, whether the execution of such sentence 
shall have been entered upon or not, as well as 
of such other judgment as may be pronounced; 
and provided, further, that in lieu of the appeal 
bond, in this section specified, and of the cash 
deposit therein provided for, the defendant may 
leave with the magistrate the vehicle owned o: 
operated by the said defendant; and provided 
further, that if said defendant shall, after the 
rendition of said judgment or sentence, announce 
to said magistrate his intention to appeal there- 
from, and either give bond, make the deposit oi 
leave the vehicle as herein provided, he shall have 
ten days from the date of the rendition of the 
said judgment or sentence within which to com- 
plete his appeal, during which said ten days the 
execution of whatever sentence or judgment shall 
have been rendered whether of imprisonment or 
fine, shall be stayed, and in case said defendant 
shall fail to complete his appeal within said ten 
days, the like proceedings may be had as would 
by the provisions of this act follow an appeal 
taken and a judgment of affirmance thereupon. 



RECORD OF APPEAL. 

lu. On Appeal, All Papers and Records Sent 
to Court by Magistrate. — Whenever an appeal 
shall be taken as aforesaid, it shall be the duty 
of the magistrate to send all papers and all money, 
if any, deposited according to the provisions of 
this act. and all money paid for costs of prosecu- 
tion, together with a transcript of the proceed- 
ings in the case, to the next Court of Common 
Pleas of the said county, which court shall, de 
novo, and in a summary way, try and determine 
all such appeal, and in case the judgment or sent- 
ence of the magistrate shall be reversed on such 
appeal, the said Common Pleas Court shall order 
the return of all money deposited as aforesaid, 
and all costs of prosecution paid by said defend- 
ant to said defendant. 



PROCEEDINGS MAY BE INSTITUTED ON 
SUNDAY. 

17. Proceedings Taken on Sunday. — Proceed- 
ings under this act may be instituted on any day 
of the week, and the institution of such proceed- 
ings on Sunday shall be no oar to the successful 
prosecution of the same and any process served 
on Sunday shall be as valid as if served on any 
other day of the week. 

PLEADINGS, WHEN BOND FOR COSTS 
MAY BE DEMANDED. 

18. Title in Proceedings. — All proceedings for 
the violations of the provisions of this act shall 
be entitled and shall run in the name of the State 
of New Jersey, with the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles, or a motor vehicle inspector, or a police 



officer, or a constable, or such other person as 
shall by complaint institute the proceedings as 
prosecutor; and any magistrate may, at his dis- 
cretion, refuse to issue a warrant on the complaint 
of any person other than the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles, or a motor vehicle inspector, or 
a police officer, until a sufficient bond to secure 
costs shall have been executed and delivered to 
the said magistrate. 

ARREST WITHOUT WARRANT. 

19. Arrest at Sight. — Any constable or police 
officer, or motor vehicle inspector, or the Com- 
missioner of Motor Vehicles, is hereby authorized 
to arrest, without warrant, any person other than 
a motorman or person having control of a street 
car violating, in the presence of such a constable, 
or police officer, or motor vehicle inspector, or 
the Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, any of the 
provisions of this act, and to bring the defendant 
before any magistrate of the county where such 
offense is committed, or before the Commissioner 
of Motor Vehicles at any place designated as his 
office. Said Commissioner of Motor Vehicles 
shall have all the power of a magistrate to de- 
termine any violation of this act. The person so 
offending shall be detained in the office of the 
magistrate until the officer making such arrest 
shall make oath or affirmation, which he shall do 
forthwith, declaring that the person under arrest 
has violated one or more of the provisions of this 
act, and specifying the provision or provisions 
violated, whereupon said magistrate shall issue a 
warrant, returnable forthwith, and the said magis- 
trate shall proceed summarily to hear or postpone 
the case as provided in sections thirteen and four- 
teen of this act. And any such constable or po- 

240 



lice officer, or motor vehicle inspecter, or the 
Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, upon satisfy- 
ing himself that such offender is a resident of 
this State, may, instead of arresting such offender 
as herein provided, serve upon him a summons 
in the name of any police court, recorder's court 
or any other court of competent jurisdiction in 
the county, city, town, township, village, borough 
or other municipality, wherein such officer shall 
be authorized to discharge his duties, directing 
such offender to appear and answer such charge 
or charges as may then and there be preferred 
against him ; and for this purpose the county, 
city, town, township, village and borough clerks, 
respectively, shall provide the said officer or of- 
ficers with a form of summons which, when filled 
out, executed and issued by the said officer or of- 
ficers, in such cases as herein provided, shall be 
good and effectual according to the purpose and 
intent thereof. 

VALIDITY OF WARRANT— CASH DEPOSIT 
OR RECOGNIZANCE. 

20. Validity of Summons or Warrant. — A sum- 
mons or warrant issued by any magistrate in ac- 
cordance with the provisions of this act shall be 
valid throughout the State, and any officer who 
has power to serve the said summons, or to serve 
said warrant and make arrests thereon in the 
county where the same shall have been issued, 
shall have like power to serve said summons and 
to serve said warrant and make arrest thereon 
in any of the several counties of the State. If- 
any person shall be arrested for a violation com- 
mitted in the county other than that in which the 
arrest shall take place, the person so arrested may 
demand to be taken before a magistrate of the 

241 



county in which the arrest may have been made 
for the purpose of making a cash deposit or of 
entering into a recognizance with sufficient surety ; 
whereupon the officer serving the said warrant 
shall take the person so apprehended before a 
magistrate of the county in which the arrest 
shall have been made, who shall thereupon fix a 
day for the matter to be heard before the mag- 
istrate issuing the said warrant, and shall take 
from the person apprehended a cash deposit or 
recognizance to the State of New Jersey, with 
sufficient suretv or sureties for the appearance of 
the said person at the time and place designated 
in accordance with the provisions of section twen- 
ty-seven of this act ; the cash deposit or recogniz- 
ance so taken shall be returned to the magistrate 
issuing the warrant to be retained and disposed 
of by him as bv this act provided. 

FEES. ' 

21. Schedule of Fees. — The fees provided in 
the following schedule, and no other charges what- 
soever, shall be allowed the magistrate and of- 
ficers in proceedings under this act, and where 
no fee is provided for any necessary service to be 
performed the same shall be performed without 
any charge therefor. 

Justices. 

Complaint 10 cents 

Summons or warrant when necessary to 
. be issued, but not in case of arrest with- 
out warrant based on complaint 10 cents 

Copies 5 cents each 

Supoena 10 cents 

Administering oath to each witness 10 cents 

Each adjournment IS cents 

>42 



Entry of judgment 20 cents 

Recognizance of bond, drawing entry and 

approval of 25 cents 

Making return to certiorari 50 cents 

Granting appeal and necessary papers.. 50 cents 

Hearing contested case 50 cents 

Hearing non-contested case 25 cents 

Serving of summons or warrant (except 
in cases of arrest on view where no 

costs for service) 30 cents 

Service of subpoena (except where sub- 
poena to party present at time of ar- 
rests where no costs) 30 cents 

Service of execution 75 cents 

For every mile of travel in serving any 
summons or warrant, after first mile, 
computing the number of miles in and 
out by the most direct route from the 
place where such process is returnable. 3 cents 
Execution 25 cents 

Witnesses. 

For each witness, not exceeding three to each 
party, twenty-five cents, and which shall be paid 
by the defendant if the defendant be found guilty 
of the charge laid against him, but if, on appeal, 
said judgment be reversed, said costs shall be re- 
paid to said defendant as hereinbefore provided. 
If the defendant be found not guilty of the 
charge or charges laid against him, then the costs 
must be paid by the prosecutor, except that when 
in such instances the Commissioner of Motor Ve- 
hicles or the inspector of motor vehicles or a 
police officer shall have been the prosecutor. 

22. Review of Proceedings by Justice of Su- 
preme Court. — It shall be lawful for the Justice 
of the Supreme Court holding the circuit in each 
of the counties of this State, upon application 

243 



made to him by a verified petition for that pur- 
pose by any person against whom a judgment or 
sentence for the violation of any of the provisions 
of this act shall have been rendered, who may 
desire to have the legality of his conviction re- 
viewed or the reasonableness of the sentence of 
penalty imposed, to order the said complaint, pro- 
cess, proceedings, evidence and record of convic- 
tion to be forthwith brought before him, that the 
legality of such proceedings and sentence or judg- 
ment, or the reasonableness of the sentence or 
penalty may be summarily reviewed and determin- 
ed; and if such proceedings and sentence or judg- 
ment shall thereupon be found to be illegal, or 
the sentence or penalty be unreasonable, forth- 
with to set aside the same and to order the remis- 
sion or reduction of any fine and costs that may 
have been imposed or the discharge of any of- 
fender from custody. 

23. As to Justices of the Peace in Cities. — 
Nothing in this act shall be construed to give 
jurisdiction to justices of the peace in any city 
having a police justice or recorder's court. 

PART VI. 

PENALTIES. 

24. Penalties. — For violation of any of the 
sections of this act penalties shall be prescribed 
as follows : 

(1) For the first offense a fine not to exceed 
twenty-five dollars, or on failure to pay such 
tine, imprisonment in the county jail for a period 
not to exceed ten days; for each additional of- 
fense, a fine not to exceed fifty dollars, or on 
failure to pay such fine, imprisonment in the 



county jail for a period not to exceed twenty 
days. 

Money received in accordance with the provi- 
sions of this act shall be accounted for and for- 
warded to the treasurer or collector of taxes in 
the municipality in which the proceedings are 
taken for the punishment of violation of this 
act. 

PART VII. 
POWERS OF MUNICIPALITIES. 

25. (1) Cities, Etc., Not to Pass Ordinances 
Relative Hereto. — Towns, boroughs, townships, 
cities, or other municipalities are prohibited from 
passing any ordinance on any matter covered by 
this act or to pass ordinances altering or in any 
wise nullifying the provisions of this act; pro- 
vided, however, that ordinances may be passed 
regulating vehicles and vehicular traffic and pe- 
destrians, providing for regulations which apply 
to a special condition existent in such munici- 
pality alone on the following subjects and within 
the following limitations : 

Limiting use of streets to certain class of 
vehicles ; 

Designation of one-way street ; 

Regulation of public hacks and hack stands ; 

Regulating the stopping or starting of street 
cars at special places, such as railroad stations, 
public squares, or in front of certain public build- 
ings ; 

Special regulations governing the passage or 
stopping of traffic at certain congested street cor- 
ners, or other designated points; 

Regulations governing the parking of vehicles 
on streets and portions of streets. 

245 



(2) All ordinances passed under the above 
powers shall not be in force and effect until the 
same have been submitted to the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles and approved by him after he 
has satisfied himself that such ordinances are not 
contrary to the provisions of this act and are not 
in excess of the powers and authority granted 
under this section. The said Commissioner shall 
be given ten days after receipt of any such pro- 
posed ordinance to examine same, and shall, be- 
fore or at the expiration of that time forward 
>uch ordinance to the proper municipal authority, 
with a certificate indicating whether such ordi- 
nance is a proper ordinance or whether such 
ordinance is an improper ordinance. In the event 
of the failure of the Commissioner to make such 
return within the prescribed time, such ordinance 
shall become effective without his approval. 

Any action taken by the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles either approving or disapproving 
any ordinance passed in accordance with the pro- 
visions of this act, on the application of any per- 
son affected thereby, may be reviewed by certiorari 
or by petition to the Supreme Court of the State 
of New Jersey within thirty days from the date 
upon which such approval or disapproval as above 
becomes effective. Said petition shall be filed 
with the clerk of the Supreme Court and a copy 
thereof served on the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles, either personally or by leaving same 
in the office of the said Commissioner in the city 
of Trenton. The Supreme Court is hereby given 
jurisdiction to review said action of the Commis- 
sioner as above, and to declare that such ap- 
proval or disapproval by the said Commissioner 
is contrary to the provisions of this act. 

The orocedure for review, except as herein 
provided, shall be prescribed by the rules of the 

24fi 



Supreme Court. The allowance of a writ of 
certiorari or the institution of any proceedings 
to review any action of the Commissioner of 
Motor Vehicles by the Supreme Court as afore- 
said shall in no case supersede or make inopera- 
tive the approval or disapproval, as the case may 
be, of the said Commissioner of Motor Vehicles, 
unless the Supreme Court or a Justice thereof 
shall so direct. Any proceeding in the Supreme 
Court of this State as above affecting the approval 
or the disapproval of the Commissioner of Motor 
Vehicles as above shall have preference over ail 
other civil proceedings pending in such court, 
except such civil proceedings as are provided for 
under sections thirty-eight, thirty-nine, and forty 
of an act entitled "An act concerning public utili- 
ties, to create a Board of Public Utility Commis- 
sioners, and to prescribe its duties and powers." 
approved Aoril twenty-first, one thousand nine 
hundred and eleven. 

(3) No special ordinance passed under the 
above powers as contained in section fourteen, 
subsection one. of this act shall be effective un- 
less due notice of same be given to the public by 
placing a sign at the places where such ordinance 
is effective, and by briefing its provisions on suf- 
ficiently large signs to be easily read by pedes- 
trians or operators of vehicles ; provided, that no 
sign need be placed to indicate near or far side 
stoos of street cars. 



CONCLUSION. 

26. Motor Vehicle Act \ r ot Affected.— Noth- 
ing in this act shall alter or amend any pro- 
visions of an act entitled "An act defining motor 
vehicles and providing for the registration of 

247 



the same and the licensing of the drivers thereof ; 
fixing rules regulating the use and speed of motor 
vehicles ; fixing the amount of license and regis- 
tration fees ; prescribing and regulating process 
and the service thereof and proceedings for the 
violation of the provisions of the act and penal- 
ties for said violations," approved April twelfth, 
one thousand nine hundred and six. 

27. When Act Effective. — This act shall take 
effect one month after its approval, and the ap- 
propriations committee shall appropriate five hun- 
dred dollars to the Department of Motor Ve- 
hicles for the preparation of pamphlet copies of 
the act and for the distribution of the same. 

28. As to Validity of Any Part of Act.— In 
case for any reason any section or any provision 
of this act shall be questioned in any court, and 
shall be held to be unconstitutional or invalid, 
the same shall not be held to affect any other 
section or provision of this act. 

29. Repealer. — All acts or parts of acts incon- 
sistent herewith are hereby repealed, but the pow- 
er of regulation hereby given over common car- 
riers shall be in addition to and not a repealer 
of powers of regulation now vested in the Public 
Utilities Commission, nor shall this act be a re- 
pealer of and shall not be construed as in con- 
flict with, the terms and conditions of municipal 
ordinances by which franchises or contracts have 
been or may be made with any common carrier. 

Approved April 6. 1915. 



INDEX 

VALUABLE INFORMATION 

Page. 
Athletic Grounds 28 

Boats and Canoes to Hire 52 

Boat Houses in Fairmount Park 59, oO 

Buildings, Location of 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 

Bridges Crossing Schuylkill River within 

Park Boundary 16, 17 

Bridges Crossing Wissahickon Creek within 

Park Boundry IS 

Building Regulations for the Parkway. 76, 77, 78, 79 

City of Philadelphia Traffic Regulations, 

80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90 

Cobb's Creek Golf Links. Rules and Regu- 
lations 50,51,52 

Commissioners of Fairmount Park 5 

Fairmount Park Aquarium 47, 48, 49 

Fairmount Park Guard Pension Fund Asso- 
ciation, Incorporated 6, 7 

Fountains 23 

General Ulysses S. Grant 55, 56 

Grant's Cabin 56, 57, 58 

S19 



Page. 

Headquarters of Fairmount Park Guard.. 12,13 

Honorary Life Members 8, 9, 10, 11 

Lakes 24 

Lawn Tennis Court 28 

Monuments and Statuary 24, 25, 26, 27 

Motor Vehicle Laws of Pennsylvania.... 90-142 

Motor Vehicle Laws of New Jersey 143-248 

Parks and Their Location 13, 14, 15, 16 

Picnic Grounds, East and West of Schuyl- 
kill River 28,29,30 

Pumps, East and West Side of Schuylkill 

River 32, 33 

Places of Interest 16 

Refreshment Stands, East and West of 

Schuylkill River 34,35 

Restaurants, East and West of Schuylkill 

River 35 

Retiring Rooms for Men 42, 43, 44 

Retiring Rooms for Women 44, 45, 46 

Rules and Regulations Governing the Parks 
and Squares under the Control of the 
Commissioners of Fairmount Park, 

60,61,62,63,64,65 

250 



Page. 
Motor Boats and Launches 68, 69, 70 

Regulations for the Protection of Street 

Trees 75, 76 

Shelter Sheds, East and West of Schuylkill 
River and West Side of Wissahickon ■ 
Creek 35,36,37 

Springs and Drinking Fountains. . 38, 39, 40, 41, 42 

Wilstach Galleries 46 

Zoological Garden 52, 53, 54 



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